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Are Flowers under Selective Pressure to Increase Pollinator Attention?

Beverley J. Glover

in Understanding Flowers and Flowering: An integrated approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565970
eISBN:
9780191714009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565970.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

The underlying assumption of much of the work on flower development and morphology is that these features serve to increase the attractiveness of the flower to pollinating animals, thus maximizing ... More


Brains behind beauty

Anjan Chatterjee

in The Aesthetic Brain: How We Evolved to Desire Beauty and Enjoy Art

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199811809
eISBN:
9780199369546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199811809.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

We usually don’t realize that a person’s attractiveness has a halo effect that makes us think well of them. Could it be that our brains sense attractiveness even when we are not conscious of doing so?


Physical Attractiveness

William Ickes

in Strangers in a Strange Lab: How Personality Shapes Our Initial Encounters with Others

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195372953
eISBN:
9780199893317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372953.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Among the factors that contribute to perceptions that a face is physically attractive are its overall proportion, its “averageness”/prototypically, and the presence of features which — for one's ... More


Why Do Developing Countries Sign BITs? *

Deborah L. Swenson

in The Effect of Treaties on Foreign Direct Investment: Bilateral Investment Treaties, Double Taxation Treaties, and Investment Flows

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195388534
eISBN:
9780199855322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388534.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter examines the correlation between previous foreign investment and the signing of bilateral investment treaties (BITs) to explore whether there is any evidence that the signing of BITs is ... More


Chivalry and Violence in Medieval Europe

Richard Kaeuper

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199244584
eISBN:
9780191697388
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244584.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

Medieval Europe was a rapidly developing society with a problem of violent disorder. This study reveals that chivalry was just as much a part of this problem as it was its solution. Chivalry praised ... More


Strangers in a Strange Lab: How Personality Shapes Our Initial Encounters with Others

William Ickes

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195372953
eISBN:
9780199893317
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372953.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Can we predict how well we will get along with others even before we meet them? According to the research findings reported in this book, we can. This book summarizes decades of research on how ... More


Facial Attractiveness

Anthony C. Little and David I. Perrett

in The Science of Social Vision

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195333176
eISBN:
9780199864324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333176.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter presents data that is in line with the notion that averageness, sexual dimorphism, and symmetry may all advertise qualities in human faces and are, hence, found attractive. Individual ... More


Why Cosmetics Work

Richard Russell

in The Science of Social Vision

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195333176
eISBN:
9780199864324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333176.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter addresses the question of whether personal decoration practices are arbitrary or follow discernable rules. The primary focus of investigation is the practice of color cosmetics(make-up). ... More


Context-Specific Responses to Self-Resembling Faces

Lisa M. DeBruine and Benedict C. Jones

in The Science of Social Vision

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195333176
eISBN:
9780199864324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333176.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter details the methodological issues surrounding the experimental study of human facial resemblance and reviews experimental evidence from studies using such methods. Facial resemblance was ... More


Valuing Persons

Troy Jollimore

in Love's Vision

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148724
eISBN:
9781400838677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148724.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that the perceived tension between loving persons and valuing the qualities and other properties that attach to persons is largely ungrounded. In particular, we need not worry ... More


The measure of facial beauty

Anjan Chatterjee

in The Aesthetic Brain: How We Evolved to Desire Beauty and Enjoy Art

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199811809
eISBN:
9780199369546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199811809.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The chapter opens with historical examples that drive home the point that most groups make up stories to proclaim their own exceptionality. The earliest attempts to measure beauty, especially with ... More


Prescribing Christian Cosmetics: Moving Bodies and Intercorporeality

Richard Werbner

in Holy Hustlers, Schism, and Prophecy: Apostolic Reformation in Botswana

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520268531
eISBN:
9780520949461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520268531.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Religion

This chapter discusses counterfabrication and Christian cosmetics in order to highlight the pervasive concern for attractiveness and proximity to God. The argument applies to Apostolic vestments ... More


Halo effects

Benedetti Fabrizio

in Placebo Effects: 2nd Edition: Understanding the mechanisms in health and disease

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198705086
eISBN:
9780191789151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198705086.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

In this short chapter there are more questions than answers. It does not want to go into the complex domain of social psychology. It merely aims to stimulate further research on the effects of the ... More


7 The Aesthetics of Human Beauty

Stephen Davies

in The Artful Species: Aesthetics, Art, and Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199658541
eISBN:
9780191746253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658541.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Science

Evolutionary psychologists reduce human beauty to female sexual attractiveness in the context of mate selection. Rather than considering other forms of human beauty, this chapter shows how their ... More


But she that filches from me my good name: Women and competition

ANNE CAMPBELL

in A Mind Of Her Own: The Evolutionary Psychology of Women

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198504986
eISBN:
9780191584879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198504986.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Charles Darwin firmly believed in the importance of mate choice among women, but he was vague about why some characteristics were preferred over others. Not surprisingly perhaps, women like ... More


But she that filches from me my good name: Women and mate competition

in A mind of her own: The evolutionary psychology of women

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199609543
eISBN:
9780191747717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609543.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Developmental Psychology

In most species, where male investment in offspring is minimal, males compete to attract females. In humans, the evolution of biparental care and monogamy meant that males became choosier and females ... More


Romantic Experiences

Aaron Ben-Ze'ev

in The Arc of Love: How Our Romantic Lives Change over Time

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226633909
eISBN:
9780226634067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226634067.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In falling and staying in love, both attractiveness and praiseworthiness of traits and achievements are important. Regarding attraction, most people would be happy to be regarded as both beautiful ... More


Beauty in Greek

David Konstan

in Beauty: The Fortunes of an Ancient Greek Idea

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199927265
eISBN:
9780190205508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199927265.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter begins by illustrating the controversy over whether there existed a term, or a concept, that unequivocally meant “beauty” in ancient Greek. It is then argued that the issue has been ... More


Social Relationships

Robyn M. Holmes

in Cultural Psychology: Exploring Culture and Mind in Diverse Communities

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780199343805
eISBN:
9780197503089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199343805.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Chapter 8 explores the ways culture shapes our social relationships. It discusses relational models theory, conditions for forming friendships, culture-specific and cross-cultural studies on ... More


“Green Me Up, Scotty”: Psychological Influence Techniques for Increasing Pro-Environmental Employee Behavior

Kerrie L. Unsworth

in The Psychology of Green Organizations

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780199997480
eISBN:
9780190272364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199997480.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Much research has looked at interventions designed to increase pro-environmental behavior. This chapter uses goal theories to understand why and how these interventions work and to provide an ... More


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