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1974—Marking Time

Douglas Wass

in Decline to Fall: The Making of British Macro-economic Policy and the 1976 IMF Crisis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199534746
eISBN:
9780191715884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534746.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter looks at the origins of the inflation which struck the developed world in the early 1970s, and the huge balance of payments imbalances which followed the explosion of oil prices in 1973. ... More


The Writing and Contents of the Essai Sur La Nature Du Commerce En Général

Antoin E. Murphy

in Richard Cantillon: Entrepreneur and Economist

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198286820
eISBN:
9780191596681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198286821.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Deals with the model building approach of the Essai, the emphasis on markets and entrepreneurs, the circular flow of income, the linking of money to the real economy, the specie flow mechanism, ... More


Private International Capital Flows in Europe in the Inter‐War Period

Charles H. Feinstein and Katherine Watson

in Banking, Currency, and Finance in Europe Between the Wars

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288039
eISBN:
9780191596230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288034.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Economic History

Explores the nature, scale, and direction of the massive flows of international capital to and from Europe in the inter‐war period. The authors present new data on the movements of international ... More


The Treasury and the Managed Economy, 1951–1959

G. C. Peden

in The Treasury and British Public Policy, 1906–1959

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207078
eISBN:
9780191677472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207078.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

The goals of the managed economy were maintenance of Britain's power and influence, full employment, stable prices, a sound balance of payments, and increased prosperity. Effective management of the ... More


Money and Trade

Antoin E. Murphy

in John Law: Economic Theorist and Policy-maker

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198286493
eISBN:
9780191596674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828649X.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Provides an analysis of the contents of ‘Money and Trade’ including emphasis on the money‐in‐advance requirement, the circular flow of income, the further analysis of inflation in a money supply and ... More


The Interwar Gold Standard in Operation

Barry Eichengreen

in Golden Fetters: The Gold Standard and the Great Depression, 1919-1939

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195101133
eISBN:
9780199869626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195101138.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This is the first of three chapters that consider the operation of the reconstructed gold standard system following World War I; it documents the decline in its credibility and in international ... More


Transfer of Funds: the Interaction between the IMF Articles of Agreement and Modern Investment Treaties: a Comparative Law Perspective

Abba Kolo

in International Investment Law and Comparative Public Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199589104
eISBN:
9780191595455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589104.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Public International Law

This chapter discusses two interpretative questions that are likely to arise in investment treaty arbitration in the context of capital transfer guarantees. First, in the event of conflict between ... More


Bimetallic Exchange Rates: An Exploration

Marc Flandreau

in The Glitter of Gold: France Bimetallism and the Emergence of the International Gold Standard 1848-1873

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199257867
eISBN:
9780191601279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257868.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Chapter 3 provides an analysis of international arbitrage focusing on the exchange market between Paris and London. Resting on a new methodology to study exchange rate relations, this chapter shows ... More


Crises and Policy Imbalances

Giovanni Piersanti

in The Macroeconomic Theory of Exchange Rate Crises

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653126
eISBN:
9780191741210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653126.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter discusses the basic analytical framework of “first-generation” models of currency crises and their extensions to deal with important features of balance-of-payments crises such as ... More


Hungary: Understanding Western Messages

László Valki

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 2: International and Transnational Factors

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244096
eISBN:
9780191600371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924409X.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Describes the Western influence on the democratic consolidation in Hungary in the 1980s and the 90s, focusing primarily on problems and conflicts, yet pointing out the historically unprecedented task ... More


Argentina: Balance‐Of‐Payments Liberalization: Effects on Growth, Employment and Income

Roberto Frenkel and Martín González Rozada

in External Liberalization, Economic Performance and Social Policy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195145465
eISBN:
9780199783960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195145465.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter gives a summary analysis of the growth process, the performance of the labor market, and the evolution of income and wages in the context generated by the market‐friendly structural ... More


Stabilization Policy

Vijay Joshi and I. M. D. Little

in India's Economic Reforms, 1991-2001

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198290780
eISBN:
9780191596506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198290780.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Deals with the process of stabilization after the economic crisis suffered by India in 1991. It presents a mixture of evidence and theory to examine the success of various stabilization methods ... More


International Aspects: Introduction

R. C. O. Matthews, C. H. Feinstein, and J. C. Odling‐Smee

in British Economic Growth 1856-1973: The Post-War Period in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
1982
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284536
eISBN:
9780191596629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284535.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter explains the theoretical links behind the issues discussed in Ch. 15, namely, what explains trends in the UK's international transactions and how those transactions affected growth. The ... More


External Liberalization, Economic Performance, and Social Policy

Janine Berg and Lance Taylor

in External Liberalization, Economic Performance and Social Policy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195145465
eISBN:
9780199783960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195145465.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Economic policy in developing and postsocialist economies during the last ten to fifteen years of the 20th century had one dominating theme: wave of external deregulation showing up as packages aimed ... More


The Behaviour of Exchange Rates

J. C. R. Dow and I. D. Saville

in A Critique of Monetary Policy: Theory and British Experience

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283195
eISBN:
9780191596186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283199.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The focus shifts from a closed economic environment to the effects of exogenous factors such as overseas trading, with exchange rates being key. To this end, the chapter is split into two main ... More


Black Markets, Openness, and Central-Bank Autonomy

Tariq Banuri and Juliet B. Schor (eds)

in Financial Openness and National Autonomy: Opportunities and Constraints

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198283645
eISBN:
9780191684463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198283645.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

A country's financial markets are opened up to international forces by currency black markets. As such, the benefits of conventional policies are lowered and the costs are raised in trade ... More


The Chinese Approach to Capital Inflows: Patterns and Possible Explanations

Eswar Prasad and Shang‐Jin Wei

in China, Asia, and the New World Economy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235889
eISBN:
9780191717109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235889.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines the determinants and nature of China's capital inflows. Section 11.2 presents a detailed picture of the evolution of China's capital inflows. Section 11.3 examines the evolution ... More


Bretton Woods and the Great Inflation

Michael D. Bordo and Barry Eichengreen

in The Great Inflation: The Rebirth of Modern Central Banking

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226066950
eISBN:
9780226043555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226043555.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter argues that international considerations had an important influence on Federal Reserve policymaking in the early 1960s, and that adherence to the Bretton Woods peg of the price of gold ... More


Domestic Constituencies Speak: The End of Fixed Parity and the Rise of Development Lending

Kathryn C. Lavelle

in Legislating International Organization: The US Congress, the IMF, and the World Bank

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199765348
eISBN:
9780199918959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765348.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the development stage of the relationship between the IMF and World Bank, when the work of both converged on lending in developing countries. The primary exogenous shock came ... More


Guns, Butter, and Gold

Aaron Major

in Architects of Austerity: International Finance and the Politics of Growth

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804788342
eISBN:
9780804790734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804788342.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter explores the complexities of international monetary power in the late postwar period by looking at the rise and fall of the Great Society, which was followed shortly by the demise of the ... More


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