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Relative Truth

Manuel García-Carpintero and Max Kölbel (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199234950
eISBN:
9780191715846
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234950.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

The truth of an utterance depends on various factors. Usually these factors are assumed to be: the meaning of the sentence uttered; the context in which the utterance was made; and the way things are ... More


Approach to Aesthetics: Collected Papers on Philosophical Aesthetics

Frank Sibley

John Benson, Betty Redfern, and Jeremy Roxbee Cox (eds)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238997
eISBN:
9780191598418
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238991.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Includes some of the most significant of Sibley’s published papers as well as five new essays previously unpublished. The point of the book is not a systematic introduction to aesthetics, but rather ... More


Aesthetic Properties, Evaluative Force, and Differences of Sensibility

Jerrold Levinson

in Contemplating Art: Essays in Aesthetics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199206179
eISBN:
9780191709982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206179.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This essay revisits a position on aesthetic attributions, a position rooted in some seminal essays of Frank Sibley, and which can be labelledaesthetic realism. It reflects on some challenges which ... More


Reasoning About Causation

Steven Sloman

in Causal Models: How People Think about the World and Its Alternatives

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195183115
eISBN:
9780199870950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183115.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses three kinds of reasoning that illustrate the central role of causality. The first part shows that causal considerations enter into how people think about some mathematical ... More


PsyCap Optimism: Realistic and Flexible

Fred Luthans, Carolyn M. Youssef, and Bruce J. Avolio

in Psychological Capital: Developing the Human Competitive Edge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195187526
eISBN:
9780199789863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187526.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter first defines PsyCap optimism by using Martin Seligman's explanatory or attribution style, i.e., optimists take credit for positive events in their lives and for negative events ... More


Imagination and Misimagination

Adam Morton

in The Architecture of the Imagination: New Essays on Pretence, Possibility, and Fiction

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199275731
eISBN:
9780191706103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275731.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter tries to say what it is to misimagine another person's mind. The idea that misimagination of mind is possible, that there is a difference between correct or accurate imagination of ... More


Groundedness: The Typicality of Case

John M. Anderson

in Modern Grammars of Case

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297078
eISBN:
9780191711404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297078.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter makes a distinction between syntactic category and lexical word-class, and shows that the semantic basis of functors (and other functional categories) is not limited to them. The ... More


How Do Interests Develop? Bridging Emotion and Personality

Paul J. Silvia

in Exploring the Psychology of Interest

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195158557
eISBN:
9780199786824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158557.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

In light of the history of thought on how interests develop, this chapter proposes a new theory of the development of interests. Called the emotion-attribution theory, this theory uses research on ... More


Disputing about Taste

Andy Egan

in Disagreement

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199226078
eISBN:
9780191594236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226078.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses disagreement about matters of taste. It contends that these disputes are best explained by saying that what is at stake in them is the self-attribution of certain properties ... More


Through the Eyes of the Ego

Mark R. Leary

in The Curse of the Self: Self-Awareness, Egotism, and the Quality of Human Life

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172423
eISBN:
9780199786756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172423.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

People process information about themselves, other people, and the world through the filter of their own self-images and egoistic desires. Their experience of the events that unfold around them is ... More


Attributions and Ideologies: Two Divergent Visions of Human Behavior Behind Our Laws, Policies, and Theories

Adam Benforado and Jon Hanson

in Ideology, Psychology, and Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199737512
eISBN:
9780199918638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737512.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter describes a major rift extending across many important debates over our legal structures, policies, and theories of law. It argues that the divide is based, to a significant extent, on ... More


Group Knowledge Attributions

Jennifer Lackey

in Knowledge Ascriptions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693702
eISBN:
9780191741265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693702.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A view growing in popularity in current philosophical literature is the ‘reliable informant view of knowledge attributions’ (RIVKA), according to which the purpose of knowledge attributions is to ... More


Attribution and Motivation

Ekkehart Schlicht

in On Custom in the Economy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292241
eISBN:
9780191596865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292244.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics, History of Economic Thought

There exists not only a preference for rule following, but also a strong tendency for moulding motives that fit perceived regularities. In this way, customary patterns of behaviour engender motives ... More


Elaboration and Explication of the Proposed Measurement‐Theoretic Account

Robert J. Matthews

in The Measure of Mind: Propositional Attitudes and their Attribution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199211258
eISBN:
9780191705724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211258.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The proposed measurement-theoretic account takes seriously — in a way that the Received View does not — the notion that propositional attitude attributions are natural language representations of ... More


Pieces of Mind: Pieces of Mind: A Theory of Third‐Person Mindreading

Shaun Nichols and Stephen P. Stich

in Mindreading: An Integrated Account of Pretence, Self-Awareness, and Understanding Other Minds

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198236108
eISBN:
9780191600920
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236107.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter presents a detailed account of the mechanisms underlying third person mindreading: the attribution of mental states to others. A speculative Just So Story about the evolutionary origins ... More


Attributing Stance in Discourses of Body Shape and Weight Loss

Justine Coupland and Jaffe Coupland

in Stance: Sociolinguistic Perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331646
eISBN:
9780199867974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331646.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Personal body weight is a burgeoning but complex moral and social policy arena in Britain and the USA. It is an arena where people are subject to medical but also non-medical interventions, advice ... More


The Possibility of Self-Defence Against Non-State Actors

Noam Lubell

in Extraterritorial Use of Force Against Non-State Actors

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199584840
eISBN:
9780191594540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584840.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter analyses the question of whether self-defence as understood in international law, encompasses the possibility of using extraterritorial force against armed groups abroad. It examines the ... More


Origins of Some Representational Categories

Tyler Burge

in Origins of Objectivity

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199581405
eISBN:
9780191723223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581405.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses some relatively basic sorts of perceptual attribution: body, numerosity, spatial relations, and temporal relations. It elaborates accounts of constitutive conditions for having ... More


The Economy of Esteem

Geoffrey Brennan and Philip Pettit

in The Economy of Esteem: An Essay on Civil and Political Society

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199246489
eISBN:
9780191601460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246483.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

We have found reason to think that three conditions are fulfilled in the case of esteem.1. Esteem is an object of general desire that is in scarce supply, both in the sense of requiring effort to ... More


On Saying that Someone Knows: Themes from Craig

Klemens Kappel

in Social Epistemology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577477
eISBN:
9780191595189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577477.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

In his book Knowledge and the State of Nature, Edward Craig proposes a new methodological approach to one of the crucial questions in epistemology, the question what knowledge is, or more precisely ... More


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