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Bracing for Armageddon?: The Science and Politics of Bioterrorism in America

William R Clark

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336214
eISBN:
9780199868537
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336214.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Over the past two decades, an enormous effort has been mounted by numerous federal and state agencies to prepare America to defend against the possibility of a catastrophic bioterrorist attack. This ... More


Physiological Adaptations for Breeding in Birds

Tony D. Williams

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139821
eISBN:
9781400842797
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139821.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This book is an up-to-date and comprehensive account of research on avian reproduction. It develops two unique themes: the consideration of female avian reproductive physiology and ecology, and an ... More


Introduction

Tony D. Williams

in Physiological Adaptations for Breeding in Birds

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139821
eISBN:
9781400842797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139821.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the book's main themes. This book is primarily about physiological mechanisms, but it also addresses the specific question of what we know about the ... More


Trade-Offs and Carry-Over Effects

Tony D. Williams

in Physiological Adaptations for Breeding in Birds

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139821
eISBN:
9781400842797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139821.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter first reviews the evidence for interactions between life-history stages, centering this around reproduction itself: the intention is to put reproduction in the context of the complete ... More


Conclusions

Tony D. Williams

in Physiological Adaptations for Breeding in Birds

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139821
eISBN:
9781400842797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139821.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This concluding chapter summarizes key themes and identifies four important, overriding concepts that have emerged from this book. First, a common conclusion of many ecological and evolutionary ... More


The Ultimate Bioterrorist: Mother Nature!

William R. Clark

in Bracing for Armageddon?: The Science and Politics of Bioterrorism in America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336214
eISBN:
9780199868537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336214.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The greatest threat we face from biological agents of death today is not from humans – it is from nature itself. A bioterrorist attack that could kill hundreds, possibly thousands, of Americans is a ... More


America Responds

William R. Clark

in Bracing for Armageddon?: The Science and Politics of Bioterrorism in America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336214
eISBN:
9780199868537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336214.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

In 1989, partly as a result of America's participation in the 1972 International Biological Weapons Convention, but also in response to growing concerns about terrorist use of biological weapons, ... More


AS NATURAL AS BREATHING: The Flu Virus

Jaap Goudsmit

in Viral Fitness: The Next SARS and West Nile in the Making

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195130348
eISBN:
9780199790166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130348.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses the flu virus. The virus that causes the annual epidemics of influenza travels through the air. Although flu is widely viewed as a human disease, its agent is by nature a virus ... More


Influenza as a model system for studying the cross-species transfer and evolution of the SARS coronavirus

Robin M. Bush

in SARS: A case study in emerging infections

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568193
eISBN:
9780191718175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568193.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The influenza virus is perhaps the most intensely studied of human pathogens. Effective vaccines have been available for over fifty years, yet influenza continues to present a major threat to public ... More


The Hormonal and Physiological Control of Egg Production

Tony D. Williams

in Physiological Adaptations for Breeding in Birds

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139821
eISBN:
9781400842797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139821.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter focuses on the regulation of female reproduction and on the physiological regulation of ovary and oviduct function during egg production. Since female reproduction is highly seasonal and ... More


Timing of Breeding

Tony D. Williams

in Physiological Adaptations for Breeding in Birds

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139821
eISBN:
9781400842797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139821.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter argues that the timing of the initiation of a single breeding event, or the initiation of the first of multiple breeding events within the same breeding season, is completely dependent ... More


Egg Size and Egg Quality

Tony D. Williams

in Physiological Adaptations for Breeding in Birds

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139821
eISBN:
9781400842797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139821.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter deals with variations in egg size and egg quality. Egg size is a highly variable life-history trait, with up to twofold differences in egg mass among individual females within a ... More


Clutch Size

Tony D. Williams

in Physiological Adaptations for Breeding in Birds

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139821
eISBN:
9781400842797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139821.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

Clutch size is generally considered to be one of the most important determinants of reproductive success and lifetime fitness in birds. It is also perhaps the most well-studied life-history trait in ... More


Parental Care: Incubation and Chick-Rearing

Tony D. Williams

in Physiological Adaptations for Breeding in Birds

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139821
eISBN:
9781400842797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139821.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter focuses on individual variation in parental care, the relationship between individual variation and maternal fitness, and the physiological mechanisms underlying this variation. For ... More


The Baby with the Baboon Heart: Why Evolution Still Matters

Norman A. Johnson

in Darwinian Detectives: Revealing the Natural History of Genes and Genomes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195306750
eISBN:
9780199790203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306750.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The H5N1 avian flu virus has spread to fowl across several continents and has killed hundreds of people. Fortunately, this flu is not easily transmitted to humans yet; if it were, a deadly pandemic ... More


Photoperiodism and Reproduction in Birds

George E. Bentley

in Photoperiodism: The Biological Calendar

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195335903
eISBN:
9780199775446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335903.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter describes mechanisms thought to be involved in the regulation of photoperiodism in birds. It discusses the key hormones involved in avian photoperiodism. Gonadotropins are not discussed ... More


Animal Innovation

Simon M. Reader and Kevin N. Laland (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198526223
eISBN:
9780191689406
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526223.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In 1953 a young female Japanese macaque called Imo began washing sweet potatoes before eating them, presumably to remove dirt and sand grains. Soon other monkeys had adopted this behaviour, and ... More


Making the Case for the Intelligence of Avian Navigation

Verner P. Bingman

in Animal Thinking: Contemporary Issues in Comparative Cognition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016636
eISBN:
9780262298988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016636.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Communication, social cognition, and the ability to solve problems are generally considered hallmarks of animal intelligence. The seemingly routine navigational behavior of birds, reflected in their ... More


Masakazu Konishi

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography Volume 6

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195380101
eISBN:
9780199864362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380101.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter presents an autobiography of Masakazu Konishi. Konishi has been one of the leaders in avian neuroethology since the early 1960's. He is known for his idea that young birds initially ... More


Pandemic Planning: What Is Ethically Justified?

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, General

With the pressing risk of avian flu, jurisdictions across the world have devoted considerable attention to pandemic planning. This chapter employs the PVV view about the justifiability of constraints ... More


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