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Forest–climate interactions in fragmented tropical landscapes

William F. Laurance

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

In the tropics, habitat fragmentation alters forest-climate interactions in diverse ways. On a local scale (<1 km), elevated desiccation and wind disturbance near fragment margins lead to sharply ... More


Barotropic aspects of large-scale atmospheric turbulence

Theodore G. Shepherd

in Fundamental Aspects of Turbulent Flows in Climate Dynamics: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 109, August 2017

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780198855217
eISBN:
9780191889172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198855217.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

The chapter begins with a phenomenological treatment of the observed atmospheric circulation. It then goes on to discuss how the barotropic model arises as a so-calledbalanced model of the slow, ... More


. California Climate and Fire Weather

Richard A. Minnich

in Fire in California's Ecosystems

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520246058
eISBN:
9780520932272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520246058.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter starts by exploring some basic principles of weather. It then describes California’s Mediterranean climate from the standpoint of atmospheric circulation. This is followed by short-term ... More


Atmospheric Circulation and Climatic Variability

René D. Garreaud and Patricio Aceituno

in The Physical Geography of South America

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195313413
eISBN:
9780197562475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195313413.003.0010
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Physical Geography and Topography

Regional variations in South America’s weather and climate reflect the atmospheric circulation over the continent and adjacent oceans, involving mean climatic conditions and regular cycles, as well ... More


Climate change

Kevin E. Trenberth and James W. Hurrell

in Effects of Climate Change on Birds

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198824268
eISBN:
9780191862809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824268.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Animal Biology

The climate is changing from human activities. This has major implications for the future and for human society and ecosystems, including birds. However, it is often masked by natural variability and ... More


Clouds in the Perturbed Climate System: Their Relationship to Energy Balance, Atmospheric Dynamics, and Precipitation

Jost Heintzenberg and Robert J. Charlson (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012874
eISBN:
9780262255448
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012874.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

More than half the globe is covered by visible clouds. Clouds control major parts of the Earth’s energy balance, influencing both incoming shortwave solar radiation and outgoing longwave thermal ... More


Mercury in the Alaskan Arctic

William F. Fitzgerald, Chad R. Hammerschmidt, Daniel R. Engstrom, Prentiss H. Balcom, Carl H. Lamborg, and Chun-Mao Tseng

in Alaska's Changing Arctic: Ecological Consequences for Tundra, Streams, and Lakes

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199860401
eISBN:
9780190267889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199860401.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses mercury cycling and contamination in the Alaskan arctic. It provides a framework for investigating the behavior and fate of many contaminants in polar regions. It looks into ... More


Energy in the Lower Atmosphere: The Weather Near the Ground

E. C. Pielou

in The Energy of Nature

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226668062
eISBN:
9780226668055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226668055.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

Wherever the wind blows, some of its energy is dissipated — converted to entropy — by the shearing of air against air; this happens at all elevations. However, the losses are far greater in the ... More


Jet Stream: A Journey Through our Changing Climate

Tim Woollings

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198828518
eISBN:
9780191867002
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828518.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

A number of extreme weather events have struck the Northern Hemisphere in recent years, from scorching heatwaves to desperately cold winters and from floods and storms to droughts and wildfires. Is ... More


The Tectonic Framework of South America

Antony R. Orme

in The Physical Geography of South America

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195313413
eISBN:
9780197562475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195313413.003.0008
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Physical Geography and Topography

Tectonism is the science of Earth movements and the rocks and structures involved therein. These movements build the structural framework that supports the stage on which surface processes, plants, ... More


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