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The Value of Humanity in Kant's Moral Theory

Richard Dean

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199285723
eISBN:
9780191603938
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285721.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The humanity formulation of Kant’s Categorical Imperative demands that we treat humanity as an end in itself. Because this principle resonates with currently influential ideals of human rights and ... More


Magic, Myths, and Fairy Tales: Consent and the Relationship Between Law and Ethics

Alasdair R Maclean

in Law and Bioethics: Current Legal Issues Volume 11

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199545520
eISBN:
9780191721113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545520.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

The law, particularly the judge-made reactive common law, is always open to the influence of ethical discourses challenging the dominant view. In the context of healthcare provision, the power of the ... More


A Political Theory of Rights

Attracta Ingram

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279631
eISBN:
9780191599545
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279639.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book presents a conception of rights as a type of political claim, justified by a Kantian ideal of autonomy. This justification provides a moral basis for rights independent of law and custom, ... More


School Choice and Social Justice

Harry Brighouse

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257874
eISBN:
9780191598845
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257876.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Defends a theory of social justice for education from within an egalitarian version of liberalism. The theory involves a strong commitment to educational equality, and to the idea that children's ... More


Social Rights Under the Constitution: Government and the Decent Life

Cécile Fabre

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296751
eISBN:
9780191599200
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296754.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The desirability, or lack thereof, of bills of rights has been the focus of some of the most enduring political debates over the last two centuries. Unlike civil and political rights, social rights ... More


How Infectious Disease Got Left Out of Bioethics

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter first documents the virtually complete absence of infectious disease examples and concerns at the time bioethics emerged as a field. It then argues that this oversight was not benign by ... More


Embedded Autonomy and the “Way-Station Self”

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Traditional liberal paradigms in bioethics have rested on a misleading picture of the self as a separate individual. This chapter develops a biologicized picture of the self as a “way station”: so to ... More


Old Wine in New Bottles:: Traditional Issues in Bioethics From The Victim/Vector Perspective

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter begins to put the PVV view to work in the analysis of both traditional and newer ethical issues in bioethics. Here, the chapter re-examines staple issues of bioethics such as ... More


From the Magic Mountain to a Dying Homeless Man and His Dog:: Imposing Isolation And Treatment In Tuberculosis Care

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter uses the example of a homeless man with multiple drug-resistant tuberculosis to explore ethical conflicts that arise between the public health officers' emphasis on “control-the-vector” ... More


Conclusion

Attracta Ingram

in A Political Theory of Rights

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279631
eISBN:
9780191599545
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279639.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter presents a synthesis of the concept of rights against the state discussed in this volume. It argues that the difference between a libertarian and social-democratic liberal state is not ... More


Liberalism without Perfection

Jonathan Quong

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199594870
eISBN:
9780191723513
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594870.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

A growing number of political philosophers favour a view called liberal perfectionism. According to this view, liberal political morality is characterized by a commitment to helping individuals lead ... More


Multiculturalism and the Welfare State: Recognition and Redistribution in Contemporary Democracies

Keith Banting and Will Kymlicka (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199289172
eISBN:
9780191711084
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289172.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

In many Western democracies, ethnic and racial minorities have demanded, and sometimes achieved, greater recognition and accommodation of their identities. This is reflected in the adoption of ... More


Liberal Foundations

Matthew Clayton

in Justice and Legitimacy in Upbringing

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199268948
eISBN:
9780191603693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199268940.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter sets out the liberal ideals of justice and legitimacy that form the basis of the conception of upbringing defended in later chapters. It begins with a summary of Rawls’s conception of ... More


Parents and Public Reason

Matthew Clayton

in Justice and Legitimacy in Upbringing

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199268948
eISBN:
9780191603693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199268940.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Can parents legitimately enrol their child into controversial religious practices or disputed conceptions of human well being? Many liberals assert that they can, provided that this enrolment does ... More


AHRB on its Own

James Herbert

in Creating the AHRC: An Arts and Humanities Research Council for the United Kingdom in the Twenty-first Century

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264294
eISBN:
9780191734335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264294.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter discusses the separation and independence of the AHRB from the HEFCE. In 2001, through the aid of Bahram Bekhradnia, the AHRB gained autonomy from the HEFCE. At the beginning of the ... More


The Ethics of Pediatric Research

David Wendler

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199730087
eISBN:
9780199776689
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730087.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Millions of children suffer from diseases and illnesses who do not have adequate treatment. And many other children are harmed by medicines intended to help them. To protect and help these children ... More


Rousseau: A Free Community of Equals

Joshua Cohen

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199581498
eISBN:
9780191722875
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581498.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The fundamental problem of Rousseau's political philosophy is to find a form of association that protects the person and goods of each person without demanding from them a morally unacceptable ... More


Playing Politics with Science: Balancing Scientific Independence and Government Oversight

David B. Resnik

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195375893
eISBN:
9780199866632
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375893.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book examines the relationship between science and politics and argues for a balance between scientific independence and government oversight and control. It uses ethical theories and historical ... More


Negotiating Nationalism: Nation-Building, Federalism, and Secession in the Multinational State

Wayne Norman

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198293354
eISBN:
9780191604126
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293356.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book addresses some of the special challenges that arise when two or more national communities share the same (multinational) state. As a work in normative political philosophy, its principal ... More


Power‐Sharing Institutions: Executive Formation and Federalism

Benjamin Reilly

in Democracy and Diversity: Political Engineering in the Asia-Pacific

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199286874
eISBN:
9780191713156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286874.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter examines the theory and practice of the various approaches to the sharing and dividing of governing power in the Asia-Pacific. It first looks at the broad issues of executive structure ... More


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