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Procrustes Problems

John C Gower and Garmt B Dijksterhuis

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198510581
eISBN:
9780191708961
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198510581.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

Procrustean methods are used to transform one set of data to represent another set of data as closely as possible. This book unifies several strands in the literature and contains new algorithms. It ... More


Some Views

Partha Dasgupta

in Human Well-Being and the Natural Environment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247882
eISBN:
9780191596100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247889.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter reviews a widely discussed theory of population ethics, Average Utilitarianism. Its ethical foundation as a population policy seems to have fundamental problems.


Probability forecasting: Concepts and analysis

Anthony Garratt, Kevin Lee, M. Hashem Pesaran, and Yongcheol Shin

in Global and National Macroeconometric Modelling: A Long-Run Structural Approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199296859
eISBN:
9780191603853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199296855.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter provides an introduction to the interpretation and estimation of probability forecasts, which is considered to be a particularly useful method for presenting forecasts and ... More


Bayesian estimating functions

Christopher G. Small and Jinfang Wang

in Numerical Methods for Nonlinear Estimating Equations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198506881
eISBN:
9780191709258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506881.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter demonstrates that the numerical methods of earlier chapters are not constrained by statistical philosophy. The theory of Bayesian estimating functions is developed. It is shown that this ... More


Myoclonus Studies

Jay A. Liveson and Dong M. Ma

in Laboratory Reference for Clinical Neurophysiology

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195129243
eISBN:
9780199847792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195129243.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Mycolonus is a sudden, irregular, jerky movement of a group of muscles. It can be related to hyperexcitability of cerebral neurons, manifested by periodic synchronous EEG discharges (PSDs). If these ... More


A Mean for All Seasons

Jie W Weiss and David J Weiss

in A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

A common research agenda for psychologists is to establish the empirical connection between stimulus and response. Response variability often threatens to obscure the connection. To surmount that ... More


Divide and Conquer: How to Use Likelihood and Value Judgments in Decision Making

Jie W Weiss and David J Weiss

in A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.003.0023
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on the concept of “divide and conquer” in decision analysis. The basic idea of “divide and conquer” consists of three steps. First, you take your cognitive, or your intellectual ... More


Pay Structure and Status

Henry Phelps Brown

in The Inequality of Pay

Published in print:
1979
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198851202
eISBN:
9780191596780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198851200.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The study of status presented in this chapter centres upon the question that the economist and sociologist approach so differently: why there is generally so close an agreement between the rank ... More


Differences of Individual Earnings Within an Occupation

Henry Phelps Brown

in The Inequality of Pay

Published in print:
1979
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198851202
eISBN:
9780191596780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198851200.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

So far in the book, only the average pay in each occupation has been addressed, but there is generally a wide dispersion of individual pay about that average. The examination of these differences in ... More


The Distribution of Individual Earnings

Henry Phelps Brown

in The Inequality of Pay

Published in print:
1979
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198851202
eISBN:
9780191596780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198851200.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter follows the examination in the previous chapter of differences in the dispersion of individual pay about the average in the presence of a given structure of pay by occupation. The ... More


Population-Based Survey Experiments: A Hybrid Methodology for the Social Sciences

Diana C. Mutz

in Population-Based Survey Experiments

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144511
eISBN:
9781400840489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144511.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This introductory chapter traces the development of population-based experiments and highlights some of their advantages over traditional experiments and surveys. There is a tendency to think about ... More


Simultaneous Optimization of Population and Capital

Michio Morishima

in Theory of Economic Growth

Published in print:
1969
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198281641
eISBN:
9780191596667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198281641.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The problem of optimum savings has been discussed by Ramsey on the assumption of a constant population and later by a number of economists on the more general assumption that the labour force expands ... More


Instrumentation and Data Preprocessing

Lauri Parkkonen

in MEG: An Introduction to Methods

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195307238
eISBN:
9780199863990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307238.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter reviews the methods and technology required for magnetoencephalographic measurements. The key concepts discussed include sensor components, noise reduction methods, co-registration of ... More


Conclusions Concerning the Sources and the Malleability of the Inequality of Pay

Henry Phelps Brown

in The Inequality of Pay

Published in print:
1979
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198851202
eISBN:
9780191596780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198851200.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This final chapter brings together the main findings that have been reached by approaching the inequality of pay in two ways: differences between the average pay in different occupations (pay ... More


Regression-Discontinuity and ARIMA Models

William R. Nugent

in Analyzing Single System Design Data

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195369625
eISBN:
9780199865208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369625.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter covers regression-discontinuity models for analyzing the data from single case designs. Auto-regressive-integrated-moving-average models are also described and illustrated. These ... More


Inference from Multiple Models

N. Thompson Hobbs and Mevin B. Hooten

in Bayesian Models: A Statistical Primer for Ecologists

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159287
eISBN:
9781400866557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159287.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter describes how to evaluate alternative models with data. There are two broad ways to formally use multiple models: model selection and model averaging. In model selection, models are ... More


Europe as a Linguistic Area

Bernd Heine and Tania Kuteva

in The Changing Languages of Europe

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297337
eISBN:
9780191711220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297337.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Over the last decades, work on areal relationship among the languages of Europe has been a field of intensive research. This work has been dominated by questions such as the following: Do the ... More


Through the Eyes of the Ego

Mark R. Leary

in The Curse of the Self: Self-Awareness, Egotism, and the Quality of Human Life

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172423
eISBN:
9780199786756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172423.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

People process information about themselves, other people, and the world through the filter of their own self-images and egoistic desires. Their experience of the events that unfold around them is ... More


On the storage and retrieval of categorical information

W. K. Estes

in Classification and Cognition

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195073355
eISBN:
9780199867899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195073355.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Nearly all categorization research has been concerned largely with learners' abilities to classify exemplars of categories, as in making diagnoses. However, the realization is emerging that other ... More


Age and Tenure

George H. Gadbois, Jr

in Judges of the Supreme Court of India: 1950 - 1989

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198070610
eISBN:
9780199080755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070610.003.0031
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter examines age and tenure in the SCI. The average age of appointment to the SCI was 58.5. The age of appointees depended to some extent on who was the CJI. There is, of course, some ... More


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