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Free Banking: The Populist Revolt Takes Root in New York

Howard Bodenhorn

in State Banking in Early America: A New Economic History

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195147766
eISBN:
9780199832910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147766.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Modern interpretations of free banking argue that lightly regulated banking systems are either unstable and undesirable, or that free competition in banking generates the same favorable outcomes as ... More


The Corset, Funding Policy and Banking Supervision

J. C. R. Dow and I. D. Saville

in A Critique of Monetary Policy: Theory and British Experience

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283195
eISBN:
9780191596186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283199.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter is divided into three different sections. It analyses forms of control that are not part of the ‘classical’ tradition of the previous chapter. The first section examines the idea of the ... More


Post-War Crises

Youssef Cassis

in Crises and Opportunities: The Shaping of Modern Finance

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600861
eISBN:
9780191724930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600861.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking, Business History

This chapter discusses the four major financial crises that broke out in the core industrial countries between the end of Bretton Woods in 1971 and the early 21st century: the Financial Instability ... More


Banks

Youssef Cassis

in Crises and Opportunities: The Shaping of Modern Finance

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600861
eISBN:
9780191724930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600861.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking, Business History

Massive bank runs and a succession of bank failures are only one aspect of banking crises, and not necessarily the main one as far as large banks are concerned. The main issue has been whether the ... More


The Bank Always Loses

James Steven Rogers

in The End of Negotiable Instruments: Bringing Payment Systems Law Out of the Past

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199856220
eISBN:
9780199919574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199856220.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

Lawyers commonly assume that the bank always wins disputes over unauthorized check transactions. That assumption is backwards. The baseline rule is that banks, as the providers of the check payment ... More


Deposit Insurance and Bank Failure Resolution: Cross-Country Evidence

Thorsten Beck and Luc Laeven

in Deposit Insurance around the World: Issues of Design and Implementation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262042543
eISBN:
9780262271462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262042543.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter focuses on how deposit insurers are involved in bank failure resolution, and how it is linked to bank risk. In this study, several indicators are considered. First are cross-country ... More


“Too Big to Fail” before the Fed

Gary B. Gorton and Ellis W. Tallman

in Fighting Financial Crises: Learning from the Past

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226479514
eISBN:
9780226479651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226479651.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The clearing house also engaged in bailouts of large member banks during crises. This policy of “too-big-to-fail” was entirely voluntary and created a risk exposure for the clearing house membership. ... More


The Storm Clouds Gather

Donal Donovan and Antoin E. Murphy

in The Fall of the Celtic Tiger: Ireland and the Euro Debt Crisis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199663958
eISBN:
9780191749223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199663958.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter assesses the lack of preparedness of the Irish and European authorities before the September 2008 crisis. Although Irish officials were aware of the deteriorating international and ... More


Bank Failures in Zimbabwe: Evidence and Lessons, 2000–09

Jonathan Tembo

in Economic Management in a Hyperinflationary Environment: The Political Economy of Zimbabwe, 1980–2008

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198747505
eISBN:
9780191810442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747505.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The chapter investigates the causes of bank failure in Zimbabwe during the period 2000 to 2009 in order to identify the lessons to be learnt. It adopts an argumentative approach and seeks to explain ... More


Failing the Financial Trilemma

Dirk Schoenmaker

in Governance of International Banking: The Financial Trilemma

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199971596
eISBN:
9780199333318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199971596.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Chapter 4 provides case studies of some major international bank failures during the Great Financial Crisis. It appears that most of these bank failures, such as those of Lehman and Fortis, follow ... More


Guiding Principles for Fighting Crises

Gary B. Gorton and Ellis W. Tallman

in Fighting Financial Crises: Learning from the Past

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226479514
eISBN:
9780226479651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226479651.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Bagehot's Rule for fighting crises has never been updated because there have been few crises in developed economies. Examining historical experiences suggests some principles for fighting crises. One ... More


Embalmed in Rettie: The City of Glasgow Bank and the Liability of Trustees

Kenneth GC Reid

in Judge and Jurist: Essays in Memory of Lord Rodger of Earlsferry

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199677344
eISBN:
9780191758379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677344.003.0038
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Legal Profession and Ethics

This chapter discusses a case involving the City of Glasgow Bank which concerned the issue of trustee liability. On 1 October 1878 the doors of the bank closed at the usual hour, never to re-open. A ... More


Droughts, Floods, and Financial Distress in the United States

John Landon-Lane, Hugh Rockoff, and Richard H. Steckel

in The Economics of Climate Change: Adaptations Past and Present

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226479880
eISBN:
9780226479903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226479903.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter determines the frequency and severity of weather-generated banking stress in American financial history. It examines the relationships among weather, agriculture, and financial markets ... More


When the Money Stopped

John Kenneth Galbraith and James K. Galbraith

in Money: Whence It Came, Where It Went

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691171661
eISBN:
9781400889082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691171661.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter examines the impact of the stock market crash of October 1929 on the monetary system of the United States. Very little attention has been given to the factors which converted the ... More


The Great Compromise

John Kenneth Galbraith and James K. Galbraith

in Money: Whence It Came, Where It Went

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691171661
eISBN:
9781400889082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691171661.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter examines the dual monetary system that existed in the hundred years after 1832, a period characterized by basic compromise. The compromise which followed the demise of the Second Bank of ... More


The Impeccable System

John Kenneth Galbraith and James K. Galbraith

in Money: Whence It Came, Where It Went

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691171661
eISBN:
9781400889082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691171661.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter examines the impact of the Federal Reserve System on money and banking in the United States. The Federal Reserve System was created in 1913 by virtue of the Federal Reserve Act passed by ... More


The Price

John Kenneth Galbraith and James K. Galbraith

in Money: Whence It Came, Where It Went

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691171661
eISBN:
9781400889082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691171661.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter examines the consequences of the panics that occurred in and after 1819, 1837, 1857, 1873, in a minor way in 1884, with great severity in 1893 and again in 1907, and of the stock market ... More


The 2008 Global Crisis and Israel-Economy Resilience

Assaf Razin

in Israel and the World Economy: The Power of Globalization

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037341
eISBN:
9780262344234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037341.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The global financial crisis generated the deepest and longest recession since the Great Depression of the 1930s. The defining event of the 2008 global financial crisis was a “hemorrhagic stroke”: a ... More


Searching Under the Lamppost: The Evolution of Fiscal Surveillance

Deborah Mabbett and Waltraud Schelkle

in The Political and Economic Dynamics of the Eurozone Crisis

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780198755739
eISBN:
9780191821615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198755739.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Why is the Eurozone economy laboring under the burden of fiscal austerity? Critics argue that an ideological bias toward austerity was institutionalized in the EU’s fiscal rules. We examine this ... More


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