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Anomalous Non-Conservation Of Fermionic Charge

VOLOVIK GRIGORY E.

in The Universe in a Helium Droplet

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199564842
eISBN:
9780191709906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564842.003.0018
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter opens the discussion of physical phenomena in the vacuum with Fermi points. The non-trivial topology in the momentum space leads to anomalies produced by the massless chiral fermions in ... More


Spectral Flow in The Vortex Core

VOLOVIK GRIGORY E.

in The Universe in a Helium Droplet

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199564842
eISBN:
9780191709906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564842.003.0025
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

There are four forces acting on a vortex moving with respect to normal and superfluid components of the liquid: three reactive forces (Magnus, Iordanskii, and Kopnin forces) and the Stokes friction ... More


Baryogenesis

Michael Kachelriess

in Quantum Fields: From the Hubble to the Planck Scale

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780198802877
eISBN:
9780191841330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198802877.003.0022
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter shows that a baryon asymmetry can be generated only if the Sakharov conditions are satisfied. The required departure from thermal equilibrium can be realised either in first-order phase ... More


Water, Water, Here and There

Steven E. Vigdor

in Signatures of the Artist: The Vital Imperfections That Make Our Universe Habitable

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198814825
eISBN:
9780191852954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814825.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Chapter 4 deals with the stability of the proton, hence of hydrogen, and how to reconcile that stability with the baryon number nonconservation (or baryon conservation) needed to establish a ... More


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