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Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Roger Traub, MD and Miles Whittington, PhD

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195342796
eISBN:
9780199776276
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342796.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

This book reviews a number of clinical neuropsychiatric conditions in which brain oscillations play an essential role. It discusses how the intrinsic properties of neurons, and the interactions ... More


Cerebellar Ataxia

Roger D. Roger and Miles A. Whittington

in Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195342796
eISBN:
9780199776276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342796.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

Disease processes affecting the cerebellum and its connections, such as can occur in multiple sclerosis, often lead to lack of motor coordination, postural tremor, and tremor on directed movement; ... More


The neuropsychological assessment and treatment of disorders of voluntary movement

Georg Goldenberg

in The Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199234110
eISBN:
9780191594250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234110.003.020
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter discusses the assessment and treatment of incorrect awkward movements and disturbed voluntary control of motor actions. Incorrect and awkward movements can occur on one or both sides of ... More


Why does the perception-action functional dichotomy not match the ventral-dorsal streams anatomical segregation:: optic ataxia and the function of the dorsal stream

Yves Rossetti, Hisaaki Ota, Annabelle Blangero, Alain Vighetto, and Laure Pisella

in Perception, Action, and Consciousness: Sensorimotor Dynamics and Two Visual Systems

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199551118
eISBN:
9780191594960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551118.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

A main issue in the debate centring on the relation between perception and action is the following: how much of our actions can be performed independently from perception? An answer to this question ... More


Special Activities

Dom Colbert

in MCQs in Travel Medicine

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199664528
eISBN:
9780191918315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199664528.003.0014
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Drowning is a hazard for the international traveller whether swimming, snorkeling, scuba diving, or boating. Alcohol always exacerbates the danger. Drowning in ... More


Genetic Issues

Andrea Farkas Patenaude and Katherine A. Schneider

in Comprehensive Handbook of Childhood Cancer and Sickle Cell Disease: A Biopsychosocial Approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195169850
eISBN:
9780197562192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195169850.003.0028
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Clinical Oncology

The hallmark of genetic medicine is that medical concerns of one individual are germane not only for that person, but also for their offspring and future ... More


Apraxia

Ferdinand Binkofski and Kathrin Reetz

in Cognitive Neurology: A clinical textbook

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198569275
eISBN:
9780191724213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569275.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

The term apraxia (Greek: inactivity) was first used to describe failures in the performance of purposeful actions and the incorrect use of objects by patients with aphasia. Apraxias are higher motor ... More


Cervicovestibular Interactions in Coriolis-Like Effects

Willem Bles and Jelte E. Bos

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0032
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Human cervical mechanisms are very deeply connected to the vestibular system, and the contribution of the neck reflexes in postural control is mostly hidden. Consequently, neck reflexes are a subject ... More


Brain Aromatase and Neuroprotection in Mammals

Iñigo Azcoitia, Maria Angeles Arevalo, and Luis Miguel Garcia-Segura

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Recent studies suggest that, at least under neurodegenerative conditions, local brain formation of estradiol by the enzyme aromatase is an endogenous neuroprotective mechanism. This chapter reviews ... More


Perceptual deficits in optic ataxia?

Laure Pisella, Christopher Striemer, Annabelle Blangero, Valerie Gaveau, Patrice Revol, Roméo Salemme, James Danckert, and Yves Rossetti

in Sensorimotor Foundations of Higher Cognition

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199231447
eISBN:
9780191696510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231447.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews recent accounts on the nature of the well-established visuo-motor deficits in optic ataxia (OA) and presents original data revealing visuo-perceptual deficits in patients with ... More


Aniridia, WAGR Syndrome, and Associated Conditions

Lama A. Al-Aswad and Lookjan Riansuwan

in Aniridia and WAGR Syndrome: A Guide for Patients and Their Families

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195389302
eISBN:
9780197562727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195389302.003.0005
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Ophthalmology

Aniridia (Greek) literally means “absence of iris” (the colored part of the eye); however, this is a misnomer because patients with aniridia always have irises that ... More


Aniridia—Epidemiology and Genetics

Anil K. Mandal and Harsha B. L. Rao

in Aniridia and WAGR Syndrome: A Guide for Patients and Their Families

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195389302
eISBN:
9780197562727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195389302.003.0007
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Ophthalmology

Aniridia literally means “without iris.” The iris is the part of the eye that gives color to the eye. But the term aniridia encompasses more than its literal meaning ... More


Major sensory and motor systems

Martin E. Atkinson

in Anatomy for Dental Students

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199234462
eISBN:
9780191917455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199234462.003.0024
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Dentistry

The previous chapter provided an overview of the anatomy of the CNS, concentrating on structures that can be seen during dissection of the human brain and ... More


Cerebellar Diseases

Russell L. Margolis

in Psychiatric Aspects of Neurologic Diseases: Practical approaches to patient care

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195309430
eISBN:
9780197562451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195309430.003.0019
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

After nearly 200 years, the concept that the cerebellum modulates only motor systems has been laid to rest. In the past two decades, evidence derived from ... More


Childhood impairment and disability

J.H. Nunn and G. Wright

in Paediatric Dentistry

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198789277
eISBN:
9780191917103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789277.003.0026
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Dentistry

An impairment becomes a disability for a child only if he/she is unable to carry out the normal activities of his/her peer group. For example, a child who has broken ... More


When vision for action fails

Melvyn Goodale and David Milner

in Sight Unseen: An Exploration of Conscious and Unconscious Vision

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199596966
eISBN:
9780191753008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596966.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

In this chapter we meet Ruth Vickers and other individuals whose visual problems seem to be the exact opposite of Dee Fletcher’s. Ruth, for example, is unable to scale her hand to the size of objects ... More


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