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Bounded Rationality in Latin-American Pension Reform

Kurt Weyland

in Lessons from Pension Reform in the Americas

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199226801
eISBN:
9780191710285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226801.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter analyzes the decision-making process surrounding pension reform in Latin America. It argues decision to emulate the Chilean model did not follow the procedures of full, ‘economic’ ... More


 Objections and Replies

Daniel Stoljar

in Ignorance and Imagination: The Epistemic Origin of the Problem of Consciousness

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306583
eISBN:
9780199786619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306589.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Two objections to the epistemic view are addressed. According to the first, the epistemic view is mistaken because if the problem at issue is understood correctly, we are in possession of the ... More


After Liberalization Public Interest Services and Employment in the Utilities

Adrienne Héritier and Susanne K. Schmidt

in Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume II: Diverse Responses to Common Challenges in Twelve Countries

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240920
eISBN:
9780191600180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240922.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The liberalization and/or privatization of formerly highly protected, monopolistic, public utilities, and infrastructural services has added to the challenges of welfare‐state adjustment. The move to ... More


Electoral and Party Competition: Analytical Dimensions and Empirical Problems

Stefano Bartolini

in Political Parties: Old Concepts and New Challenges

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246748
eISBN:
9780191599385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246742.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Focuses on the concept of electoral and party competition as the key mechanism leading party elites to respond to the preferences of voters. While competition is of central importance in both ... More


Food Policy: Integrating health, environment and society

Tim Lang, David Barling, and Martin Caraher

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198567882
eISBN:
9780191724121
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567882.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

For over half a century, food policy has mapped a path for progress based upon a belief that the right mix of investment, scientific input, and human skills could unleash a surge in productive ... More


Motivating Epistemological Disjunctivism

Duncan Pritchard

in Epistemological Disjunctivism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199557912
eISBN:
9780191743290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557912.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter suggests that the reason why epistemological disjunctivism is not widely adopted is because it is held to face several fatal theoretical problems. Accordingly, whatever commonsense ... More


Evolutionary Ecology of Social and Sexual Systems: Crustaceans as Model Organisms

J. Emmett Duffy and Martin Thiel (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195179927
eISBN:
9780199790111
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179927.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Understanding of animal social and sexual evolution has seen a renaissance in recent years with discoveries of frequent infidelity in apparently monogamous species, the importance of sperm ... More


Emergent Allee Effects through Biomass Overcompensation

André M. de Roos and Lennart Persson

in Population and Community Ecology of Ontogenetic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137575
eISBN:
9781400845613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137575.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the emergence of a positive feedback between the density of predators and the availability of its food, mediated through biomass overcompensation in the prey life history stage ... More


Freedom of the Will, Covenant, and Moral Capability

Jonathan Jacobs

in Law, Reason, and Morality in Medieval Jewish Philosophy: Sadia Gaon, Bahya ibn Pakuda, and Moses Maimonides

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542833
eISBN:
9780191594359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542833.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter focuses on freedom of the will, questions about agents' responsibility for their virtues and vices, and the way in which the covenant between God and human beings has implications for ... More


Timing of Breeding

Tony D. Williams

in Physiological Adaptations for Breeding in Birds

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139821
eISBN:
9781400842797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139821.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter argues that the timing of the initiation of a single breeding event, or the initiation of the first of multiple breeding events within the same breeding season, is completely dependent ... More


Habitat assessment

William J. Sutherland and Rhys E. Green

in Bird Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520863
eISBN:
9780191706189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520863.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Most field studies incorporate measures of habitat extent and quality. How to devise a protocol for recording habitat is described. The section on physical environment describes how to measure ... More


Entitlement and Deprivation

Jean Drèze and Amartya Sen

in Hunger and Public Action

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283652
eISBN:
9780191596193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283652.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The link between deprivation and the law is explored, and it is noted that, in seeking social changes to eliminate hunger, the nature of the entitlement systems has to be properly understood. ... More


Famines, Markets and Intervention

Jean Drèze and Amartya Sen

in Hunger and Public Action

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283652
eISBN:
9780191596193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283652.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Some of the deficiencies of direct delivery strategies as a means of preventing famines are noted before the part that markets can play in precipitating or relieving famine is explored. The ... More


What Is Needs Assessment?

David Royse, Michele Staton‐Tindall, Karen Badger, and J. Matthew Webster

in Needs Assessment

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368789
eISBN:
9780199863860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:royes/9780195368789.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter examines definitions and various perspectives of the terms need and needs assessment. Need is a relative term that can have different meanings to various individuals and communities. The ... More


Life-history patterns

Anne E. Magurran

in Evolutionary Ecology: The Trinidadian Guppy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527855
eISBN:
9780191713576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527855.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Guppy populations differ not only in their mating tactics but also in how they make their investment in reproduction. Life history traits such as age and size at maturity, number and size of ... More


Coyotes: Coyotes in Yellowstone National Park: the influence of dominance on foraging, territoriality, and fitness

Eric M. Gese

in The Biology and Conservation of Wild Canids

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515562
eISBN:
9780191705632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515562.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The coyote population at Yellowstone National Park (YNP), Wyoming, has not been subject to human persecution for several decades allowing for direct observation of their behaviour, interactions among ... More


Transport and Introduction

Tim M. Blackburn, Julie L. Lockwood, and Phillip Cassey

in Avian Invasions: The Ecology and Evolution of Exotic Birds

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199232543
eISBN:
9780191715983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232543.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter considers the first two steps on the invasion pathway: transport and introduction. It starts by summarizing why what we know about the history of avian invasions leads us to expect ... More


Social organization and male–female relationships

Tatang Mitra Setia, Roberto A. Delgado, S. Suci Utami Atmoko, Ian Singleton, and Carel P. van Schaik

in Orangutans: Geographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199213276
eISBN:
9780191707568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213276.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Despite their semi-solitary nature, associations among orangutans are more common than expected by chance for most combinations of age-sex classes. Variation in party size is due to variation in food ... More


The functional significance of variation in jaw form in orangutans: The African apes as an ecogeographic model

Andrea B. Taylor

in Orangutans: Geographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199213276
eISBN:
9780191707568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213276.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

African apes and orangutans experience temporal and spatial fluctuations in fruit availability with similar behavioral consequences. Relying on the African apes as a comparative ecogeographic model, ... More


Orangutan activity budgets and diet: A comparison between species, populations and habitats

Helen C. Morrogh-Bernard, Simon J. Husson, Cheryl D. Knott, Serge A. Wich, Carel P. van Schaik, Maria A. van Noordwijk, Isabelle Lackman-Ancrenaz, Andrew J. Marshall, Tomoko Kanamori, Noko Kuze, and Ramlan bin Sakong

in Orangutans: Geographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199213276
eISBN:
9780191707568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213276.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The chapter examines differences in the activity budgets of wild orangutans (Pongo spp.) within and between a large number of study sites in Sumatra and Borneo. The authors of the chapter found that ... More


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