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Logic

Michael Potter

in Set Theory and its Philosophy: A Critical Introduction

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199269730
eISBN:
9780191699443
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269730.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This book consists in very large part of an exposition of a mathematical theory — the theory (or a theory) of sets. This exposition has at its core a sequence of proofs designed to establish ... More


Introduction

Bernt P. Stigum

in Econometrics in a Formal Science of Economics: Theory and the Measurement of Economic Relations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028585
eISBN:
9780262323109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028585.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Chapter I begins by describing the salient parts of a formal science of economics that the author has put together in this book and in earlier works (B.P. Stigum 1990 and 2003). The parts comprise a ... More


The Framework

Sabina Alkire, James Foster, Suman Seth, Maria Emma Santos, José Manuel Roche, and Paola Ballón

in Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199689491
eISBN:
9780191793745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689491.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter introduces the notation and basic concepts that are used throughout the book. The chapter has five sections. First it reviews unidimensional poverty measurement with particular attention ... More


Inferences

Ettore Casari

in Bolzano's Logical System

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198788294
eISBN:
9780191830228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198788294.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

In this chapter, the Bolzanian system of inferences, i.e. of propositions asserting the subsistence of the relation of derivability among other propositions, is developed in detail. A particularly ... More


Causal Strength

Jan Sprenger and Stephan Hartmann

in Bayesian Philosophy of Science

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780199672110
eISBN:
9780191881671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199672110.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The question “When is C a cause of E?” is well-studied in philosophy—much more than the equally important issue of quantifying the causal strength between C and E. In this chapter, we transfer ... More


Confirmation and Induction

Jan Sprenger and Stephan Hartmann

in Bayesian Philosophy of Science

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780199672110
eISBN:
9780191881671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199672110.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Confirmation of scientific theories by empirical evidence is an important element of scientific reasoning and a central topic in philosophy of science. Bayesian Confirmation Theory—the analysis of ... More


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