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The United Kingdom: Late Codification, Early Reform

Andreas Busch

in Banking Regulation and Globalization

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199218813
eISBN:
9780191711763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218813.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

This chapter examines banking regulation in the United Kingdom. It begins with a description of the historical development of the banking system and its regulatory structure, followed by an ... More


Relationship Banking in Post‐Bubble Japan: Coexistence of Soft‐ and Hard‐Budget Constraints 1

Yasuhiro Arikawa and Hideaki Miyajima

in Corporate Governance in Japan: Institutional Change and Organizational Diversity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284511
eISBN:
9780191713705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284511.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines the changes in the Japanese main banking system. Despite the deregulation of bond markets in the mid-1990s, the overall dependence of firms on bank borrowing increased rather ... More


A Microeconomic Examination of Financial Fragility: A Test of Capital Adequacy Standards

Kern Alexander, Rahul Dhumale, and John Eatwell

in Global Governance of Financial Systems: The International Regulation of Systemic Risk

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195166989
eISBN:
9780199783861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195166989.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter examines the link between the relative level of an individual bank's adequacy and the fragility of the banking system. Specifically, the probability of a banking crisis is modeled, using ... More


Epilogue: The Banking Crisis of 2007–2008

Hans Degryse, Moshe Kim, and Steven Ongena

in Microeconometrics of Banking: Methods, Applications, and Results

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195340471
eISBN:
9780199852406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340471.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter provides an epilogue on the banking crisis of 2007–2008. It briefly discusses empirical work that investigates one of the root causes of the banking crisis: the abundance of liquidity ... More


Norwegian Banking in the Inter‐War Period: A Scandinavian Perspective

Helge W. Nordvik

in Banking, Currency, and Finance in Europe Between the Wars

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288039
eISBN:
9780191596230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288034.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Economic History

Begins with an account of the development of the Norwegian banking system before the First World War and then examines the long and severe banking crisis of 1923–28, and the policies adopted ... More


Banking in Germany, 1918–1939

Gerd Hardach

in Banking, Currency, and Finance in Europe Between the Wars

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288039
eISBN:
9780191596230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288034.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Economic History

The focus of this chapter is not on the short‐term fluctuations experienced by the German banks during the inter‐war period, but on the structural change that ultimately resulted in the formation of ... More


Conclusion

Hans Degryse, Moshe Kim, and Steven Ongena

in Microeconometrics of Banking: Methods, Applications, and Results

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195340471
eISBN:
9780199852406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340471.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter concludes the study by summarizing the existing evidence and by providing a list of topics for further research. The list includes issues, such as the effect of the two-stage “purchasing ... More


Method in the Madness? Banking Crises Between the Wars, an International Comparison

Joost Jonker and Jan Luiten van Zanden

in Banking, Currency, and Finance in Europe Between the Wars

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288039
eISBN:
9780191596230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288034.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Economic History

This investigation of the banking crises experienced in 12 European industrial countries and the USA attempts to establish a common pattern and to identify explanations for the timing and occurrence ... More


Italian Banking, 1919–1936

Gianni Toniolo

in Banking, Currency, and Finance in Europe Between the Wars

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288039
eISBN:
9780191596230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288034.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Economic History

Examines the evolution of the Italian banking industry, with particular reference to the behaviour of the mixed (universal) banks, and to the relief operations that culminated in extensive state ... More


Banks

Youssef Cassis

in Crises and Opportunities: The Shaping of Modern Finance

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600861
eISBN:
9780191724930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600861.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking, Business History

Massive bank runs and a succession of bank failures are only one aspect of banking crises, and not necessarily the main one as far as large banks are concerned. The main issue has been whether the ... More


Banking in France in the Inter‐War Period

Michel Lescure

in Banking, Currency, and Finance in Europe Between the Wars

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288039
eISBN:
9780191596230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288034.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Economic History

The inter‐war years were a period of decay for the French banks. Their problems began during the inflationary years of the First World War and continued until the stabilization of the franc in 1926. ... More


The Onset of the Great Depression

Charles H. Feinstein, Peter Temin, and Gianni Toniolo

in The World Economy between the World Wars

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195307559
eISBN:
9780199867929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307559.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The descent into the depression left bankers, politicians, industrialists, and farmers seemingly helpless in the face of the successive currency and banking crises, growing stocks of unsold food, ... More


Post-War Crises

Youssef Cassis

in Crises and Opportunities: The Shaping of Modern Finance

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600861
eISBN:
9780191724930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600861.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking, Business History

This chapter discusses the four major financial crises that broke out in the core industrial countries between the end of Bretton Woods in 1971 and the early 21st century: the Financial Instability ... More


Ten Further Financial Crises

E. Philip Davis

in Debt, Financial Fragility, and Systemic Risk

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198233312
eISBN:
9780191596124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198233310.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Given the focus of the analyses in Chs. 6 and 7 on six major periods of instability since 1970, it is useful to outline the events of other selected periods of crisis. We look for example at the ... More


Experience of the Early 1990s

E. Philip Davis

in Debt, Financial Fragility, and Systemic Risk

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198233312
eISBN:
9780191596124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198233310.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Chapters 9 and 10 were written for the Second Edition of the book in mid 1994. This chapter seeks to provide further evidence on the importance of the mechanisms of financial fragility and ... More


Individual Bank Runs and Systemic Risk

Hans Degryse, Moshe Kim, and Steven Ongena

in Microeconometrics of Banking: Methods, Applications, and Results

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195340471
eISBN:
9780199852406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340471.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter looks at individual bank runs and systemic risk featuring the evidence on the determinants of banking crises: market and economic conditions, implications of banking crises and their ... More


The Anatomy of a Multiple Crisis: Why was Argentina Special and What Can We Learn from It?

Guillermo Perry and Luis Servén

in Monetary Unions and Hard Pegs: Effects on Trade, Financial Development, and Stability

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271405
eISBN:
9780191601200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271402.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The Argentine crisis has been variously blamed on fiscal imbalances, real overvaluation, and self-fulfilling investor pessimism triggering a capital flow reversal. This chapter provides a full ... More


Monetary Unions and Hard Pegs: Effects on Trade, Financial Development, and Stability

Volbert Alexander, George M. von Furstenberg, and Jacques Mélitz (eds)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271405
eISBN:
9780191601200
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271402.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Financial services with global reach are a highly information-intensive business. In it, the ability to deliver reliable price formation, global liquidity, and network benefits is increasingly ... More


The Separation between Commercial and Investment Banking in the United States

Jordi Canals

in Universal Banking: International Comparisons and Theoretical Perspectives

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198775065
eISBN:
9780191695353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198775065.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking, Strategy

The banking crisis that shook the United States in the 1930s meant the end of the universal banking system that, until then, had shaped that and many other financial systems. In fact, the American ... More


Fundamentals-Based Models

Michael Chui and Prasanna Gai

in Private Sector Involvement and International Financial Crises: An Analytical Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199267750
eISBN:
9780191602504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267758.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Explores the role played by fundamental factors in driving financial crises. The model of optimal banking crises by Allen and Gale (1998) is explored in detail, as is the first-generation currency ... More


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