Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 26 items

  • Keywords: avalanches x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Granular Patterns

Igor Aranson and Lev Tsimring

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199534418
eISBN:
9780191714665
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534418.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book is a systematic introduction to the new and rapidly evolving field of patterns in granular materials. Granular matter is usually defined as a collection of discrete macroscopic solid ... More


In Pursuit of Danger: Defining and Defending Hazard Zones

Mark Carey

in In the Shadow of Melting Glaciers: Climate Change and Andean Society

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195396065
eISBN:
9780199775682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396065.003.0006
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Two glacier avalanches from Mount Huascarán killed 4,000 people and destroyed the town of Ranrahirca and killed 15,000 people and devastated the city of Yungay in 1970, making it the most deadly ... More


Natural Complexity: A Modeling Handbook

Paul Charbonneau

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691176840
eISBN:
9781400885497
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691176840.001.0001
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming Languages

This book provides a short, hands-on introduction to the science of complexity using simple computational models of natural complex systems—with models and exercises drawn from physics, chemistry, ... More


Interacting systems on networks

Sergey N. Dorogovtsev

in Lectures on Complex Networks

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199548927
eISBN:
9780191720574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548927.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter considers systems of interacting agents placed on networks. The agents — spins, oscillators, interacting individuals, etc. — occupy the nodes of networks and interact with each other ... More


The Quantum nature of light

J. C. Garrison and R. Y. Chiao

in Quantum Optics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198508861
eISBN:
9780191708640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508861.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter begins with a survey of early experimental results — the Planck spectrum, the photoelectric effect, and Compton scattering — that are usually presented as evidence for the existence of ... More


SIGNAL FORMATION AND ACQUISITION

Helmuth Spieler

in Semiconductor Detector Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527848
eISBN:
9780191713248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527848.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter first discusses which parameters determine sensor sensitivity, and then explains the basic semiconductor physics relevant to radiation detectors. Statistical limits to energy resolution ... More


Change Is the Only Constant

James K. Agee

in Steward's Fork: A Sustainable Future for the Klamath Mountains

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520251250
eISBN:
9780520933798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520251250.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter discusses the occurrence of natural disturbances and their significant effects on the forests. It focuses on two disturbances that are the most important and widespread occurrences in ... More


Montane and Subalpine Vegetation of the Sierra Nevada and Cascade Ranges

Jo Ann Fites-Kaufman, Phil Rundel, Nathan Stephenson, and Dave A. Weixelman

in Terrestrial Vegetation of California, 3rd Edition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520249554
eISBN:
9780520933361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520249554.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter discusses the montane and subalpine coniferous forests and other vegetation of the Sierra Nevada and Cascade Ranges in California, vegetation patterns and environmental factors that ... More


Introduction: What Is Complexity?

Paul Charbonneau

in Natural Complexity: A Modeling Handbook

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691176840
eISBN:
9781400885497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691176840.003.0001
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming Languages

This book investigates complex systems that are idealizations of naturally occurring phenomena characterized by the autonomous generation of structures and patterns at macroscopic scales. It provides ... More


Sandpiles

Paul Charbonneau

in Natural Complexity: A Modeling Handbook

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691176840
eISBN:
9781400885497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691176840.003.0005
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming Languages

This chapter describes a simple computational idealization of a sandpile. When sand trickles slowly through your fingers, a small conical pile of sand forms below your hand. Sand avalanches of ... More


Traffic Jams

Paul Charbonneau

in Natural Complexity: A Modeling Handbook

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691176840
eISBN:
9781400885497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691176840.003.0007
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming Languages

This chapter considers the occurrence of traffic jams in the flow of moving automobiles as an example of complex collective behavior emerging from the interactions of system elements. It begins with ... More


Geomorphic Systems of Green Lakes Valley

Nel Caine

in Structure and Function of an Alpine Ecosystem: Niwot Ridge, Colorado

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195117288
eISBN:
9780197561171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195117288.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

There are at least three justifications for the examination of the geomorphology of the area in which ecosystem studies are conducted. First, the present landscape and the materials that make it up ... More


The Missing Witness,: An Original Drama in Four Acts

M. E. Braddon

in Sensation Drama, 18601880: An Anthology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781474439534
eISBN:
9781474465106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474439534.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

The Missing Witnessis set in the Swiss alps and features a romance plot aborted by a jealous villain and saved by the servant Genevieve, the ‘missing witness’ of the title. It offers a wonderful ... More


Geomorphic Hazards and Natural Risks

Olivier Maquaire

in The Physical Geography of Western Europe

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199277759
eISBN:
9780191917639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199277759.003.0029
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Physical Geography and Topography

Western European countries are subject to natural phenomena that can cause disasters. Their origins are various: geophysical (earthquakes), hydrometeorological (sea storms, floods, and avalanches), ... More


Cryosphere

Kenneth M. Hinkel, Andrew W. Ellis, and Ellen Mosley-Thompson

in Geography in America at the Dawn of the 21st Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198233923
eISBN:
9780191917707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198233923.003.0013
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Regional Geography

The cryosphere refers to the Earth’s frozen realm. As such, it includes the 10 percent of the terrestrial surface covered by ice sheets and glaciers, an additional 14 percent characterized by ... More


Mountain Geography

Donald A. Friend

in Geography in America at the Dawn of the 21st Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198233923
eISBN:
9780191917707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198233923.003.0015
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Regional Geography

The raw facts alone make mountains worthy of geographic interest: mountains constitute 25 per cent of the earth’s surface; they are home to 26 per cent of the world’s populace; and generate 32 per ... More


Hazards

Burrell E. Montz, John A. Cross, and Susan L. Cutter

in Geography in America at the Dawn of the 21st Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198233923
eISBN:
9780191917707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198233923.003.0042
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Regional Geography

In August of 1992, Hurricane Andrew battered south-eastern Florida, causing fifty-eight deaths, and more than $27 billion in property losses (National Climatic Data Center 1999). The following ... More


Canadian Studies

Christopher D. Merrett and Thomas Rumney

in Geography in America at the Dawn of the 21st Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198233923
eISBN:
9780191917707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198233923.003.0054
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Regional Geography

The idea of Canadian Studies runs counter to recent economic trends that challenge the salience of the boundary between Canada and the United States. Books such as Nine Nations of North America ... More


Obstacle-controlled Plastic Flow

Ladislas Kubin

in Dislocations, Mesoscale Simulations and Plastic Flow

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198525011
eISBN:
9780191756238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525011.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter mainly discusses plastic flow in FCC crystals, where dislocations are intrinsically highly mobile, going from elementary dislocation mechanisms to dislocation microstructures and the ... More


Photodetectors

Hermann Kolanoski and Norbert Wermes

in Particle Detectors: Fundamentals and Applications

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198858362
eISBN:
9780191890710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198858362.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The chapter covers photodetectors for photons in the optical and near UV range (about 200 nm to 700 nm). Important for particle and astroparticle experiments are photodetectors which detect light ... More


View: