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Justification without Awareness: A Defense of Epistemic Externalism

Michael Bergmann

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199275748
eISBN:
9780191603907
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199275742.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Virtually all philosophers agree that for a belief to be epistemically justified, it must satisfy certain conditions. Perhaps it must be supported by evidence, or perhaps it must be reliably formed, ... More


Plotinus on Intellect

Eyjólfur Kjalar Emilsson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199281701
eISBN:
9780191713088
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199281701.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This book focuses on Plotinus' notion of Intellect. Intellect comes second in Plotinus' hierarchical model of reality, after the One, which is an unknowable first cause of everything. Intellect is ... More


The Curse of the Self: Self-Awareness, Egotism, and the Quality of Human Life

Mark R. Leary

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172423
eISBN:
9780199786756
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172423.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Human beings are unique in their ability to think consciously about themselves. Because they have a capacity for self-awareness not shared by other animals, people can imagine themselves in the ... More


The Reflective Life: Living Wisely With Our Limits

Valerie Tiberius

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199202867
eISBN:
9780191707988
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202867.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

How should you live? Should you devote yourself to perfecting a single talent or try to live a balanced life? Should you lighten up and have more fun, or buckle down and try to achieve greatness? ... More


Who Knew?: Responsibility Without Awareness

George Sher

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195389197
eISBN:
9780199866724
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389197.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

To be responsible for their acts, agents must both act voluntarily and in some sense know what they are doing. Of these requirements, the voluntariness condition has been much discussed, but the ... More


Self and World

Quassim Cassam

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238959
eISBN:
9780191597176
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238959.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The thesis of this book is that it is a necessary condition of self‐consciousness that one is intuitively aware of oneself, qua subject, as a physical object. Intuitive awareness of oneself as a ... More


The Evolution of the Soul

Richard Swinburne

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236986
eISBN:
9780191598593
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236980.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Part 1 (Chs. 2–7) argues that mental events (consisting in the instantiation of mental properties – sensations, thoughts, purposes, desires, and beliefs) are distinct from physical events (such as ... More


Perception and Reason

Bill Brewer

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250455
eISBN:
9780191597114
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250456.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Discusses the role of conscious experiences in the acquisition of empirical knowledge. Most epistemology of perception takes a person's possession of beliefs about the mind‐independent world for ... More


Agent's Awareness and Knowledge of Our Mental Actions

Lucy O'Brien

in Self-Knowing Agents

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199261482
eISBN:
9780191718632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261482.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter attempted to characterize the nature of an agent's awareness. It argues that an agent's awareness is a familiar feature of active psychological phenomena rather than passive ones, and is ... More


 Building Civic Skills

Michael W. Foley and Dean R. Hoge

in Religion and the New Immigrants: Social Capital, Identity, and Civic Engagement

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195188707
eISBN:
9780199785315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188707.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Most communities encourage lay involvement in worship and leadership, thereby teaching civic skills. Smaller Protestant churches, Hindu ashrams, Sikh congregations, and even some activist Catholic ... More


Charting the Information Field: Cult‐Watching Groups and the Construction of Images of New Religious Movements

Eileen Barker

in Teaching New Religious Movements

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195177299
eISBN:
9780199785537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177299.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter presents an exercise in the practical application of the sociology of knowledge, the key question being the variety of often-conflicting descriptions that are publicly available on the ... More


Mindreading: An Integrated Account of Pretence, Self-Awareness, and Understanding Other Minds

Shaun Nichols and Stephen P. Stich

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198236108
eISBN:
9780191600920
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236107.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This volume defends an integrated account of the psychological mechanisms underlying “mindreading,” the commonplace capacity to understand the mind. The authors maintain that it is, as commonsense ... More


An event of which one is the subject: general

J. M. Hinton

in Experiences: An Inquiry into Some Ambiguities

Published in print:
1973
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198244035
eISBN:
9780191680717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244035.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses an event of which one is the subject. It has three components, three requirements, in the idea of ‘the subject of an event’ here. In the first place, whoever is reported as ... More


Things that you can experience, but that can also happen to you without your experiencing them

J. M. Hinton

in Experiences: An Inquiry into Some Ambiguities

Published in print:
1973
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198244035
eISBN:
9780191680717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244035.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter states that it characteristically requires the grammatical subject of an event to be in some sense its conscious subject, before it calls the event an experience in the ordinary ... More


Is Liberalism Environment‐Friendly?

Avner de‐Shalit

in The Environment Between Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240388
eISBN:
9780191599033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240388.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

What kind of theory should and can we use to persuade others of the importance of environment‐friendly policies? More precisely, in what sense is liberalism environment friendly and in what sense is ... More


Political Behavior: Reasoning Voters and Multi‐Party Systems

Franz Urban Pappi

in A New Handbook of Political Science

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294719
eISBN:
9780191599361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294719.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

Advances a model of voting in multi‐party systems in the light of existing theory and research, with the addition of a mediating variable––party preference profiles. This variable serves as a link ... More


A Dilemma for Internalism

Michael Bergmann

in Justification without Awareness: A Defense of Epistemic Externalism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199275748
eISBN:
9780191603907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199275742.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

According to internalists, for a belief to be justified it is not enough that it has certain virtues (such as being reliably formed or supported by the evidence), the person holding it must be aware ... More


No Escape

Michael Bergmann

in Justification without Awareness: A Defense of Epistemic Externalism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199275748
eISBN:
9780191603907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199275742.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Internalists are typically careful to design their views to escape the famous dilemma for foundationalism posed by Wilfrid Sellars. Because the Sellarsian dilemma is similar in ways to the dilemma ... More


Introduction

John Foster

in The Nature of Perception

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237693
eISBN:
9780191597442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237693.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The broad representative theory (BRT) claims that, whenever someone perceives a physical item, his perceptual contact with it is psychologically mediated, i.e. it is constituted by the combination of ... More


Interest, Knowledge, and Participation

Jean Blondel, Richard Sinnott, and Palle Svensson

in People and Parliament in the European Union: Participation, Democracy, and Legitimacy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293088
eISBN:
9780191598814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293089.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Deals with the cognitive dimension of orientations to European integration and the European institutions, focusing on awareness, interest, and knowledge. It concludes by examining the bivariate ... More


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