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Tunable dye lasers and atomic spectroscopy

Alan Corney

in Atomic and Laser Spectroscopy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211456
eISBN:
9780191705915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211456.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter discusses the principles of tunable dye lasers and the construction of some typical systems. Applications of these devices to atomic saturated absorption spectroscopy, the measurement of ... More


Niels Bohr and the Quantum Atom: The Bohr Model of Atomic Structure 1913–1925

Helge Kragh

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199654987
eISBN:
9780191741692
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654987.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The theory of atomic structure proposed by the young Danish physicist Niels Bohr in 1913 marked the true beginning of modern atomic and quantum physics. This is the first book that focuses in detail ... More


Elements of atomic spectroscopy

Vladilen Letokhov and Sveneric Johansson

in Astrophysical Lasers

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199548279
eISBN:
9780191720512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548279.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter illustrates atomic structures of increasing complexity by using energy level diagrams of atoms or ions, for which fluorescence and natural laser radiation have been proposed. It defines ... More


THE NATURE OF ATOMS

C. N. Hinshelwood

in The Structure of Physical Chemistry

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198570257
eISBN:
9780191717659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570257.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the structure of atoms. Topics covered include electrons, electron waves, the nuclear atom, atomic structure, energy levels, interpretation of quantum numbers, spectra and ... More


A Magic Wand

Helge Kragh

in Niels Bohr and the Quantum Atom: The Bohr Model of Atomic Structure 1913–1925

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199654987
eISBN:
9780191741692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654987.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

In a major work of 1918 (‘On the quantum theory of line-spectra’) Bohr reconsidered the general principles of quantum and atomic theory. Apart from reinterpreting his original theory, he introduced ... More


Ludwig Boltzmann: The Man Who Trusted Atoms

Carlo Cercignani

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570646
eISBN:
9780191717949
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570646.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This book looks at the life and personality, the scientific and philosophical work of Ludwig Boltzmann, an Austrian physicist who made significant contributions to the development of the atomic ... More


Bragg’s Law: Diffraction

Brian Cantor

in The Equations of Materials

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198851875
eISBN:
9780191886683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851875.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The diffraction of X-rays is used as the main method for determining the atomic and molecular structures of inorganic and biological materials. The basic law of diffraction was discovered by Lawrence ... More


Physics of Elasticity and Crystal Defects

Adrian P. Sutton

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198860785
eISBN:
9780191893001
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198860785.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Crystallography: Physics

Mechanical properties of crystalline materials are almost always dominated by the defects within them. The ability to shape metals into pipes, girders and furniture stems from the generation, motion ... More


Bravais Lattices: Crystals

Brian Cantor

in The Equations of Materials

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198851875
eISBN:
9780191886683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851875.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Most solid materials are crystalline, with their component atoms and molecules arranged in regular arrays throughout space. The French scientist Auguste Bravais showed that there are only 14 ... More


Early Days of X-ray Crystallography

André Authier

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199659845
eISBN:
9780191748219
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659845.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

2012 marked the centenary of one of the most significant discoveries of the early twentieth century: the discovery of X-ray diffraction in March 1912 by Laue, Friedrich, and Knipping, and of the ... More


Adding a Dimension

A. R. P. Rau

in The Beauty of Physics: Patterns, Principles, and Perspectives

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780198709916
eISBN:
9780191780189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709916.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Dimensional considerations are a powerful, integral part of physics. Starting with the familiar linear dimension, physics expands the idea in different ways. The essence of even complicated problems ... More


Spin ½ and the Periodic Table

Frank S. Levin

in Surfing the Quantum World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198808275
eISBN:
9780191846014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808275.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Some major quantal developments are described in Chapter 10. The Stern-Gerlach experiment is encountered first, wherein a beam of silver atoms is deflected by a magnetic field, leading to a pair of ... More


Janusian Process in Creative Discovery

Albert Rothenberg

in Flight from Wonder: An Investigation of Scientific Creativity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199988792
eISBN:
9780190214159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199988792.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Verbatim descriptions are presented of the use of the janusian process in creative discovery by Edwin McMillan on phase stability and the synchrotron, Nicolaas Bloembergen on the solid-state maser, ... More


What’s Wrong with This Picture?: The Description of Nature at the End of the Nineteenth Century

Jim Baggott

in The Quantum Cookbook: Mathematical Recipes for the Foundations for Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198827856
eISBN:
9780191866579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827856.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Despite its intuitive appeal, classical mechanics is just as fraught with conceptual difficulties and problems of interpretation as its quantum replacement. The problems just happen to be rather less ... More


Crystal Field Theory

Wai-Kee Li, Yu-San Cheung, Kendrew Kin Wah Mak, and Thomas Chung Wai Mak

in Problems in Structural Inorganic Chemistry

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199658497
eISBN:
9780191775055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658497.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents thirty problems covering the subject of crystal field theory, along with the corresponding solutions.


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