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Priority to the Least Advantaged

Jonathan Wolff and Avner De-Shalit

in Disadvantage

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199278268
eISBN:
9780191707902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278268.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter explores the implications of ‘priority to the worst off’. It is often argued that such a policy is counter-intuitive in that it can require the diversion of a great deal of resources to ... More


What Is Best and Worst about Scotland

Asifa Hussain and William Miller

in Multicultural Nationalism: Islamophobia, Anglophobia, and Devolution

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199280711
eISBN:
9780191604102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280711.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

When asked what is best or worst about Scotland, one minority places more emphasis on racism, the other on freedom, the friendliness of majority Scots, and the relatively low numbers of ethnic ... More


Modeling Reputations

George J. Mailath and Larry Samuelson

in Repeated Games and Reputations: Long-Run Relationships

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195300796
eISBN:
9780199783700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300796.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter presents an alternative approach to reputations based on a long-lived player who endeavors to separate himself from an undesirable (or inept) type, in contrast to the traditional models ... More


Caring for Patients at the End of Life: Facing an Uncertain Future Together

Timothy Quill

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195139402
eISBN:
9780199999859
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195139402.001.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine and Older People

In this book, the author uses his wide range of clinical experience caring for severely ill patients and their families to illustrate the challenges and potential of end-of-life care. Section One ... More


Odious Debt

Seema Jayachandran and Michael Kremer

in Sovereign Debt at the Crossroads: Challenges and Proposals for Resolving the Third World Debt Crisis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195168006
eISBN:
9780199783458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168003.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses the problem of illegitimate debt from a new angle. Instead of focusing on borrowers, it focuses on the role and incentives of creditors who lend to questionable governments for ... More


Agency and the Imputation of Consequences in Kant's Ethics

Andrews Reath

in Agency and Autonomy in Kant's Moral Theory: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288830
eISBN:
9780191603648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288836.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter analyzes the structure and underlying rationale of Kant's principles of imputation (Zurechnung), with particular concern for his principles governing the moral imputation of bad ... More


 True to Oneself: Sartre's Bad Faith and Freedom

Robert C. Solomon

in Dark Feelings, Grim Thoughts: Experience and Reflection in Camus and Sartre

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195181579
eISBN:
9780199786602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195181573.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Sartre’s Being and Nothingness is one of the great books in philosophy of the 20th century. One of the most excerpted and most discussed sections of that book is the chapter on “Bad Faith”. Sartre’s ... More


 No Way Out: Sartre's No Exit and “Being‐for‐Others”

Robert C. Solomon

in Dark Feelings, Grim Thoughts: Experience and Reflection in Camus and Sartre

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195181579
eISBN:
9780199786602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195181573.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Sartre’s No Exit is a conscientiously trite play that explores some profound truths about what Sartre (in Being and Nothingness) calls Being-for-Others. No Exit presents us with three perverse ... More


The Mailman: Learn and Pass thex Knowledge On

Lynne Dale Halamish and Doron Hermoni

in The Weeping Willow: Encounters with Grief

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195325379
eISBN:
9780199999811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325379.003.0014
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine and Older People

This chapter describes the author's experience in counselling a couple, Judith and Alan, whose daughter was diagnosed with a fatal respiratory disease. Based on his previous experience, the author ... More


Morality

Roger Crisp

in Reasons and the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199290338
eISBN:
9780191710476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290338.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The book opens with the suggestion that a fundamental question in philosophical normative ethics concerns what each of us has reason to do. That leads one immediately into the issue of whether we ... More


The Importance of Bush v. Gore to All Americans

Alan M. Dershowitz

in Supreme Injustice: How the High Court Hijacked Election 2000

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195158076
eISBN:
9780199869848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195158075.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Aims to demonstrate that, during the (Bush vs Gore) US presidential election of 2000, by any reasonable standard of evaluation, the majority justices of the US Supreme Court failed to test the US ... More


The Political Power of Bad Ideas: Networks, Institutions, and the Global Prohibition Wave

Mark Lawrence Schrad

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391237
eISBN:
9780199776856
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391237.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This book looks at an oddity of modern history — the broad diffusion of temperance legislation in the early 20th century — to make a broad argument about how bad policy ideas achieve international ... More


Bad Words

Edwin L. Battistella

in Bad Language: Are Some Words Better than Others?

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172485
eISBN:
9780199788187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172485.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

This chapter explores the relativity of vocabulary choice. Its main goals are both to examine how some words are bad, and to reinforce the view that effective usage is less a matter of permanent ... More


Working-Class Life, Consumer Credit, and the Making of Agency Mail Order

Coopey Richard, Sean O‘Connell, and Dilwyn Porter

in Mail Order Retailing in Britain: A Business and Social History

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198296508
eISBN:
9780191716638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198296508.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter explores the role of the spare-time agent, from the watch club organizer of the late 19th century through to the working housewife and mother a century later. By the end of the 1930s, ... More


Alcoholism

Mike W. Martin

in From Morality to Mental Health: Virtue and Vice in a Therapeutic Culture

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195304718
eISBN:
9780199786572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195304713.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter presents an integrated, moral-therapeutic perspective on alcoholism. Beginning in the mid-1930s, Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) invigorated the therapeutic trend by convincing health ... More


 David Spares an Enemy, Three Times in a Row: Pattern 6

Paul Borgman

in David, Saul, and God: Rediscovering an Ancient Story

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331608
eISBN:
9780199868001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331608.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

In the middle of flight from Saul, which was explored in the prior chapter, David twice has the opportunity to take the king's life but does not do so. Between these paralleled scenes, David spares ... More


The Case against Absolute Goodness Reviewed

Richard Kraut

in Against Absolute Goodness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199844463
eISBN:
9780199919550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844463.003.0028
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter reviews the arguments against absolute goodness. If some things should be valued because they are, quite simply, good, we should be able to say with some confidence what they are. But ... More


Absolute Evil, Relative Goodness

Richard Kraut

in Against Absolute Goodness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199844463
eISBN:
9780199919550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844463.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter begins with a discussion of how the term “absolute goodness” has the potential to mislead us. That questioning whether we should value anything because it is absolutely good, also means ... More


Being Good and Being Goodfor Someone

Richard Kraut

in Against Absolute Goodness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199844463
eISBN:
9780199919550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844463.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter states some premises about the relationship that consists in something's being good for someone and its opposite (something's being bad for someone). First, that there are these two ... More


The Problem of Intelligibility

Richard Kraut

in Against Absolute Goodness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199844463
eISBN:
9780199919550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844463.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In Chapter 6 it was argued that we should not infer from something's being bad for someone that it is bad simpliciter. The example was this: smoking cigarettes might be bad for George, but it would ... More


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