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Discovery, autopsy and progress: Diocletian’s jigsaw puzzles

M. H. Crawford

in Classics in Progress: Essays on Ancient Greece and Rome

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263235
eISBN:
9780191734328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263235.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

It is commonplace that historical enquiry evolves as successive generations ask different questions, in a complex interplay between, on the one hand, the intellectual traditions in which individual ... More


Organ Donation and Cosmetic Enhancement

Abdulaziz Sachedina

in Islamic Biomedical Ethics Principles and Application

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195378504
eISBN:
9780199869688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378504.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The chapter deals with the sanctity and integrity of the human body after death. Anatomical dissection and postmortem examinations are a routine part of medical education and diagnostic techniques ... More


Gellius, Apuleius, and Satire on the Intellectual *

Wytse Keulen

in The Worlds of Aulus Gellius

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199264827
eISBN:
9780191718403
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264827.003.0009
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter compares Gellius' and Apuleius' techniques of characterizing and satirizing certain types of intellectuals. These techniques are shown to be often common to both authors and to rely on a ... More


Autopsy Visions

Jeanne Guillemin

in Anthrax: The Investigation of a Deadly Outbreak

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520222045
eISBN:
9780520927100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520222045.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter focuses on the available autopsy material of the outbreak victims, describing the material on inhalation anthrax and providing a pathologists' synopsis of the 1979 outbreak. It briefly ... More


Biological Weapons and Political Outbreaks

Jeanne Guillemin

in Anthrax: The Investigation of a Deadly Outbreak

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520222045
eISBN:
9780520927100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520222045.003.0018
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter discusses the political outbreaks and biological weapons connected to the 1979 anthrax outbreak in Russia. It first narrates the research team's presentation in the Brookings ... More


Jean-Martin Charcot: Clinical Neurology Comes of Age

Stanley Finger

in Minds Behind the Brain: A history of the pioneers and their discoveries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181821
eISBN:
9780199865277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

During the first half of the 19th century, most neurological diseases were categorized on the basis of a single feature, such as a paralysis or a tremor. Labeling and classifying neurological ... More


Spirituality, Suffering, and Prayerful Presence within Jewish Tradition

Christina M. Puchalski

in A Time for Listening and Caring: Spirituality and the Care of the Chronically Ill and Dying

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195146820
eISBN:
9780199999866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195146820.003.0013
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine and Older People

This chapter examines spirituality, suffering, and prayerful presence in relation to end-of-life care in the Jewish tradition, describing the Jewish mourning practices and the stand of Judaism ... More


How Privacy Works in Real Cases: The Worst-Case Scenarios

Jon L. Mills

in Privacy: The Lost Right

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195367355
eISBN:
9780199867400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367355.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

An examination of the legal tools available for redress of invasion of privacy claims demonstrates the complexity and difficulty courts face when analyzing these cases. This chapter uses intriguing ... More


Hunter's Heart: Pathological Anatomy and the Science of Disease

Fay Bound Alberti

in Matters of the Heart: History, Medicine, and Emotion

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199540976
eISBN:
9780191701207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199540976.003.0003
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter discusses the heart disease case of surgeon and anatomist John Hunter in relation to pathological anatomy and the science of the disease. Hunter died on October 16, 1793 and the autopsy ... More


Corneille's Andromeda: Painting, Medicine, and the Politics of Spectacle

Wes Williams

in Monsters and their Meanings in Early Modern Culture: Mighty Magic

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199577026
eISBN:
9780191728662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577026.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature, European Literature

This chapter initiates discussion of the conjoined processes of medicalization and theatricalization that monsters undergo in the seventeenth century. The changing reception of Heliodorus's ... More


Vulnerability and Chance

Jeanne Guillemin

in Anthrax: The Investigation of a Deadly Outbreak

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520222045
eISBN:
9780520927100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520222045.003.0014
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter considers the possibility that the research team received incomplete narratives of the outbreak, or if the victims just reacted differently to the infection. The first section takes a ... More


Manifestation

Jeanne Guillemin

in Anthrax: The Investigation of a Deadly Outbreak

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520222045
eISBN:
9780520927100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520222045.003.0019
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter reveals the patterns on a discernible band of cases in Chkalovskiy. It describes the research team's spot maps, which are compiled along with the interview data, conclusions from the ... More


Genetics, Morphology, and Difficult Diagnoses

Ilana Löwy

in Tangled Diagnoses: Prenatal Testing, Women, and Risk

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226534121
eISBN:
9780226534268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226534268.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 2 examines efforts to limit the uncertainties of prenatal diagnosis through the juxtaposition of results obtained with three approaches: obstetrical ultrasound, analysis of the fetal genome, ... More


Forensic Credibility at the “Nanny Trial”

Stefan Timmermans

in Postmortem: How Medical Examiners Explain Suspicious Deaths

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226803982
eISBN:
9780226804002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226804002.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the issue of forensic credibility in medical examiners' roles as expert witnesses in court cases. It explains that medical examiners are usually asked to defend their autopsy ... More


The visual text

Brian Baker

in Iain Sinclair

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719069048
eISBN:
9781781700891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719069048.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter discusses the intense visual imagery that has become characteristic of Sinclair's poetry. It considers the visual apparatus of Sinclair's major works, including Slow Chocolate Autopsy. ... More


Criminology: Social Crime, Individual Criminal

Louise McReynolds

in Murder Most Russian: True Crime and Punishment in Late Imperial Russia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451454
eISBN:
9780801465901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451454.003.0003
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter discusses the emergence of forensic medicine and its role in criminal investigations. In the nineteenth century, historian Roger Smith pointed out that “various so-called ‘knowledge ... More


Elephant Autopsy: Optic Machinery and the Scale of Sovereignty

Kelly Oliver

in Technologies of Life and Death: From Cloning to Capital Punishment

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780823251087
eISBN:
9780823253036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823251087.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

I focus on the scene of elephant autopsy in The Beast and the Sovereign in order to analyze what Derrida calls “the globalization of the autopsic model” of sovereignty and power. While in the earlier ... More


From Corpse to Cadaver: Suicide and the Forensic Gaze

Kathryn A. Sloan

in Death in the City: Suicide and the Social Imaginary in Modern Mexico

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780520290310
eISBN:
9780520964532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520290310.003.0003
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter travels the path of the suicide victim from live body to corpse to cadaver of the suicide victim. Some suicides undertook elaborate measures to prepare their bodies for death. Women, in ... More


Diagnostic Puzzles: Fetopathology in France

Ilana Löwy

in Tangled Diagnoses: Prenatal Testing, Women, and Risk

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226534121
eISBN:
9780226534268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226534268.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 3 is grounded in observations made in the fetopathology service of a major French research and teaching hospital. French women can freely decide to have an abortion only until the 14th week ... More


Over Their Dead Bodies

Joseph Andrew Orser

in The Lives of Chang and Eng: Siam's Twins in Nineteenth-Century America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9781469618302
eISBN:
9781469618326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469618326.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter explores how conjoined twins Chang and Eng Bunker, more famously known as the “Siamese twins,” continued to be seen as monsters even after their deaths. Chang died on January 17, 1874, ... More


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