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Imperfect Competition and General Equilibrium

Jean J. Gabszewicz

in Strategic Interaction and Markets

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198233411
eISBN:
9780191596292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198233418.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Extends the analysis of strategic competition when competition takes place simultaneously in several markets, as in the exchange process among several goods and several agents. First, the barter ... More


The Economic Consequences of the Suez Crisis for Egypt

Roger Owen

in Suez 1956: The Crisis and its Consequences

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202417
eISBN:
9780191675348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202417.003.0021
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Middle East History

This chapter makes clear that, despite American and Soviet views about Nasser's Aswan decisions, the High Dam eventually stored enough water to save Egypt's agriculture from disaster after the ... More


Mastering Oil

Gholam R. Afkhami

in The Life and Times of the Shah

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520253285
eISBN:
9780520942165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520253285.003.0012
Subject:
History, Middle East History

The Consortium settlement in 1954 was a defeat for Iran. The Consortium received all the operational fields and territory previously conceded to AIOC. For the shah, moving beyond the Consortium was ... More


Starting a State

James C. Klotter and Freda C. Klotter

in A Concise History of Kentucky

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813124988
eISBN:
9780813135298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813124988.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Since Kentucky initially served as a middle ground or a crossroads in which different groups met, it then started to foster a multicultural society. There were small groups of French explorers, ... More


Making Do at the Margins of Maritime Empire

Brian Rouleau

in With Sails Whitening Every Sea: Mariners and the Making of an American Maritime Empire

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452338
eISBN:
9780801455087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452338.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter acknowledges that sailors were the largest single community of itinerant peddlers in the world. American men came aboard ships expecting to trade with the globe's inhabitants, and these ... More


. Commerce

Alan Houston

in Benjamin Franklin and the Politics of Improvement

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300124477
eISBN:
9780300152395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300124477.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter describes Benjamin Franklin's thought on commerce in America. Commerce concerned the circulation of raw materials and finished goods, rough ideas, and refined sentiments, and involved ... More


Anglo-Irish Trade and Business Relations

Bryce Evans

in Ireland during the Second World War: Farewell to Plato's Cave

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780719089510
eISBN:
9781781707531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719089510.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

Introduces the Department of Supplies. This new department of state was formed at the outbreak of war in Europe and was headed by Seán Lemass, assisted by the short, plump, bespectacled John Leydon, ... More


‘A matter of friendship’: the grey market

Mark Roodhouse

in Black Market Britain: 1939-1955

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199588459
eISBN:
9780191747564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588459.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter focuses on the illegal transfers that people considered ‘grey market’—a term that differentiated illegal but socially acceptable evasion from the illegal and immoral ‘black market’ ... More


The British

John K. Stutterheim

in The Diary of Prisoner 17326: A Boy's Life in a Japanese Labor Camp

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823231508
eISBN:
9780823250745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823231508.003.0019
Subject:
History, Social History

After the British arrive and begin to attend to the needs of the former prisoners, the author learns that his brother is a gifted negotiator when he attempts to haggle for supplies. The merchants who ... More


1945

Arsenii Formakov

Emily D. Johnson (ed.)

in Gulag Letters

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300209310
eISBN:
9780300228199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300209310.003.0003
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

Throughout 1945, Formakov wrote to his family regularly through the official, censored Gulag mail system and illicitly. Letters sent in this year detail Formakov’s efforts to smuggle mail out of the ... More


Money and Finance

Geoffrey M. Hodgson

in Conceptualizing Capitalism: Institutions, Evolution, Future

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226168005
eISBN:
9780226168142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226168142.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter is about money and financial institutions. The first question concerns the nature of money. Carl Menger's famous thought experiment showing the spontaneous emergence of money from barter ... More


Life Under the Occupation

Emanuele Sica

in Mussolini's Army in the French Riviera: Italy's Occupation of France

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039850
eISBN:
9780252097966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039850.003.0008
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter examines the daily interaction between occupiers and the occupied as the Italians and French battled over the most precious resource in the French Riviera: food. When the Italian Army ... More


The Hao of La Pérouse

Patrick Vinton Kirch

in Kua'aina Kahiko: Life and Land in Ancient Kahikinui, Maui

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824839550
eISBN:
9780824871475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824839550.003.0015
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter describes an encounter between French explorers and the Kahikinui people. In May 1786, the French frigates La Boussole and L’Astrolabe, under the command of Jean-François de Galaup de la ... More


Online Portals and Exchanges

Vince Stehle

in New Frontiers of Philanthropy: A Guide to the New Tools and New Actors that Are Reshaping Global Philanthropy and Social Investing

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199357543
eISBN:
9780199381425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199357543.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter discusses the emergence of a new class of philanthropic services—online social-purpose portals and exchanges—which use the Internet to provide individuals and organizations with a way to ... More


“Politics Makes Strange Bedfellows”; or, Smetana’s Reception in the 1890s

David Brodbeck

in Defining Deutschtum: Political Ideology, German Identity, and Music-Critical Discourse in Liberal Vienna

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199362707
eISBN:
9780199362721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199362707.003.0007
Subject:
Music, History, Western, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This chapter focuses on the reception of Czech music in Vienna in the early 1890s, when Taaffe sought to reconcile the Germans and Czechs through a Bohemian Compromise designed to divide the crown ... More


Delivery of Oil from Baetica to the limes in Germania: Wierschowski versus Remesal

André Tchernia

in The Romans and Trade

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198723714
eISBN:
9780191829376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723714.003.0017
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

In this chapter the author takes up an article by Lothar Wiershowski, which demonstrated that José Remesal Rodríguez’ assumption that there was a state-organized system of barter between Baetica and ... More


Wine Exporting and the Exception of Gaul

André Tchernia

in The Romans and Trade

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198723714
eISBN:
9780191829376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723714.003.0019
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

New insights into the nature of Italian wine-growing and the wine trade in the last century of the Republic are presented here. The study primarily focuses on the evidence derived from Greco-Italic ... More


The Prevailing Opinion on the Relationship between Credit and Capital Goods (the Influence of Capital on Credit)

L. Albert Hahn

in Economic Theory of Bank Credit

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198723073
eISBN:
9780191789649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723073.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Financial Economics

This book’s theory stresses the effect of credit on capital but the literature is preoccupied by the effect of capital on credit. Two broad perspectives on the effect of capital on credit, namely the ... More


The social stratigraphy of coin and credit in late medieval England

Christine Desan

in Making Money: Coin, Currency, and the Coming of Capitalism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198709572
eISBN:
9780191779800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709572.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Legal History

England’s powerful penny stratified exchange, both in coin and in credit. As to coin, it could not easily lubricate many everyday deals because it came disproportionately in high-value denominations. ... More


Monetary Transformation

Hubert Gabrisch

in The Handbook of Political, Social, and Economic Transformation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198829911
eISBN:
9780191868368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829911.003.0062
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Monetary transformation means the conceptual restoration of the functions of money in a former quasi-barter economy, in which the use of legal money and foreign currency was limited and financial ... More


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