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 Religious Antiglobalism

Mark Juergensmeyer

in Religion in Global Civil Society

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195188356
eISBN:
9780199785247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188356.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This essay explores the rise, characteristics, and agendas of religious antiglobalism movements. Using al-Qaeda and Ayatollah Khomeini as key examples, it describes how anti-secular, anti-Western ... More


Iran

Paul Marshall and Nina Shea

in Silenced: How Apostasy and Blasphemy Codes are Choking Freedom Worldwide

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812264
eISBN:
9780199919383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812264.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Since its 1979 revolution, Iran has suppressed its population in the name of enforcing the state's religious orthodoxy. Private attacks on those deemed religiously deviant are relatively scarce, but ... More


Freedom of Speech

Anne Norton

in On the Muslim Question

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157047
eISBN:
9781400846351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157047.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines how the Muslim question has been linked to the question of freedom of speech. A clash of civilizations that saw the West as the realm of enlightenment, and Muslims in the realm ... More


Patriotic Ayatollahs: Nationalism in Post-Saddam Iraq

Caroleen Marji Sayej

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781501715211
eISBN:
9781501714856
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501715211.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

Patriotic Ayatollahs explores the contributions of the Grand Ayatollahs to the process of state and nation-building after the 2003 Iraq war. These figures, the so-called Grand Ayatollahs, the ... More


In a Pure Muslim Land: Shi'ism between Pakistan and the Middle East

Simon Wolfgang Fuchs

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781469649795
eISBN:
9781469649818
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469649795.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Religion

Centering Pakistan in a story of transnational Islam stretching from South Asia to the Middle East, Simon Wolfgang Fuchs offers the first in-depth ethnographic history of the intellectual production ... More


Analysis of Khomeini's Proofs for al-Wilaya al-Mutalqa (Comprehensive Authority) of the Jurist

Hamid Mavani

in The Most Learned of the Shiʿa: The Institution of the Marjaʿ Taqlid

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195137996
eISBN:
9780199849055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137996.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Ayatollah Khomeini's objective was to eliminate any restrictions to the ulama's power, so that their authority would be equal to that of the Prophet and the Hidden Imam. This chapter examines the ... More


Islamization: The Tarboosh and the Beard

Patrick D. Gaffney

in The Prophet's Pulpit: Islamic Preaching in Contemporary Egypt

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520084711
eISBN:
9780520914582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520084711.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Middle Eastern Cultural Anthropology

The organization which became known as Jamā'at al-Takfir wa al-Hijira (Society of Repudiation and Holy Flight) was a relatively small extremist group that carried out one of the most daring assaults ... More


The Islamization of the Iranian Revolution

Manlio Graziano

in Holy Wars and Holy Alliance: The Return of Religion to the Global Political Stage

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231174626
eISBN:
9780231543910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231174626.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter explains the likely reasons for the ayatollahs' victory in Iran in 1979


The Danger of Music and the Case for Control

Richard Taruskin

in The Danger of Music and Other Anti-Utopian Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520249776
eISBN:
9780520942790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520249776.003.0026
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This chapter discusses how music was treated in different countries for example by the Taliban and in Afghanistan. In Afghanistan music was totally banned, whereas in other countries music was under ... More


Projections and Receptions of Religious Authority: Grand Ayatollahs and Pakistan’s Shiʿi “Periphery”

Simon Wolfgang Fuchs

in In a Pure Muslim Land: Shi'ism between Pakistan and the Middle East

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781469649795
eISBN:
9781469649818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469649795.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter investigates the arguments exchanged about a lay believer’s obligation to emulate a high-ranking scholar (marji‘) in his daily conduct (taqlid). The findings question the view of ... More


Popular Nonsense

Alireza Doostdar

in The Iranian Metaphysicals: Explorations in Science, Islam, and the Uncanny

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780691163772
eISBN:
9781400889785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163772.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines a range of competing discourses and sensibilities that circulate around the figure of the rammal. As a social type, the rammal is elusive and contradictory. Most people condemn ... More


Empirical Spirits

Alireza Doostdar

in The Iranian Metaphysicals: Explorations in Science, Islam, and the Uncanny

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780691163772
eISBN:
9781400889785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163772.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines some of the earliest attempts at synthesizing theological speculation with the methods of the empirical sciences, drawing special attention to the epistemic and moral ... More


The Iranian Revolution

Milo Jones and Philippe Silberzahn

in Constructing Cassandra: Reframing Intelligence Failure at the CIA, 1947-2001

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804785808
eISBN:
9780804787154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785808.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter presents an overview of the CIA's analysis of events in Iran that led to the Islamic revolution in 1978–79. It first documents the scale and scope of the intelligence failure concerning ... More


Local and Regional Sectarian Narratives

Caroleen Marji Sayej

in Patriotic Ayatollahs: Nationalism in Post-Saddam Iraq

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781501715211
eISBN:
9781501714856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501715211.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

This chapter challenges the narrative that conflict in Iraq was sectarian in nature. Conflict was the product of local and regional sectarian narratives that dominated the Iraqi landscape, and helped ... More


Salman Rushdie, The Satanic Verses

Annabel Patterson

in The International Novel

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300198003
eISBN:
9780300210408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300198003.003.0010
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter offers a reading of Salman Rushdie's 1988 novel The Satanic Verses, which tackles the basis of the great world religions, especially Islam. The novel raised the stakes of ... More


The Internationalisms of the Iranian Revolution

Matthew K. Shannon

in Losing Hearts and Minds: American-Iranian Relations and International Education during the Cold War

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781501713132
eISBN:
9781501709708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501713132.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The conclusion studies the groups of U.S.-trained revolutionaries that returned to Iran to contribute to the overthrow of the shah and the establishment of the Islamic Republic.


Iran, 1979

Zoltan Barany

in How Armies Respond to Revolutions and Why

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691157368
eISBN:
9781400880997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157368.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter explains why Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi’s Imperial Armed Forces (IAF) were unwilling or unable to prop up the crumbling edifice of his regime. It draws on the main contours of the ... More


“Let’s Find a Way to Go after Them”: The Fadlallah Affair and the Achille Lauro Hijacking, 1985

Christopher J. Fuller

in See It/Shoot It: The Secret History of the CIA's Lethal Drone Program

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300218541
eISBN:
9780300227673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300218541.003.0004
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter challenges the perception that the CIA has become militarized as a result of the War on Terror. It explains that the agency's role as the United States' vanguard in its violent ... More


From World War I to the Present

D. T. Potts

in Nomadism in Iran: From Antiquity to the Modern Era

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199330799
eISBN:
9780199366842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199330799.003.0009
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

Fierce rivalry between the Bakhtiyari and the Qashqa’i made southern Iran highly unstable and the nomadic factor in this area was important during World War I. Tribes were virtually autonomous in ... More


Thinking the Unthinkable: The Revolutionary Movement in Iran

Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi

in Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution After the Enlightenment

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780816699483
eISBN:
9781452955254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816699483.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The chapter draws a detailed picture of how the revolutionary movements in Iran began and the contingencies within which it unfolded. It highlights its religious character and shows how that ... More


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