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Persons, Interests, and Justice

Nils Holtug

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580170
eISBN:
9780191722707
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580170.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This is a book on welfare and its importance for distributive justice. Part I is concerned with prudence; more precisely, with what the necessary and sufficient conditions are for having a ... More


Wickedness and Vices

Robert Merrihew Adams

in A Theory of Virtue: Excellence in Being for the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207510
eISBN:
9780191708824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207510.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter rejects the notion of absolute evil and argues that even Satanic wickedness cannot be understood as unqualified opposition to all goods. Badness of character is found in the way one ... More


Further Reflections on the Ethical Objection

Richard Kraut

in Against Absolute Goodness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199844463
eISBN:
9780199919550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844463.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that it is that in all our interactions with all other human beings, we should be guided by our conception of what is good for them rather than by any conception of what is good ... More


Self‐interest

Nils Holtug

in Persons, Interests, and Justice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580170
eISBN:
9780191722707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580170.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

In this chapter, the concept of ‘self‐interest’ is clarified and various views about what constitutes self‐interest are considered. According to the ‘Identity View’, in order for an individual to ... More


Metaphysics and Justice

Nils Holtug

in Persons, Interests, and Justice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580170
eISBN:
9780191722707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580170.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

In Chapter 4, the Prudential View, according to which self‐interest is a function not just of welfare but also of Relation M was proposed. This view has implications for our account of justice. For ... More


The Bad Itself (with Speculations on Goodness) (Theta 9)

Jonathan Beere

in Doing and Being: An Interpretation of Aristotle's Metaphysics Theta

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199206704
eISBN:
9780191709784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206704.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter analyzes Theta 9, focusing on three intimately connected concepts: that for-the-sake-of-which, the end, and the good. Theta 9 offers reasoned argument that eternal principles (if there ... More


Moral Goodness

W. D. Ross

in The Right and the Good

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252657
eISBN:
9780191598333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252653.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This is the last of five chapters on good, and examines moral goodness. Ross explains the concept of morally good as either being a certain sort of character or being related in one of certain ... More


Theodorus’s Innovations

Kurt Lampe

in The Birth of Hedonism: The Cyrenaic Philosophers and Pleasure as a Way of Life

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161136
eISBN:
9781400852499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161136.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter turns to the other provocateur from the final generations of the Cyrenaic movement, Theodorus “the Godless.” Previous scholars have noted the profound break Theodorus makes from Cyrenaic ... More


The Value of a Life

John Broome

in Weighing Lives

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199243761
eISBN:
9780191602900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924376X.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers whether the neutral level for extending life is a constant. It shows there are plausible grounds for thinking it may not be. However, it adopts the assumptions that it is ... More


The Nature of Goodness

W. D. Ross

in The Right and the Good

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252657
eISBN:
9780191598333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252653.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This is the second of five chapters on good, and starts by making the point that it is around the question of the intrinsically good that the chief controversies about the nature of goodness or value ... More


What Things Are Good?

W. D. Ross

in The Right and the Good

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252657
eISBN:
9780191598333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252653.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This is the third of five chapters on good, and inquires into what kinds of things are intrinsically good. The first thing claimed as intrinsically good is virtuous disposition and action; the second ... More


Why Is Death Bad?

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume I: Death and Whom to Save From It

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195119114
eISBN:
9780199872244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195119118.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Examines the question of why death is bad: is it bad for the person who dies, and, if so, why? The question of what the scientific criteria should be for the person who dies is dealt with later in ... More


The Asymmetry Problem: Death and Prenatal Nonexistence

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume I: Death and Whom to Save From It

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195119114
eISBN:
9780199872244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195119118.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Examines further the question of why death is bad, but also discusses whether death is worse than prenatal non‐existence: the asymmetry thesis. This is Lucretius's question: if we are not much ... More


Accounting for Asymmetry?

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume I: Death and Whom to Save From It

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195119114
eISBN:
9780199872244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195119118.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Offers a final proposal on the two questions of the question of why death is bad, and whether it is worse than prenatal non‐existence (the asymmetry thesis); it is concerned with whether there are ... More


Appropriate Attitudes Toward Nonexistence

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume I: Death and Whom to Save From It

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195119114
eISBN:
9780199872244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195119118.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Considers how one should deal with death, given what makes it bad, and worse than prenatal non‐existence. An evaluation is made of the three main types of factors discussed in Ch. 4 that play a part ... More


The Sacred and the Bad

Robert Merrihew Adams

in Finite and Infinite Goods: A Framework for Ethics

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195153712
eISBN:
9780199869381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195153715.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Badness is not understood here, in parallel with goodness, as resemblance to a transcendent Bad. Rather it is understood in relation to the Good, as privation of goodness, more gravely as opposition ... More


Impersonality: An Ethical Objection to Absolute Goodness

Richard Kraut

in Against Absolute Goodness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199844463
eISBN:
9780199919550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844463.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers what happens when absolute value points us in one direction but relative value pulls us in the opposite direction—when, for example, there is a conflict between doing what is ... More


How Death Is Bad for Us as Agents

Susanne Burri

in Saving People from the Harm of Death

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190921415
eISBN:
9780190921446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190921415.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

According to the Deprivation Account, a person’s death is bad for her if she would have lived a better life had she not died when she did in fact die. While the Deprivation Account rightly draws our ... More


“Gilding or Staining” the World with “Sentiments” and “Phantasms”

Barry Stroud

in Philosophers Past and Present: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608591
eISBN:
9780191729621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608591.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter asks how Hume can account for our having the thoughts we do about the beauty, deformity, goodness, or badness of various things in the world, given that our feelings or ‘sentiments’ play ... More


Prologue

L.W. Sumner

in Assisted Death: A Study in Ethics and Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199607983
eISBN:
9780191729652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199607983.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter introduces some of the key issues and concepts of the book, including conceptions of death, criteria for determining death, end‐of‐life measures, and definitions of assisted suicide and ... More


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