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Molecules and Models: The molecular structures of main group element compounds

Arne Haaland

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235353
eISBN:
9780191715594
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235353.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The book opens with three chapters describing the properties of atoms. The first chapter deals with the application of quantum mechanics to hydrogen and other one-electron atoms; the second with the ... More


Emergence of Informal Groups of States

Jochen Prantl

in The UN Security Council and Informal Groups of States

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287680
eISBN:
9780191603723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287686.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the question of what triggered the emergence of informal groups of states in the form of the advisory committees in the 1950s, and argues that their establishment has to be seen ... More


Crystal Structure Refinement: A Crystallographer's Guide to SHELXL

Peter Müller, Regine Herbst-Irmer, Anthony L. Spek, Thomas R. Schneider, and Michael R. Sawaya

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780198570769
eISBN:
9780191718809
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570769.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This book covers advanced aspects of practical crystal structure refinement, focusing on practical problems in the everyday life of a crystallographer. After an introduction to SHELXL in the first ... More


Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy: Second Edition

C. Julian Chen

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211500
eISBN:
9780191705991
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211500.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The scanning tunneling microscope (STM) and the atomic force microscope (AFM), both capable of visualizing and manipulating individual atoms, are the cornerstones of nanoscience and nanotechnology ... More


Molecular Propositions

Marie McGinn

in Elucidating the ‘Tractatus’: Wittgenstein's Early Philosophy of Logic and Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199244447
eISBN:
9780191714146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244447.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In showing that all representation of the world takes place through the representation of possible states of affairs in elementary propositions, Wittgenstein has begun to clarify both how one ... More


High-Resolution Electron Microscopy

John C. H. Spence

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199552757
eISBN:
9780191708664
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552757.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book covers both practical and theoretical aspects of atomic resolution transmission electron microscopy. The discovery of the carbon nanotube, the three-dimensional imaging of the ribosome, and ... More


Solving the phase problem using isomorphous replacement

Sherin S. Abdel-Meguid

in Macromolecular Crystallography: conventional and high-throughput methods

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520979
eISBN:
9780191706295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520979.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the theoretical basis of isomorphous replacement. It then discusses the selection of heavy-atom reagents, heavy atoms and their ligands, preparation of ... More


List of conclusions

JESPER LÜTZEN

in Mechanistic Images in Geometric Form: Heinrich Hertz's 'Principles of Mechanics'

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198567370
eISBN:
9780191717925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567370.003.0028
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter presents a list of conclusions about Heinrich Hertz's mechanics. First, Hertz conceived of his mechanics as the foundation of all of physics and thought that there was strong empirical ... More


Kelvin on Atoms and Molecules

Elizabeth Garber

in Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231256
eISBN:
9780191710803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231256.003.0012
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter focuses on Lord Kelvin's works on atoms and molecules. He published his first paper on the subject in 1861 and his last in 1907. His first foray into atoms and molecules was to estimate ... More


‘Put My Name Down’: US Communism and Peace Songs in the Early Cold War Years

Robbie Lieberman

in Red Strains: Music and Communism Outside the Communist Bloc

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265390
eISBN:
9780191760440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265390.003.0010
Subject:
Music, History, Western

At the height of the McCarthy era, a period that marked the low point of both communism and peace activism in the United States, the communist left continued to promote its ideas about peace through ... More


Ultracold Gases and Quantum Information: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School in Singapore: Volume 91, July 2009

Christian Miniatura, Leong-Chuan Kwek, Martial Ducloy, Benoît Grémaud, Berthold-Georg Englert, Leticia Cugliandolo, Artur Ekert, and Kok Khoo Phua (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603657
eISBN:
9780191729515
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603657.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

In recent years, there has been much synergy between the exciting areas of quantum information science and ultracold atoms. This volume, as part of the proceedings for the XCI session of Les Houches ... More


Contact and Other Results *

Nomi Erteschik‐Shir and Tova Rapoport

in Lexical Semantics, Syntax, and Event Structure

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199544325
eISBN:
9780191720536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544325.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

We consider the account of verbs of contact within the framework of Atom Theory and expand the analysis of forceful point‐of‐contact verbs such as hit and surface contact types like smear to plural ... More


NONIDEAL PLASMA. BASIC CONCEPTS

V. E. Fortov, I. T. Iakubov, and A. G. Khrapak

in Physics of Strongly Coupled Plasma

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199299805
eISBN:
9780191714948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299805.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This introductory chapter discusses different types of interparticle interactions (Coulomb, electron-atom, and ion-atom) and the criteria of nonideality. The classification of states is given and the ... More


NONEQUILIBRIUM PHASE TRANSITIONS

Nasr M. Ghoniem and Daniel D. Walgraef

in Instabilities and Self-Organization in Materials: Volume I: Fundamentals of Nanoscience, Volume II: Applications in Materials Design and Nanotechnology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298686
eISBN:
9780191720222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298686.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents theoretical developments in the treatment of atomic clustering. The theory is applicable to atomic species, which broadly include lattice or surface atoms, molecules, impurities ... More


Selection rules for electric dipole transitions

Alan Corney

in Atomic and Laser Spectroscopy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211456
eISBN:
9780191705915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211456.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The quantum-mechanical selection rules for electric dipole radiative transitions between atomic energy levels are derived, firstly for one-electron atoms without spin, and then including spin angular ... More


The Atomists

C. C. W. Taylor

in Pleasure, Mind, and Soul: Selected Papers in Ancient Philosophy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199226399
eISBN:
9780191710209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226399.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter summarizes and criticizes the principal doctrines of the 5th-century atomists Leucippus and Democritus. Topics discussed are physical principles, chance and necessity, epistemology, ... More


Democritus and Lucretius on Death and Dying

C. C. W. Taylor

in Pleasure, Mind, and Soul: Selected Papers in Ancient Philosophy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199226399
eISBN:
9780191710209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226399.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter compares the treatments of death and dying by Democritus and Lucretius. Both held the soul to be a physical structure of atoms, and death to consist in the loss of soul-atoms from the ... More


Illness as Stasis

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0034
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter sheds light on the Chinese conception of qi and explains why Asclepiades and his followers came up with the image of the body as being made of “un-joined mass pchapters”, and why ... More


Introduction: The Revival of Ancient Materialism

Catherine Wilson

in Epicureanism at the Origins of Modernity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199238811
eISBN:
9780191716492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238811.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter contains an historical sketch of the circumstances surrounding the recovery of the text of Lucretius's On the Nature of Things and the spread of Epicureanism from Italy to France and ... More


Atomism and Mechanism

Catherine Wilson

in Epicureanism at the Origins of Modernity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199238811
eISBN:
9780191716492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238811.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The ancient atomists, beginning with Democritus, maintained that there existed only atoms, endowed with a power of motion, and void, and that sensory qualities such as colors and scents had no ... More


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