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Temporally Relative Facts and the Argument from Preventability

Michael Tooley

in Time, Tense, and Causation

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250746
eISBN:
9780191598623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250746.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Discusses an argument from preventability to the effect that the past and the present are real, while the future is not. The argument draws on an analysis of ‘It is a fact that p at time t’ as ‘p, ... More


What Would Teleological Causation Be? 1

John Hawthorne

in Metaphysical Essays

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199291236
eISBN:
9780191710612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291236.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins by identifying three features of Aristotle's teleology, and more generally of an Aristotelian frame of mind about teleology, that may induce suspicion. The first is that an end ... More


Causal Paradoxes

Ryan Wasserman

in Paradoxes of Time Travel

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198793335
eISBN:
9780191841989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198793335.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Chapter 5 surveys the various causal paradoxes of time travel. Section 1 introduces the concept of a causal loop and reviews some of the standard arguments against backward causation. Sections 2 ... More


Time

Richard Swinburne

in The Christian God

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235125
eISBN:
9780191598579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235127.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Everything that happens, happens over a period of time, and never at an instant. Time must have a topology, but it only has a metric if there are laws of nature. The future is what we can causally ... More


The Possibility of Posthumous Harm

T. M. Wilkinson

in Ethics and the Acquisition of Organs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199607860
eISBN:
9780191731747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199607860.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Why should the wishes of the dead be given weight? An intellectually satisfying answer requires drawing on and applying the substantial philosophical literature on the possibility of posthumous harm. ... More


Causal Loops

Michael Dummett

in The Seas of Language

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236214
eISBN:
9780191597350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236212.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

What is our conception of the temporal priority of cause over effect? It is that a causal chain runs always in the earlier‐to‐later direction. Each link in the chain is a process, whose initiation is ... More


Teleology and Organisms i: General Principles

Monte Ransome Johnson

in Aristotle on Teleology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199285303
eISBN:
9780191603143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285306.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Elements compose organic bodies, including tissues (homogenous bodies) and organs (heterogeneous bodies), and in so doing are for the sake of the whole organism of which they are the transformed ... More


Backward Subjunctive Conditionals

Jonathan Bennett

in A Philosophical Guide to Conditionals

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199258871
eISBN:
9780191597046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258872.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Criticism of a popular argument for refusing to allow backward subjunctives conditionals, i.e. ones whose consequent pertains to a time earlier than that of the antecedent; and of accounts of such ... More


The Paradoxes of Time Travel

David Lewis

in Philosophical Papers Volume II

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195036466
eISBN:
9780199833399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195036468.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This paper argues that time travel is possible, and that the paradoxes of time travel are oddities, not impossibilities. The defence of the possibility of time travel involves a commitment to ... More


Omnipotent

Richard Swinburne

in The Coherence of Theism: Second Edition

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198779698
eISBN:
9780191825972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198779698.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Both simultaneous and backward causation are logically impossible. S is omnipotent during some period of time T iff, in each sub-period within T, S knows of all logically necessary propositions and ... More


The Limited Compatibilism of Epiphenomenalism with Responsibility

Michael S. Moore

in Mechanical Choices: The Responsibility of the Human Machine

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190863999
eISBN:
9780190864026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190863999.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

The second response to the epiphenomenal challenge is to deny that epiphenomenalism has any implications that are skeptical of responsibility. Such a compatibilist response is seemingly ruled out by ... More


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