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“To Protect and Defend”: World War II

István Hargittai

in The Martians of Science: Five Physicists Who Changed the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195178456
eISBN:
9780199787012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178456.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

By the start of World War II, the Martians had become involved in politics. They helped the United States get ready for modern warfare, including advancements in air power, the atomic bomb, and an ... More


Beyond the Mushroom Cloud: Commemoration, Religion, and Responsibility after Hiroshima

Yuki Miyamoto

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780823240500
eISBN:
9780823240548
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823240500.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

This monograph explores the ethics and religious sensibilities of a group of the hibakusha (survivors) of 1945's atomic bombings. Although the atomic bombings of 1945 have been studied from the ... More


Atomic Fragments: A Daughter's Questions

Mary Palevsky

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520220553
eISBN:
9780520923652
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520220553.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

More than most of us, this book's author needed to come to terms with the moral complexities of the atomic bomb: Her parents worked on its development during World War II and were profoundly changed ... More


Hiroshima and The U.S. Peace Movement: Commemoration of August 6, 1948–1960

Rieko Asai

in The United States and the Second World War: New Perspectives on Diplomacy, War, and the Home Front

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823231201
eISBN:
9780823240791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823231201.003.0012
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter explores the role that anti-nuclear activists have played in shaping the public memory of the war's cataclysmic end. It examines how, soon after the war's end, a ... More


Nuclear Energy and Electric Power

Vernon W. Ruttan

in Is War Necessary for Economic Growth?: Military Procurement and Technology Development

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195188042
eISBN:
9780199783410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195188047.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Nuclear power is an example of a technology that, in the absence of military and defense-related research, development, and procurement, would not have been developed at all. The demonstration of ... More


Too Stupid Even for the Funny Papers: The Myth of the American Atomic Monopoly, 1939–1945

Shane J. Maddock

in Nuclear Apartheid: The Quest for American Atomic Supremacy from World War II to the Present

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833551
eISBN:
9781469604220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807895849_maddock.6
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter examines the development of nuclear weapons during World War II and early efforts to control their spread. It opens with a warning from physicist James Franck to President Harry S. ... More


Edward Teller, High Priest of Physics

Mary Palevsky

in Atomic Fragments: A Daughter's Questions

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520220553
eISBN:
9780520923652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520220553.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

On December 1, 1995, the author traveled to Stanford University to meet with Edward Teller at the Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace, and immediately had two reactions on meeting him. ... More


Philip Morrison, Witness to Atomic History

Mary Palevsky

in Atomic Fragments: A Daughter's Questions

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520220553
eISBN:
9780520923652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520220553.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

On December 6, 1945, four months after Hiroshima, physicist Philip Morrison testified before Senator Brien McMahon's Special Committee on Atomic Energy, created to investigate problems relating to ... More


Barbarossa and the Bomb: Two Cases of Soviet intelligence in World War ll

David Holloway

in Secret Intelligence in the European States System, 1918-1989

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804783590
eISBN:
9780804788915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804783590.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

In an unusually well-documented contribution on Russian secret intelligence, David Holloway posits reasons for Stalin’s unpreparedness in 1940-1941. This, it is fair to say, has long been an ... More


The Politics of Nuclear Weapons: China as a Nuclear Power

Rosemary Foot

in The Practice of Power: US Relations with China since 1949

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292920
eISBN:
9780191599286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292929.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This is the third of four chapters focusing on America’s perceptions of China’s capabilities, and dwelling on the correspondence between those perceptions and the projected consequences. It presents ... More


Terror Bombing in the Second World War

Alex J. Bellamy

in Massacres and Morality: Mass Atrocities in an Age of Civilian Immunity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199288427
eISBN:
9780191745430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288427.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

This chapter examines the bombing of German and Japanese cities during the Second World War. Between 300,000–600,000 German civilians and over 200,000 Japanese civilians were killed by allied bombing ... More


Herbert F. York, Inside History

Mary Palevsky

in Atomic Fragments: A Daughter's Questions

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520220553
eISBN:
9780520923652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520220553.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

Herbert York was the first director of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and the first chancellor of the University of California at San Diego. During World War II, the University of ... More


“A-Bomb Disease”

Robert Jay Lifton

in Death in Life: Survivors of Hiroshima

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807843444
eISBN:
9781469602363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807882894_lifton.8
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter presents the relationship observed between physical fears and early radiation effects, and how they could turn into lifetime bodily concerns. During the years that followed, these fears ... More


Prologue The H-Bomb Changes Everything

Dee Garrison

in Bracing for Armageddon: Why Civil Defense Never Worked

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195183191
eISBN:
9780199788804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183191.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This prologue outlines how the advent of hydrogen weapons transformed the practice of war. It explains why modern nuclear weapons cannot be compared with those dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. It ... More


The Korean War: The Hegemony of Forgetting

John Tirman

in The Deaths of Others: The Fate of Civilians in America's Wars

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780195381214
eISBN:
9780190252373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195381214.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter focuses on the three-year war in Korea (1950–1953) pitting South Korea and United Nations forces versus North Korea and China. It examines the politics of the Korean War, with particular ... More


Broadcasting the Voice of the Atom

in Science on the Air: Popularizers and Personalities on Radio and Early Television

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226467597
eISBN:
9780226466958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226466958.003.0010
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

By the summer of 1945, when the atomic bomb reaffirmed science's alliance with the body politic, the tone and direction of popularization had already shifted. Postwar coverage of atomic energy began ... More


Prologue Broken Vessel

Mary Palevsky

in Atomic Fragments: A Daughter's Questions

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520220553
eISBN:
9780520923652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520220553.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter introduces the author's memories of the atomic bomb when she was still a little girl. Her parents, both Chicagoans, fell in love and married while working on the creation of the atomic ... More


The Bomb and the Arms Race

Richard Crockatt

in Einstein and Twentieth-Century Politics: 'A Salutary Moral Influence'

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198785491
eISBN:
9780191827402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198785491.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, Political History

This chapter addresses the issue of Einstein’s supposed involvement with the atom bomb. His signature on the letter to Roosevelt in 1939 warning the President that fission of uranium could mean bombs ... More


The Emergence of a Deterrence ‘Habit of Mind’

John Baylis and Kristan Stoddart

in The British Nuclear Experience: The Roles of Beliefs, Culture and Identity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198702023
eISBN:
9780191771682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702023.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 1 highlights the impact which the atomic bombs that had been dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki had on Britain’s post-war leaders, giving rise to a ‘deterrence habit of mind’. The beliefs of ... More


“The Next Step”

Daniel F. Harrington

in Berlin on the Brink: The Blockade, the Airlift, and the Early Cold War

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813136134
eISBN:
9780813136837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813136134.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The Western powers had to decide their next step; Chapter 6 describes their deliberations. Long-term prospects appeared bleak: sooner or later the Western powers would have to abandon the city to ... More


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