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Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems: Is It the End of the World as We Know It . . . Or Will We Be Just Fine?

Michael W. Meier

in Complex Battlespaces: The Law of Armed Conflict and the Dynamics of Modern Warfare

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780190915360
eISBN:
9780190915391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190915360.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Over the past decade, there has been a proliferation of remotely piloted aircraft or “drones” being used on the battlefield. Advances in technology are going to continue to drive changes in how ... More


Toward the Special Computer Law of Targeting: “Fully Autonomous” Weapons Systems and the Proportionality Test

Masahiro Kurosaki

in Necessity and Proportionality in International Peace and Security Law

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780197537374
eISBN:
9780197537404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197537374.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

One of the implications of fully autonomous weapons systems (AWS) as an independent decision maker in the targeting process is that a human-centered paradigm should never be taken for granted. ... More


The Robot Dogs of War

Deane-Peter Baker

in Lethal Autonomous Weapons: Re-Examining the Law and Ethics of Robotic Warfare

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780197546048
eISBN:
9780197546079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197546048.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The prospect of robotic warriors striding the battlefield has, somewhat unsurprisingly, been shaped by perceptions drawn from science fiction. While illustrative, such comparisons are largely ... More


The Better Instincts of Humanity: Humanitarian Arguments in Defense of International Arms Control

Natalia Jevglevskaja and Rain Liivoja

in Lethal Autonomous Weapons: Re-Examining the Law and Ethics of Robotic Warfare

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780197546048
eISBN:
9780197546079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197546048.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

Disagreements about the humanitarian risk-benefit balance of weapons technology are not new. The history of arms control negotiations offers many examples of weaponry that was regarded ‘inhumane’ by ... More


Fire and Forget: A Moral Defense of the Use of Autonomous Weapons Systems in War and Peace

Duncan MacIntosh

in Lethal Autonomous Weapons: Re-Examining the Law and Ethics of Robotic Warfare

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780197546048
eISBN:
9780197546079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197546048.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

Setting aside the military advantages offered by Autonomous Weapons Systems for a moment, international debate continues to feature the argument that the use of lethal force by “killer robots” ... More


Proposing a Regional Normative Framework for Limiting the Potential for Unintentional or Escalatory Engagements with Increasingly Autonomous Weapon Systems

Austin Wyatt and Jai Galliott

in Lethal Autonomous Weapons: Re-Examining the Law and Ethics of Robotic Warfare

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780197546048
eISBN:
9780197546079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197546048.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

While the Conference on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW)-sponsored process has steadily slowed, and occasionally stalled, over the past five years, the pace of technological development in both the ... More


Understanding AI and Autonomy: Problematizing the Meaningful Human Control Argument against Killer Robots

Tim McFarland and Jai Galliott

in Lethal Autonomous Weapons: Re-Examining the Law and Ethics of Robotic Warfare

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780197546048
eISBN:
9780197546079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197546048.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The physical and temporal removal of the human from the decision to use lethal force underpins many of the arguments against the development of autonomous weapons systems. In response to these ... More


What Is the Moral Problem with Killer Robots?

Susanne Burri

in Who Should Die?: The Ethics of Killing in War

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190495657
eISBN:
9780190495671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190495657.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

An autonomous weapon system (AWS) is a weapons system that, “once activated, can select and engage targets without further intervention by a human operator” (US Department of Defense directive ... More


Conventional Weapons

Barry S. Levy

in From Horror to Hope: Recognizing and Preventing the Health Impacts of War

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780197558645
eISBN:
9780197558676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197558645.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter describes conventional weapons and treaties to control these weapons. These weapons include small arms and light weapons, heavy conventional weapons, bombs and other explosives, and ... More


The Future of Proportionality

Amichai Cohen and David Zlotogorski

in Proportionality in International Humanitarian Law: Consequences, Precautions, and Procedures

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
June 2021
ISBN:
9780197556726
eISBN:
9780197556757
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197556726.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The final chapter of the book presents three developments in modern warfare that might affect the way the principle of proportionality will be applied in the future. The first is the development of ... More


The Humanitarian Imperative for Minimally-Just AI in Weapons

Jason Scholz and Jai Galliott

in Lethal Autonomous Weapons: Re-Examining the Law and Ethics of Robotic Warfare

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780197546048
eISBN:
9780197546079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197546048.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

For the use of force to be lawful and morally just, future autonomous systems must not commit humanitarian errors or acts of fratricide. To achieve this, we distinguish a novel preventative form of ... More


Programming Precision? Requiring Robust Transparency for AWS

Steven J. Barela and Avery Plaw

in Lethal Autonomous Weapons: Re-Examining the Law and Ethics of Robotic Warfare

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780197546048
eISBN:
9780197546079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197546048.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The possibility of allowing a machine agency over killing human beings is a justifiably concerning development, particularly when we consider the challenge of accountability in the case of illegal or ... More


The Automation of Authority: Discrepancies with Jus Ad Bellum Principles

Donovan Phillips

in Lethal Autonomous Weapons: Re-Examining the Law and Ethics of Robotic Warfare

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780197546048
eISBN:
9780197546079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197546048.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter considers how the adoption of autonomous weapons systems (AWS) may affect jus ad bellum principles of warfare. In particular, it focuses on the use of AWS in non-international armed ... More


Blind Brains and Moral Machines: Neuroscience and Autonomous Weapon Systems

Nicholas G. Evans

in Lethal Autonomous Weapons: Re-Examining the Law and Ethics of Robotic Warfare

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780197546048
eISBN:
9780197546079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197546048.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

While the majority of neuroscience research promises novel therapies for treating dementia and post-traumatic stress disorder, among others, a lesser-known branch of neuroscientific research informs ... More


Ethics of Artificial Intelligence

S. Matthew Liao (ed.)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780190905033
eISBN:
9780190905071
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190905033.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Featuring seventeen original essays on the ethics of artificial intelligence (AI) by today’s most prominent AI scientists and academic philosophers, this volume represents state-of-the-art thinking ... More


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