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Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy: Second Edition

C. Julian Chen

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211500
eISBN:
9780191705991
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211500.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The scanning tunneling microscope (STM) and the atomic force microscope (AFM), both capable of visualizing and manipulating individual atoms, are the cornerstones of nanoscience and nanotechnology ... More


Overview

C. Julian Chen

in Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy: Second Edition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211500
eISBN:
9780191705991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211500.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents the basic designs and working principles of STM and AFM, as well as an elementary theory of tunneling and the imaging mechanism of atomic resolution. Three elementary theories ... More


Atomic Force Microscopy

C. Julian Chen

in Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy: Second Edition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211500
eISBN:
9780191705991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211500.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses atomic force microscopy (AFM), focusing on the methods for atomic force detection. Although the force detection always requires a cantilever, there are two types of modes: the ... More


MEASURING SURFACE FORCES

C. Mathew Mate

in Tribology on the Small Scale: A Bottom Up Approach to Friction, Lubrication, and Wear

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198526780
eISBN:
9780191712098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526780.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter focuses on the two experimental techniques — the surface force apparatus (SFA) and the atomic force microscope (AFM) — that are commonly used for measuring molecular level forces that ... More


Acoustically excited probe microscopy

G. A. D. Briggs and O. V. Kolosov

in Acoustic Microscopy: Second Edition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199232734
eISBN:
9780191716355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232734.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Valiant attempts were made to increase the resolution of acoustic microscopy by employing ever higher frequencies and ever less attenuating coupling fluids. But this did not prove the ultimate way to ... More


Measurements of the Casimir Force Between Metals

M. Bordag, G. L. Klimchitskaya, U. Mohideen, and V. M. Mostepanenko

in Advances in the Casimir Effect

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199238743
eISBN:
9780191716461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238743.003.0019
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter starts chronologically with the first measurement, by means of a torsion pendulum, in the recent phase of Casimir force experiments. Then the main breakthroughs in the measurement of the ... More


Phase equilibria, phase changes, and mesophases: Analysis and simulation

ANGELO GAVEZZOTTI

in Molecular Aggregation: Structure analysis and molecular simulation of crystals and liquids

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570806
eISBN:
9780191718779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570806.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

All matter, from the simplest fluid such as gaseous helium to the most complex system like a biological cell, is made of electrons and nuclei. Electric potentials tend to glue the nuclei together, ... More


Scanning Probe Microscopy

Kannan M. Krishnan

in Principles of Materials Characterization and Metrology

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780198830252
eISBN:
9780191868665
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830252.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Scanning probe microscopy (SPM) scans a fine tip close to a surface and measures the tunneling current (STM) or force (SFM), based on many possible tip-surface interactions. STM provides atomic ... More


Advances in the Casimir Effect

Michael Bordag, Galina Leonidovna Klimchitskaya, Umar Mohideen, and Vladimir Mikhaylovich Mostepanenko

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199238743
eISBN:
9780191716461
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238743.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The subject of this book is the Casimir effect, i.e., a manifestation of zero-point oscillations of the quantum vacuum in the form of forces acting between closely spaced bodies. It is a purely ... More


Measuring Surface Forces

C. Mathew Mate and Robert W. Carpick

in Tribology on the Small Scale: A Modern Textbook on Friction, Lubrication, and Wear

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780199609802
eISBN:
9780191747724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199609802.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter focuses on the two experimental techniques—the surface force apparatus (SFA) and the atomic force microscope (AFM)—that are commonly used for measuring molecular level forces that act ... More


The physics of the cell membrane

Martin Michael Müller and Martine Ben Amar

in New Trends in the Physics and Mechanics of Biological Systems: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 92, July 2009

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199605835
eISBN:
9780191729522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605835.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

This chapter introduces some important aspects of the physics of the cell membrane. After a short presentation of the biological facts the chapters shows how the elasticity of the lipid bilayer ... More


Overview

C. Julian Chen

in Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198856559
eISBN:
9780191889905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198856559.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents the basic designs and working principles of STM and AFM, as well as an elementary theory of tunneling and the imaging mechanism of atomic resolution. Three elementary theories ... More


Analytical techniques for studying and characterizing polymorphs

Joel Bernstein

in Polymorphism in Molecular Crystals

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199236565
eISBN:
9780191707940
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236565.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter reviews the variety of analytical methods used in the investigation and characterization of molecular solids in general, and varieties of crystal forms in particular. The fundamental ... More


Atomic Force Microscopy

C. Julian Chen

in Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198856559
eISBN:
9780191889905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198856559.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses atomic force microscopy (AFM), focusing on the methods for atomic force detection. Although the force detection always requires a cantilever, there are two types of modes: the ... More


Probe Microscopy and the Path to Nanotechnology

Cyrus C. M. Mody

in Instrumental Community: Probe Microscopy and the Path to Nanotechnology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262134941
eISBN:
9780262298186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262134941.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter finds that the commercialization of scanning tunnelling microscope (STM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) has played a key role in the widespread use of these instruments in different ... More


Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy

C. Julian Chen

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198856559
eISBN:
9780191889905
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198856559.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The scanning tunnelling microscope (STM) was invented by Binnig and Rohrer and received a Nobel Prize of Physics in 1986. Together with the atomic force microscope (AFM), it enables non-destructive ... More


Analytical techniques for studying and characterizing polymorphs and polymorphic transitions

Joel Bernstein

in Polymorphism in Molecular Crystals

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780199655441
eISBN:
9780191872853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199655441.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Chapter 4 deals with the analytical methods for the characterization of solid forms, including optical and hot stage microscopy, thermal methods (differential scanning calorimetry, thermal ... More


Direct characterization of adsorbed surfactant layers

Bob Aveyard

in Surfactants: In Solution, at Interfaces and in Colloidal Dispersions

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198828600
eISBN:
9780191867125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828600.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Some widely used techniques for the direct physical investigation of the structure of adsorbed surfactant films are introduced. Neutron reflection has yielded very detailed information about adsorbed ... More


Imaging Wavefunctions

C. Julian Chen

in Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198856559
eISBN:
9780191889905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198856559.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The concept of wavefunction was introduced in the first 1926 paper by Erwin Schrödinger as the central object of the atomic world and the cornerstone of quantum mechanics. It is a mathematical ... More


Physical Properties inside Domain Walls: Basic Principles and Scanning Probe Measurements

G. Catalan and N. Domingo

in Domain Walls: From Fundamental Properties to Nanotechnology Concepts

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198862499
eISBN:
9780191895319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862499.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter explains that the field of domain wall (DW) nanoelectronics is predicated on the premise that the distinct physical properties of domain walls offer new conceptual possibilities for ... More


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