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The Neutron's Children: Nuclear Engineers and the Shaping of Identity

Sean F. Johnston

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199692118
eISBN:
9780191740732
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692118.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This book follows nuclear engineers, specialists in a field described by early participants as a ‘strange journey through Alice in Wonderland’ and ‘What Buck Rogers reads about when he reads’. Their ... More


The atomic nursery

Sean F. Johnston

in The Neutron's Children: Nuclear Engineers and the Shaping of Identity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199692118
eISBN:
9780191740732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692118.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

If the war gestated atomic energy specialists, then the decade after it saw their birth and early development in special environments. They did not thrive unaided: the new experts were nurtured with ... More


A state-managed profession

Sean F. Johnston

in The Neutron's Children: Nuclear Engineers and the Shaping of Identity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199692118
eISBN:
9780191740732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692118.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Segregation in national laboratories, like a boarding school for a privileged child, protected and shaped early nuclear specialists. Their coming of age, though, was marked inevitably by public ... More


Trimming the Data on Nuclear Costs

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

in What Will Work: Fighting Climate Change with Renewable Energy, Not Nuclear Power

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794638
eISBN:
9780199919277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794638.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 3 reveals that atomic energy is also very expensive. This chapter surveys all 30 recent nuclear-electricity cost analyses to show that all the ... More


“Alert, Not Alarm” The First Ten Years, 1945–1955

Dee Garrison

in Bracing for Armageddon: Why Civil Defense Never Worked

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195183191
eISBN:
9780199788804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183191.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses President Harry Truman's reluctant creation of the Federal Civil Defense Administration (FCDA) in 1950 and the predominant role it assigned to women; the importance of the ... More


Curbing the Spread of Nuclear Weapons

Ian Bellany

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719067969
eISBN:
9781781701324
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719067969.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This book provides an introduction to the technical aspects of nuclear energy and nuclear weapons. It considers nuclear weapons from varying perspectives, including the technology perspective, which ... More


Why Climate-Change Skeptics Are Wrong

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

in What Will Work: Fighting Climate Change with Renewable Energy, Not Nuclear Power

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794638
eISBN:
9780199919277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794638.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 1 begins by stressing the severity of climate change (CC) and showing how, contrary to popular belief, atomic energy is not a viable solution to ... More


Atomic Tracings:: Radioisotopes in Biology and Medicine

Angela N. H. Creager

in Science and Technology in the Global Cold War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027953
eISBN:
9780262326100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027953.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The U.S. government developed atomic energy for peacetime after World War II in the form of radioactive isotopes, produced in a former Manhattan Project reactor and distributed to civilian ... More


Fukushima, Chernobyl, Three Mile Island: Flawed Science and Accident Cover-Up

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

in What Will Work: Fighting Climate Change with Renewable Energy, Not Nuclear Power

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794638
eISBN:
9780199919277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794638.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 4 argues that atomic energy is also costly in terms of human health, scientific data, and practical reliability. Because of industry cover-ups, ... More


Dividends

Angela N. H. Creager

in Life Atomic: A History of Radioisotopes in Science and Medicine

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226017808
eISBN:
9780226017945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226017945.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Following World War II, the publication of accounts such as John Hersey’s Hiroshima (1946) documented the devastating effects of atomic weaponry on inhabitants of the two Japanese cities targeted by ... More


Towards atomic partnership

Ken Young

in The American Bomb in Britain: Us Air Forces' Strategic Presence, 1946-64

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780719086755
eISBN:
9781526115300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719086755.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the ways in which Anglo-American relations were complicated by British aspirations to become an independent nuclear power while pressing the US for technical assistance. From ... More


The Diplomatic Base of India's Nuclear Strategy

Ashok Kapur

in Pokhran and Beyond: India's Nuclear Weapons Capability

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195667547
eISBN:
9780199081790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195667547.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter discusses the aspect of the diplomatic base of India's nuclear behaviour. It notes that Indian diplomacy holds high the importance of peace diplomacy, socio-economic development, and ... More


Embargo

Angela N. H. Creager

in Life Atomic: A History of Radioisotopes in Science and Medicine

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226017808
eISBN:
9780226017945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226017945.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The fourth chapter explores the ways in which radioisotopes were used as political instruments—both by the federal government in world affairs, and by critics of the civilian control of atomic ... More


Happy Memories under the Mushroom Cloud

Lindsey A. Freeman

in Longing for the Bomb: Oak Ridge and Atomic Nostalgia

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469622378
eISBN:
9781469623177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469622378.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter discusses the day-long celebration of the new visibility of the formerly secret Atomic City, held on March 19, 1949. The event staged the symbolic opening of the gates and the festive ... More


Probability and Quantum Theory

E. Brian Davies

in Science in the Looking Glass: What Do Scientists Really Know?

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199219186
eISBN:
9780191711695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219186.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter discusses a series of examples which illustrate various peculiarities of probability theory. It shows that there are many situations in which two people may legitimately ascribe ... More


Bottling Atomic Energy: Technology, Politics, and the State in Peronist Argentina

Jonathan Hagood

in Beyond Imported Magic: Essays on Science, Technology, and Society in Latin America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027458
eISBN:
9780262325509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027458.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Hagood uses the history of nuclear energy in Argentina to challenge overly simple and often decontextualized understandings of technological success and failure in Latin American contexts. Examining ... More


Philip Morrison, Witness to Atomic History

Mary Palevsky

in Atomic Fragments: A Daughter's Questions

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520220553
eISBN:
9780520923652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520220553.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

On December 6, 1945, four months after Hiroshima, physicist Philip Morrison testified before Senator Brien McMahon's Special Committee on Atomic Energy, created to investigate problems relating to ... More


Sales

Angela N. H. Creager

in Life Atomic: A History of Radioisotopes in Science and Medicine

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226017808
eISBN:
9780226017945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226017945.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter stresses the uneasy relationship between the U.S. government and industry in developing the civilian uses of atomic energy. The partially public, partially private nature of nuclear ... More


Tracers

Angela N. H. Creager

in Life Atomic: A History of Radioisotopes in Science and Medicine

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226017808
eISBN:
9780226017945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226017945.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter introduces the book’s story, themes, and argument. The role of radioisotopes as tracers was especially important to their widespread utilization in biochemistry, physiology, molecular ... More


Promethean Legacy

JOE C. TRUETT

in Grass: In Search of Human Habitat

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520258396
eISBN:
9780520944527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520258396.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Some half a million years ago, our ancestors sought the best ways to capture energy and used it for their own purposes. Agriculture emerged 10,000 years or so ago and by domesticating plants and ... More


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