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Tonal Pitch Space

Fred Lerdahl

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195178296
eISBN:
9780199870370
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178296.001.0001
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This book builds on and in many ways completes the project of Fred Lerdahl and Ray Jackendoff's influential A Generative Theory of Tonal Music. Like the earlier volume, this book is both a ... More


Gravity as a Universal Force of Interaction (Propositions 7–13 Book 3)

William L. Harper

in Isaac Newton's Scientific Method: Turning Data into Evidence about Gravity and Cosmology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199570409
eISBN:
9780191728679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570409.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Part I reviews Newton’s argument for his conceptual transition from gravity as centripetal forces of attraction toward planets to gravity as a universal force of pair-wise interaction between bodies. ... More


Root selection and dynamical systems

Christopher G. Small and Jinfang Wang

in Numerical Methods for Nonlinear Estimating Equations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198506881
eISBN:
9780191709258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506881.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter explores the relationship between the numerical methods described in earlier chapters and the theory of dynamical systems. An estimating function defines a dynamical estimating system, ... More


Depth contrast

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Seeing in Depth: Volume 1: Basic Mechanics/ Volume 2: Depth Perception 2-Volume Set

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367607
eISBN:
9780199867264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367607.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

An object in one location can influence the perceived spatial disposition of an object in a neighbouring location or of an object seen successively in the same location. This chapter discusses these ... More


Chromatic Tonal Spacesm

Fred Lerdahl

in Tonal Pitch Space

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195178296
eISBN:
9780199870370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178296.003.0006
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This chapter extends the diatonic model of Chapter 2 to chromatic spaces that are relevant to the music of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. First, the evolution of pitch space is demonstrated ... More


Dissonance and Discord

Peter van der Merwe

in Roots of the Classical: The Popular Origins of Western Music

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198166474
eISBN:
9780191713880
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198166474.003.0009
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter distinguishes between dissonance and discord. Dissonance is the property of attraction or repulsion between notes of different pitch, giving rise to a sense of instability or ... More


International Organizations as a Profession: Professional Mobility and Power Distribution *

Jean‐Marc Coicaud

in The International Mobility of Talent: Types, Causes, and Development Impact

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199532605
eISBN:
9780191714627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532605.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The role of international organizations grows with the acceleration of globalization and the increasing importance of global governance. However, thus far, only limited and rather narrow research has ... More


Beyond Hypotheses: Newton's Methodology vs. Hypothetico‐Deductive Methodology

William L. Harper

in Isaac Newton's Scientific Method: Turning Data into Evidence about Gravity and Cosmology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199570409
eISBN:
9780191728679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570409.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Part I. Some methodological remarks from Newton: Gravity as pair-wise interactions between bodies is compatible with a variety of possible locally acting causes. Empirically establishing conditions ... More


Man and Beast

Erika Lorraine Milam

in Creatures of Cain

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691181882
eISBN:
9780691185095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691181882.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter looks into the work of Desmond Morris, particularly his book, The Naked Ape: A Zoologist's View of the Human Animal (1967). Morris took a more light-hearted approach to human nature than ... More


Why?: A Letter to My Lover

Sheena M. King

in Interrupted Life: Experiences of Incarcerated Women in the United States

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520252493
eISBN:
9780520944565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252493.003.0025
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

In this chapter about homosexuality and same-sex relationships, the author shares her innermost feelings for a fellow prisoner named Charlotte. She asks why they had to meet and fall deeply, madly ... More


PHYSICAL ORIGINS OF SURFACE FORCES

C. Mathew Mate

in Tribology on the Small Scale: A Bottom Up Approach to Friction, Lubrication, and Wear

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198526780
eISBN:
9780191712098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526780.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The energies and forces between contacting surfaces originate from the interaction forces between atoms and molecules. This chapter discusses how these atomic level forces lead to various types of ... More


The Science of Sexual Attraction

Eric Anderson

in The Monogamy Gap: Men, Love, and the Reality of Cheating

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199777921
eISBN:
9780199919062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199777921.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the science of sexual attraction. It investigates how attraction works; why we are attracted to people, and how that attraction affects us biologically. It explores both ... More


FORCES BETWEEN MOLECULES AND BETWEEN IONS

C. N. Hinshelwood

in The Structure of Physical Chemistry

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198570257
eISBN:
9780191717659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570257.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses interatomic forces. Topics covered include Van der Waals forces, interaction of zero-point oscillations, the induction effect, orientation effects, attractions and repulsions, ... More


Sex and Sexual Relationships

BONNIE S. McDOUGALL

in Love-Letters and Privacy in Modern China: The Intimate Lives of Lu Xun and Xu Guangping

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199256792
eISBN:
9780191698378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256792.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines the love affair between Lu Xun and Xu Guangping, and their sexual relationships with others. The salient issue on which Lu Xun and Xu Guangping were most reticent was sex. Even ... More


Economic Development Policies: Their Role in Economic Divergence

Michael Storper, Thomas Kemeny, Naji Philip Makarem, and Taner Osman

in The Rise and Fall of Urban Economies: Lessons from San Francisco and Los Angeles

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780804789400
eISBN:
9780804796026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804789400.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

Regional economic development is shaped by many policies, which are implemented by national governments, regional and state governments, and local governments. But local economic development policies ... More


“A jaunt … agreeable and instructive”: The Vacationer as Tourist

Cindy S. Aron

in Working at Play: A History of Vacations in the United States

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195142341
eISBN:
9780199849024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195142341.003.0006
Subject:
History, Social History

The history of tourism cannot be entirely subsumed within the history of vacations. Some people became tourists without being on vacation at all; business travelers, for example, who “did” the sights ... More


Friendship and Self-Love

W.F.R. Hardie

in Aristotle's Ethical Theory

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246329
eISBN:
9780191680953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246329.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

‘Friendship’ is an inadequate rendering of philia, which covers any mutual attraction between two human beings. Friends are persons outside the immediate family circle with whom interests are shared, ... More


The Evolutionary Psychology of Sex and Gender

John Dupré

in Human Nature and the Limits of Science

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248063
eISBN:
9780191597367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248060.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Provides an exposition and criticism of the central ideas in the sociobiology and evolutionary psychology of sex and gender. Also reviews the kinds of evidence that are offered for claims in this ... More


Kant on Understanding Organisms as Natural Purposes

Hannah Ginsborg

in Kant and the Sciences

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195133059
eISBN:
9780199786169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195133056.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This paper explains why Kant thinks that organisms must be regarded as purposes, and how this can be done while respecting their status as natural products rather than artifacts. Kant’s premise that ... More


Substance and Phenomenal Substance

Rae Langton

in Kantian Humility: Our Ignorance of Things in Themselves

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243174
eISBN:
9780191597909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243174.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In considering phenomenal substance, an empiricist notion of ‘phenomenon’ as the manifest is to be distinguished from a rationalist notion of phenomenon as the non‐fundamental. And the pure concept ... More


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