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Conclusion: Framing, Irreplaceability, and the Ineliminability of Contingency

Mathew Humphrey

in Preservation Versus the People?: Nature, Humanity, and Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242672
eISBN:
9780191599514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242674.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Here the threads of the previous chapters are pulled together, and problems posed in the putative relationship between ontology and axiology are considered. A serious problem with ecocentric argument ... More


Translation, Interpretation, Canon Formation *

Lawrence Venuti

in Translation and the Classic: Identity as Change in the History of Culture

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199288076
eISBN:
9780191713439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288076.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter construes the term ‘classic’ as a decision regarding the canonicity of a text based on a particular interpretation. A semiotic approach reveals translation to be a second-order sign ... More


Welfarism

Nils Holtug

in Persons, Interests, and Justice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580170
eISBN:
9780191722707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580170.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

In this chapter, the focus is on the importance of self‐interest for axiological aspects of morality and justice. According to the theory about self‐interest defended in chapter 4, the Prudential ... More


Mullā Ṣadrā's Theory of Knowledge and the Unification Argument

Ibrahim Kalin

in Knowledge in Later Islamic Philosophy: Mulla Ṣadrā on Existence, Intellect, and Intuition

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199735242
eISBN:
9780199852772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735242.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter is devoted to a detailed analysis of Ṣadrā's theory of knowledge. As Ṣadrā insists on the principiality of existence in all philosophical problems, it begins with a survey of his ... More


Is There a Value Problem?

Jason Baehr

in Epistemic Value

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231188
eISBN:
9780191710827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231188.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

According to the ‘value problem’ in epistemology, any plausible analysis of knowledge must imply that knowledge is always more valuable than mere true belief. In this chapter it is argued that the ... More


Egalitarianism and Population Change

Gustaf Arrhenius

in Intergenerational Justice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199282951
eISBN:
9780191712319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282951.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, General

What is the role of equality in the evaluation of populations of different sizes in respect to their goodness? The field of population ethics has been riddled with paradoxes which purport to show ... More


Teleology and the Cosmos

Monte Ransome Johnson

in Aristotle on Teleology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199285303
eISBN:
9780191603143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285306.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Aristotle’s cosmos consists of natural substances, each with its own proper functions, motions, and ends. To this extent, his cosmos is teleological. But there is no overall or cosmic teleology in a ... More


Conclusion

Monte Ransome Johnson

in Aristotle on Teleology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199285303
eISBN:
9780191603143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285306.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Aristotle’s teleological explanations are most successful in the domain of living things, and there is good reason to think that organisms are the objects of his most important teleological remarks. ... More


Teleological Notions

Monte Ransome Johnson

in Aristotle on Teleology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199285303
eISBN:
9780191603143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285306.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The key term of Aristotle’s teleology is “the cause for the sake of which”. Aristotle discusses in several key texts (Physics, On the Soul, Metaphysics, Eudemian Ethics) the fact that this has two ... More


Realism in Methodology

Ilkka Niiniluoto

in Critical Scientific Realism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251612
eISBN:
9780191598098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251614.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Methodological realism accepts the axiological view that truth is one of the essential aims of science. Following Popper and Levi, truthlikeness as the aim of science, combines the goals of truth and ... More


The Best Expression of Welfarism 1

Christian Coons

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics: Volume 2

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662951
eISBN:
9780191745195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662951.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Welfarism is a general view about value and the foundations of morality: it is the view that only well-being is intrinsically valuable, and nothing but well-being matters, basically or ultimately, ... More


Paradoxical Emotion: On Sui Generis Emotional Irrationality

Ronald de Sousa

in Weakness of Will and Practical Irrationality

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199257362
eISBN:
9780191601842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257361.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Weakness of will violates practical rationality; but may also be viewed as an epistemic failing. Conflicts between strategic and epistemic rationality suggest that we need a superordinate standard to ... More


Right and Good

John Broome

in Weighing Lives

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199243761
eISBN:
9780191602900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924376X.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers how far what one ought to do when facing a decision of life and death is determined by the goodness of the distribution that will result. It defines, examines and assesses the ... More


Problems about Beauty and Justice

Fred Feldman

in Pleasure and the Good Life: Concerning the Nature Varieties and Plausibility of Hedonism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199265169
eISBN:
9780191601385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926516X.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Contains the author's replies to the last remaining objections to hedonism—Moore's objection concerning ‘the heap of filth’ and Ross's objection concerning worlds in which pleasure is enjoyed by the ... More


Themes and Puzzles

Fred Feldman

in Pleasure and the Good Life: Concerning the Nature Varieties and Plausibility of Hedonism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199265169
eISBN:
9780191601385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926516X.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Contains a review of the main themes of the book and a description of my vision of the Good Life. It also contains an admission of some of the puzzles left unsolved here. Among the main themes are: ... More


But is it Really “Hedonism”?

Fred Feldman

in Pleasure and the Good Life: Concerning the Nature Varieties and Plausibility of Hedonism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199265169
eISBN:
9780191601385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926516X.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Curious readers might wonder if some of the axiological theories discussed in this book have been stretched so far that it is no longer appropriate to categorize them as forms of hedonism. This ... More


Plato

Filippo Del Lucchese

in Monstrosity and Philosophy: Radical Otherness in Greek and Latin Culture

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474456203
eISBN:
9781474476935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474456203.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Grounded on the reading of Timeus, book X of The Laws, and book V of The Republic, this chapter analyses the process of invention of idealism, which consists first and foremost in the subordination ... More


C. S. Peirce and the Nested Continua Model of Religious Interpretation

Gary Slater

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198753230
eISBN:
9780191814846
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198753230.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

The writings of the American pragmatist thinker Charles S. Peirce (1839–1914) provide resources for a hermeneutical model called the nested continua model of religious interpretation. A diagrammatic ... More


Moral Aggregation

Iwao Hirose

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199933686
eISBN:
9780199398324
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199933686.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Aggregation is one of the fundamental features of utilitarianism and other forms of axiological theories, permitting the trade-off of morally relevant factors between different individuals. It is ... More


Weighing and Reasoning: Themes from the Philosophy of John Broome

Iwao Hirose and Andrew Reisner (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199684908
eISBN:
9780191765223
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684908.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

John Broome, White’s Professor of Moral Philosophy at Oxford University, has made major contributions to, and radical innovations in, contemporary moral philosophy. His research combines the formal ... More


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