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Autonomic Nervous System Markers for Psychophysiological, Anxiety, and Physical Disorders

Richard Gevirtz

in Integrative Neuroscience and Personalized Medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195393804
eISBN:
9780199863495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393804.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter explores the use of autonomic nervous system (ANS) measures as potential biomarkers for medically unexplained disorders. It is proposed that these disorders are better classified and ... More


Mechanisms, Mediators, and Adaptive Consequences of Caregiving

Stephen W. Porges and C. Sue Carter

in Moving Beyond Self-Interest: Perspectives from Evolutionary Biology, Neuroscience, and the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195388107
eISBN:
9780199918386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388107.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This essay describes neurobiological and neuroendocrine mechanisms that are implicated in human caregiving. Anatomical and biochemical systems that first appeared in the evolutionary transition from ... More


Autonomic nervous system activities during imagined movements

Christian Collet and Aymeric Guillot

in The neurophysiological foundations of mental and motor imagery

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199546251
eISBN:
9780191701412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546251.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter explores the experimental studies investigating motor imagery through the recording of autonomic nervous system activity. It ... More


Cross Talk between the Autonomic and Central Nervous Systems: Mechanistic and Therapeutic Considerations for Neuronal, Immune, Vascular, and Somatic-Based Diseases

Fuad Lechin and Bertha van der Dijs

in Neurovascular Medicine: Pursuing Cellular Longevity for Healthy Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195326697
eISBN:
9780199864874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326697.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter summarizes anatomical, physiological, pathophysiological, pharmacological, immunological, and some therapeutic information dealing with most types of diseases. Evidence is presented to ... More


Feelings from the Body Viewed as Emotions: Ideas from the lamina I projection map that add to the textbooks

A. D. (Bud) Craig

in How Do You Feel?: An Interoceptive Moment with Your Neurobiological Self

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156767
eISBN:
9781400852727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156767.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Neurobiology

This chapter discusses the fundamental significance of homeostasis and the autonomic nervous system. The goal of homeostasis is the balanced, energy-efficient maintenance of the integrity and health ... More


Neurobiology and the Evolution of Mammalian Social Behavior

C. Sue Carter and Stephen W. Porges

in Evolution, Early Experience and Human Development: From Research to Practice and Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199755059
eISBN:
9780199979479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755059.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

At the heart of mammalian social behaviors are evolved neural and endocrine pathways that support both survival and reproduction in an “environment of evolutionary adaptiveness.” The physiological ... More


Integration and control: the nervous system

Derek Burton and Margaret Burton

in Essential Fish Biology: Diversity, structure, and function

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198785552
eISBN:
9780191827433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198785552.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Animal Biology

The complexity of fish behaviour and information processing indicates high levels of neural, anatomical and functional organization. Neural cells are conducting neurons and neuroglia with putative ... More


. Chemical Transmission at Synapses (1895–1945)

Joseph D. Robinson

in Mechanisms of Synaptic Transmission: Bridging the Gaps (1890-1990)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195137613
eISBN:
9780199848164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137613.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter describes early evidence for chemical transmission in the autonomic nervous system, at neuromuscular junctions, and in the central nervous system. Chemical transmission in the autonomic ... More


Another Little Piece of My Heart: Positive Emotions and the Autonomic Nervous System

Michelle N. Shiota and Alexander F. Danvers

in Positive Emotion: Integrating the Light Sides and Dark Sides

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199926725
eISBN:
9780199394531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926725.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Theories of emotion often posit that visceral physiological changes mediated by the autonomic nervous system are a fundamental aspect of emotional responding. Early empirical studies of “happiness” ... More


Processing Emotions Induced by Music

L. J. Trainor and L. A. Schmidt

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Music

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198525202
eISBN:
9780191689314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525202.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

Can music induce emotions directly and, if so, are these emotions experienced similarly to emotions arising in other contexts? This chapter analyzes these questions from the perspective of ... More


From physiology to experience: Enriching existing conceptions of “arousal” in affective science

Giovanna Colombetti and Neil Harrison

in The Interoceptive Mind: From Homeostasis to Awareness

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198811930
eISBN:
9780191850080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198811930.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter examines the notion of “arousal”, an influential notion in affective science referring to the degree of an individual’s “activation” or “excitement” during an emotional state. It ... More


Chemical Transmission at Synapses (1945–1965)

Joseph D. Robinson

in Mechanisms of Synaptic Transmission: Bridging the Gaps (1890-1990)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195137613
eISBN:
9780199848164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137613.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter discusses advances in identifying chemical transmission across synapses from 1945 to 1965. John C. Eccles dominated synaptic physiology before this period, first defending electrical ... More


Autonomic Regulation, Polyvagal Theory, and Children’s Prosocial Development

Paul D. Hastings and Jonas G. Miller

in Prosocial Development: A Multidimensional Approach

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199964772
eISBN:
9780199368693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199964772.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Social Psychology

Early studies examining the relations between respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), an index of parasympathetic regulation, and children’s prosocial development provided little evidence of consistent ... More


Embodied Stereotype Threat: Exploring Brain and Body Mechanisms Underlying Performance Impairments

Wendy Berry Mendes and Jeremy Jamieson

in Stereotype Threat: Theory, Process, and Application

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732449
eISBN:
9780199918508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732449.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In this chapter, we explore brain and body mechanisms that link the experience of stereotype threat to changes in cognitive and behavioral performance. We begin by identifying a model of causal ... More


The Consequences of In-Your-Face Politics for Arousal and Memory

Diana C. Mutz

in In-Your-Face Politics: The Consequences of Uncivil Media

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691165110
eISBN:
9781400865871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691165110.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter explores how emotional arousal is a common component of everyday experience. Arousal can be positive and/or negative, and it can vary greatly in its intensity. Importantly, arousal is a ... More


Learning, the Foundation of Intelligence

Duane M. Rumbaugh and David A. Washburn

in Intelligence of Apes and Other Rational Beings

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300099836
eISBN:
9780300129359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300099836.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter illustrates that learning reflects the neurophysiological design and operations of the body. Such is the case with respondent conditioning, which acknowledges that a response is ... More


Gravity

Ann Cooper Albright

in How to Land: Finding Ground in an Unstable World

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780190873677
eISBN:
9780190873714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190873677.003.0005
Subject:
Music, Dance

This chapter weaves an in-depth discussion of the physical function of releasing our bodies into the support of gravity with an analysis of how that experience can serve as an important stability in ... More


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