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Axon Models

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The Axon model simulates the equations and parameters derived from experiments by Hodgkin and Huxley on the squid giant axon. Because of the exact correspondence between the equations incorporated ... More


Equations Underlying the Axon Models

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The Axon models present the fundamental concepts that underlie the generation and propagation of the nerve impulses. This chapter includes a complete list of the equations that describe the ... More


Introduction

Roger D. Roger and Miles A. Whittington

in Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195342796
eISBN:
9780199776276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342796.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

In a previous monograph, the authors described an experimental model of the 40 Hz oscillations produced in vivo by visual stimulation. The model involved tetanic stimulation of one or two sites in a ... More


Abnormal excitability in injured axons

MARSHALL DEVOR

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0027
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses the abnormal excitability of injured axons. Injured axons display abnormal hyperexcitability. This is expressed in the form of abnormal sensitivity to a broad range of ... More


Morphology of central nervous system axons

ASAO HIRANO and JOSEFINA F. LLENA

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses the fundamental structure of the normal central myelinated axons, as revealed by transmission electron microscopy. Topics covered include the relationship between myelin and ... More


Physiology of axons

J. MURDOCH RITCHIE

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses axonal physiology. Topics covered include the energetic aspects of conduction, ionic basis of the nerve impulse, conduction velocity in axons, inhomogeneity of channel ... More


The oligodendrocyte, the perinodal astrocyte, and the central node of Ranvier

JOEL A. BLACK, HARALD SONTHEIMER, YOUNGSUK OH, and STEPHEN G. WAXMAN

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

The central role of Ranvier is a complex structure involves three cellular elements: the axon, the oligodendrocyte, and the perinodal astrocyte. This chapter examines the interaction of these three ... More


Introduction

L. S. Illis

in Spinal Cord Dysfunction: Volume II: Intervention and Treatment

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192617873
eISBN:
9780191724312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192617873.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter focuses on various approaches to intervention and treatment of spinal chord dysfunction. The main research drive towards a cure for spinal injury will undoubtedly have an effect on the ... More


The Relationship between Dopaminergic Axons and Glutamatergic Synapses in the Striatum: Structural Considerations

Jonathan Moss and J. Paul Bolam

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

This chapter summarizes data on the anatomical substrate of the interaction between both glutamatergic corticostriatal synapses and thalamostriatal synapses with dopaminergic axons and terminals in ... More


Physiology: The Action Potential

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Creating Modern Neuroscience: The Revolutionary 1950s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391503
eISBN:
9780199863464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391503.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter details early studies on signals in the nervous system. Different parts of the nervous system are interconnected by long fibers called “axons,” which enable them to function together to ... More


Interoception and Homeostasis: Lamina I Terminations at Cardiorespiratory Sites in the Brainstem

A. D. (Bud) Craig

in How Do You Feel?: An Interoceptive Moment with Your Neurobiological Self

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156767
eISBN:
9781400852727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156767.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Neurobiology

This chapter examines the regions in the brainstem where the ascending lamina I axons terminate. These projection targets are all involved in homeostasis, and thus, these terminations confirm that ... More


Stochastic Simulation of Neurons, Axons, and Action Potentials

A. Aldo Faisal

in Stochastic Methods in Neuroscience

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199235070
eISBN:
9780191715778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235070.003.0011
Subject:
Mathematics, Biostatistics

Variability is inherent in neurons. To account for variability we have to make use of stochastic models. We will take a look at this biologically more rigorous approach by studying the fundamental ... More


The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Stephen G. Waxman, Jeffery D. Kocsis, and Peter K. Stys (eds)

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

The axon, which is interposed between the cell body and the synaptic terminals in most neurons, plays a crucial role in connecting neurons and acting as a conduit for the transmission of information ... More


Basis of the Nerve Impulse

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The rapid conduction of signals by neurons over distances greater than about 1 mm occurs almost exclusively by electrical impulses. This chapter presents the fundamental concepts that underlie the ... More


From Development to Degeneration and Regeneration of the Nervous System

Charles E. Ribak, Carlos Aramburo de la Hoz, Edward G. Jones, Jorge A. Larriva Sahd, and Larry W. Swanson (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195369007
eISBN:
9780199865253
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369007.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

This book describes current information about the three areas mentioned in the title: neuronal migration and development, degenerative brain diseases, and neural plasticity and regeneration. The ... More


Voltage-gated ion channels in axons: Localization, function, and development

STEPHEN G. WAXMAN

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses the molecular architecture of the cell membrane of mammalian axons. It focuses on the distribution and development of voltage-gated ion channels, their roles in axonal ... More


Modulation of axonal excitability by neurotransmitter receptors

JEFFERY D. KOCSIS and KAORU SAKATANI

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter describes axonal regions in the mammalian nervous system that have well-defined neurotransmitter receptors and discusses their possible functional significance. It focuses on the axonal ... More


Mechanisms of accommodation and adaptation in myelinated axons

HUGH BOSTOCK

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses accommodation in the nonspecialized parts of the axons of peripheral nerve. The term “accommodation” is taken to embrace both the processes that oppose the increase in axonal ... More


Electrophysiological approaches to the study of axons

PETER K. STYS and JEFFERY D. KOCSIS

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses the theory and practice of some of the more common techniques devised for recording electrical activity in single axons or fiber bundles. It focuses on electrophysiological ... More


Reaction of the neuronal cell body to axonal damage

GEORG W. KREUTZBERG

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses the reaction of neurons to axonal damage. Axonal injury, which can occur following trauma, compression, or inflammation leads to a characteristic retrograde reaction in the ... More


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