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Measuring chronic pain in populations

Clermont E. Dionne

in Chronic Pain Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199235766
eISBN:
9780191594816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235766.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews ways in which chronic pain has been measured in epidemiological studies. It summarizes a simple approach which emphasizes the need for core standard definitions to describe pain ... More


Can we change a population’s perspective on pain?

Rachelle Buchbinder

in Chronic Pain Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199235766
eISBN:
9780191594816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235766.003.0025
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Social marketing (also known as public health interventions/campaigns, public education campaigns, and mass media campaigns) involves the systematic application of marketing along with other concepts ... More


Pain in children

Gareth T. Jones and Adriana Paola Botello

in Chronic Pain Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199235766
eISBN:
9780191594816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235766.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the epidemiology of pain in children. It summarizes key data in the field, focusing on three of the most common childhood pains: low back pain, abdominal pain, and headache. It ... More


Measuring the impact of chronic pain on populations: a narrative review

Heiner Raspe

in Chronic Pain Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199235766
eISBN:
9780191594816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235766.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

To become relevant from a population and social medicine perspective, a chronic disorder and its implications and consequences must become clinically or otherwise visible, interfere with social roles ... More


Musculoskeletal Disorders

Thomas Läubli and Craig Karpilow

in Global Occupational Health

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195380002
eISBN:
9780199893881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380002.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Musculoskeletal disorders are a very common and distinct form of injuries affecting the musculoskeletal system in that they develop over a period of time with repeated strain, usually due to adverse ... More


Genuine, Suppressed, and Faked Facial Behavior During Exacerbation of Chronic Low Back Pain

Kenneth D. Craig, Susan A. Hyde, and Christopher J. Patrick

in What the Face Reveals: Basic and Applied Studies of Spontaneous Expression Using the Facial Action Coding System (FACS)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195179644
eISBN:
9780199847044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179644.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The chapter reports a study that provided an opportunity to examine the impact of voluntary control over facial activity on the response to painful events. It specifically examines the relationship ... More


History Taking Skills

Gautam Mehta, Bilal Iqbal, and Deborah Bowman

in Clinical Medicine for the MRCP PACES: Volume 2: History-Taking, Communication and Ethics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199557493
eISBN:
9780191917820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199557493.003.0008
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Recent years have seen a shift in the perception of communication skills from being considered subjective personal traits, to an objective, evidence-based curriculum of skills and techniques. This ... More


Gaining Courage and Trust: Yoga for Advanced and Professional Musicians

Lesley S. McAllister

in Yoga in the Music Studio

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190915001
eISBN:
9780197544020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190915001.003.0006
Subject:
Music, Performing Practice/Studies

Chapter Six is intended for advanced musicians, from college students up to professionals, as well as professors who teach at the college level. For professionals, constant travel and the stress of ... More


Headaches and Chronic Pain

Michael R. Clark

in Psychiatric Aspects of Neurologic Diseases: Practical approaches to patient care

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195309430
eISBN:
9780197562451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195309430.003.0012
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Pain has been defined as ‘‘an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage’’ (Lindblom et al., 1986). Table ... More


Musculoskeletal Disorders

Carisa Harris-Adamson, Stephen S. Bao, and Bradley Evanoff

in Occupational and Environmental Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190662677
eISBN:
9780190662707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662677.003.0023
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter describes the nature and magnitude of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs) and their prevention and control. The incidence and severity of musculoskeletal disorders is ... More


Brief Clinical Consultations: General Approach to Brief Clinical Consultations

Gautam Mehta and Bilal Iqbal

in Clinical Medicine for the MRCP PACES: Volume 1: Core Clinical Skills

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199542550
eISBN:
9780191917738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199542550.003.0012
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

The new Station 5, Integrative Clinical Assessment involves two 10-minute encounters, each known as a ‘Brief Clinical Consultation’. Following an introductory referral, the candidate has 8 minutes ... More


Chronic pain

Caroline Whymark, Ross Junkin, and Judith Ramsey

in SBAs for the Final FRCA

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198803294
eISBN:
9780191917172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803294.003.0016
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

To pass the written part of the FRCA, candidates must achieve the pass mark for the SAQs and the MCQ/ SBA papers combined. Therefore, doing particularly well in one paper, or one area, can ... More


What’s the Prognosis?

Daniel J. Wallace and Janice Brock Wallace

in All About Fibromyalgia: A Guide for Patients and their Families

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195147537
eISBN:
9780197561843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195147537.003.0037
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Rheumatology

When patients are diagnosed with fibromyalgia, one of their first questions to us relates to its outcome. “Is there hope, doc?” and “Will the pain ever go away?” are two of the more common queries ... More


Acquired spinal conditions in humans: the roles of spinal curvature, the shape of the lumbar vertebrae, and evolutionary history

Kimberly A. Plomp, Ella Been, and Mark Collard

in Palaeopathology and Evolutionary Medicine: An Integrated Approach

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
June 2022
ISBN:
9780198849711
eISBN:
9780191884184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198849711.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Back pain has serious impacts on individual people and society, but its causes remain poorly understood. One long-standing hypothesis contends that many common back problems may be due at least ... More


Rheumatology

Ricky Sinharay

in Oxford Assess and Progress: Clinical Medicine

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198812968
eISBN:
9780191917226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812968.003.0017
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

This specialty has been described by the British Society of Rheumatology as the ‘branch of medicine that deals with the investigation, diagnosis, and management of patients with arthritis and other ... More


Neurosurgery

Caroline Whymark, Ross Junkin, and Judith Ramsey

in SBAs for the Final FRCA

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198803294
eISBN:
9780191917172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803294.003.0012
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

To pass the written part of the FRCA, candidates must achieve the pass mark for the SAQs and the MCQ/ SBA papers combined. Therefore, doing particularly well in one paper, or one area, can ... More


Are You Sure It’s Really Fibromyalgia?

Daniel J. Wallace and Janice Brock Wallace

in All About Fibromyalgia: A Guide for Patients and their Families

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195147537
eISBN:
9780197561843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195147537.003.0025
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Rheumatology

A week doesn’t go by without a patient wanting my reassurance that he or she is not seriously ill or making it all up. “Are you just telling me it’s fibromyalgia because you don’t want me to be ... More


Questions

Sri G. Thrumurthy, Tania Samantha De Silva, Zia Moinuddin, and Stuart Enoch

in SBA MCQs for the MRCS Part A

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199645633
eISBN:
9780191918193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199645633.003.0007
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Basic sciences: Applied anatomy Which among the following statements regarding the functions of the extraocular muscles is incorrect? The inferior oblique muscle abducts the eye and moves it ... More


Poor urinary output

Hugo Farne, Edward Norris-Cervetto, and James Warbrick-Smith

in Oxford Cases in Medicine and Surgery

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198716228
eISBN:
9780191916809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198716228.003.0028
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Surgery

You should ask the nurse: • What the trend is in urine output—has it been gradually decreasing, or suddenly stopped? If the latter, have they checked if the urinary catheter is blocked by ... More


Exam 3

Rebecca Hanlon, John Curtis, Hulya Wieshmann, David White, Caren Landes, and Val Gough

in Long Cases for the Final FRCR 2B

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199590001
eISBN:
9780199590001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199590001.003.0007
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Case 3.1 Clinical details A 35-year-old female patient with a short history of progressive shortness of breath and dry cough. Imaging Chest radiograph. Axial HRCT chest, supine ... More


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