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The Principles of Life

Tibor Ganti

Eors Szathmary and James Griesemer (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198507260
eISBN:
9780191584886
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507260.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

What is life? What are the essential differences between the living and non-living systems? The exact scientific answers to these ancient questions are indispensable preconditions for the ... More


Modeling Reality: How Computers Mirror Life

Iwo Bialynicki-Birula and Iwona Bialynicka-Birula

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198531005
eISBN:
9780191713033
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198531005.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book covers a wide range of subjects concerning the use of computer modeling to solve a diverse set of problems. The book covers some advanced topics (cellular automata, Shannon measure of ... More


Neo‐Cartesianism

Michael J. Murray

in Nature Red in Tooth and Claw: Theism and the Problem of Animal Suffering

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199237272
eISBN:
9780191717291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237272.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The argument for atheism presumes that animal suffering is both real and bad. This presumption has been challenged historically by Cartesians and others who regard animals as non-conscious automata. ... More


Markov Chain Models of Ion Channels and Calcium Release Sites

Jeffrey R. Groff, Hilary DeRemigio, and Gregory D. Smith

in Stochastic Methods in Neuroscience

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199235070
eISBN:
9780191715778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235070.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Biostatistics

This chapter is an introduction to modelling stochastically gating ion channels using continuous-time discrete-state Markov chains. Analytical and numerical methods are presented for determining ... More


Time Travel

Nick Huggett

in Everywhere and Everywhen: Adventures in Physics and Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195379518
eISBN:
9780199776559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379518.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Suppose you were to walk through a door and come out on the other side the day before; that would be travel backwards in time, as these chapters explain. However, is it at all possible? Chapter 12 ... More


Why Can't I Stop My Younger Self from Time Traveling?

Nick Huggett

in Everywhere and Everywhen: Adventures in Physics and Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195379518
eISBN:
9780199776559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379518.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Suppose you were to walk through a door and come out on the other side the day before; that would be travel backwards in time, as these chapters explain. However, is it at all possible? Chapter 12 ... More


Patterns in granular segregation

Igor S. Aranson and Lev S. Tsimring

in Granular Patterns

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199534418
eISBN:
9780191714665
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534418.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter contains an overview of experiments and theories on segregation occurring in heterogeneous granular materials. One of the most fascinating features of heterogeneous (i.e., consisting of ... More


Conclusion

Adelheid Voskuhl

in Androids in the Enlightenment: Mechanics, Artisans, and Cultures of the Self

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226034027
eISBN:
9780226034331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226034331.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter summarizes the main themes covered in the preceding discussions and presents some final thoughts. The case of the two women automata considered in this study integrates the history of ... More


Talking Heads, Automaton Ears

Steven Connor

in Dumbstruck: A Cultural History of Ventriloquism

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198184331
eISBN:
9780191674204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198184331.003.0016
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

From the earliest times, the history of ventriloquism has been shadowed by the history of attempts to create automata capable of simulating or actually replicating speech. The history of efforts to ... More


Growth Phenomena in Cellular Automata

Janko Gravner

in New Constructions in Cellular Automata

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195137170
eISBN:
9780197561652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195137170.003.0010
Subject:
Computer Science, Systems Analysis and Design

We illustrate growth phenomena in two-dimensional cellular automata (CA) by four case studies. The first CA, which we call Obstacle Course, describes the effect that ... More


Elaborating Abilities: The Expressive Role of Logic

Robert B. Brandom

in Between Saying and Doing: Towards an Analytic Pragmatism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199542871
eISBN:
9780191715662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542871.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter presents a meaning-use analysis of the expressive role characteristic of logical vocabulary. In mastering the material inferences needed to deploy ordinary, non-logical vocabulary, one ... More


Introduction

Roger White, Guy Engelen, and Inge Uljee

in Modeling Cities and Regions As Complex Systems: From Theory to Planning Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029568
eISBN:
9780262331371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029568.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

The fundamental premise of the book is that cities and regions are complex, self-organizing, adaptive systems, and that they are therefore best understood by focussing on the processes by which they ... More


Melancholia and the Passions 1643–1650

Stephen Gaukroger

in Descartes: An Intellectual Biography

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237242
eISBN:
9780191597480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237243.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Examines Descartes's later years through the large volume of correspondence from that period, much of it with Princess Elizabeth of Bohemia. This correspondence was mainly concerned with the ... More


A New System of the World 1630–1633

Stephen Gaukroger

in Descartes: An Intellectual Biography

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237242
eISBN:
9780191597480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237243.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Discusses the structure and content of Le Monde, which deals with corpuscularianism, a theory of matter based on fluid mechanics containing the contentious theories of conservation of motion and the ... More


The Phase Transition in the Random HornSAT Problem

Demetrios D. Demopoulos and Moshe Y. Vardi

in Computational Complexity and Statistical Physics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195177374
eISBN:
9780197562260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195177374.003.0017
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

This chapter presents a study of the satisfiability of random Horn formulas and a search for a phase transition. In the past decade, phase transitions or ... More


Pattern Formation and Spatiotemporal Chaos

Robert C. Hilborn

in Chaos and Nonlinear Dynamics: An Introduction for Scientists and Engineers

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198507239
eISBN:
9780191709340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507239.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

When a dynamical system has significant spatial extent, its nonlinear dynamics can lead to the spontaneous formation of spatial patterns. Such systems provide models for how nature might have ... More


Nature's Art

Howard Marchitello

in The Machine in the Text: Science and Literature in the Age of Shakespeare and Galileo

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608058
eISBN:
9780191729492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608058.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature, Shakespeare Studies

This chapter begins with a discussion of The Winter's Tale in which we see Shakespeare negotiating the art–nature contest in two complexly related moments. The first is Polixenes' declaration that ... More


Universal Cellular Automata Based on the Collisions of Soft Spheres

Norman H. Margolus

in New Constructions in Cellular Automata

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195137170
eISBN:
9780197561652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195137170.003.0013
Subject:
Computer Science, Systems Analysis and Design

Fredkin’s Billiard Ball Model (BBM) is a continuous classical mechanical model of computation based on the elastic collisions of identical finite-diameter hard ... More


Continuous-Valued Cellular Automata in Two Dimensions

Rudy Rucker

in New Constructions in Cellular Automata

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195137170
eISBN:
9780197561652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195137170.003.0016
Subject:
Computer Science, Systems Analysis and Design

We explore a variety of two-dimensional continuous-valued cellular automata (CAs). We discuss how to derive CA schemes from differential equations and look at CAs ... More


Descartes and the Ontology of Everyday Life

Deborah J. Brown and Calvin G. Normore

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198836810
eISBN:
9780191881688
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198836810.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Far from being the founder of an austere reductionism, Descartes is committed to a rich, multilayered, and complex metaphysics. This book begins by locating Descartes’s work against the ancient and ... More


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