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Good Knowledge, Bad Knowledge: On Two Dogmas of Epistemology

Stephen Hetherington

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199247349
eISBN:
9780191697654
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247349.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Philosophers have long inquired into the nature and even the possibility of human knowledge. This book identifies two mistaken assumptions that have fundamentally shaped that tradition of ... More


General Introduction

Jody Azzouni

in Tracking Reason: Proof, Consequence, and Truth

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195187137
eISBN:
9780199850570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187137.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This part of the book reveals how two widespread assumptions have powerfully shaped philosophy for a long time. The first assumption is called “the truthmaker assumption.” It means that if a belief, ... More


 Patrilineal Descent and the Construction of Identities

Caroline Johnson Hodge

in If Sons, Then Heirs: A Study of Kinship and Ethnicity in the Letters of Paul

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182163
eISBN:
9780199785612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182163.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter first elaborates a theory of how kinship and ethnicity are both considered “natural” categories yet are also treated as mutable. It describes the ideology of patrilineal descent and ... More


Parts and Wholes in Rabbinic Literature

Alexander Samely

in Forms of Rabbinic Literature and Thought: An Introduction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199296736
eISBN:
9780191712067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296736.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines if and how rabbinic literature constitutes a unified historical phenomenon. A number of observations supporting such a unity are presented. A crucial role is ascribed to the ... More


Congressional Insolvency

Max. M Edling

in A Revolution in Favor of Government: Origins of the U.S. Constitution and the Making of the American State

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195148701
eISBN:
9780199835096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195148703.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Provides background accounts of political development in the USA from the American War of Independence to the Philadelphia Convention, and establish that, by 1787, Congress was marked by military ... More


A Government for Free

Max. M Edling

in A Revolution in Favor of Government: Origins of the U.S. Constitution and the Making of the American State

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195148701
eISBN:
9780199835096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195148703.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Shows how the Federalists responded to the Antifederalist objections to a stronger national government in the “fiscal‐military” sphere, thereby creating an understanding of the kind of state that was ... More


The General Theory of Party Government

Ian Budge and Hans Keman

in Parties and Democracy: Coalition Formation and Government Functioning in Twenty States

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279259
eISBN:
9780191598883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279256.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Deals with both the general assumptions and detailed predictions of the theory of party government proposed in the book. The general assumptions are that (1) in parliamentary democracies, the party ... More


Regression with an Ordinal Dependent Variable Regression with an Ordinal Dependent Variable

John G. Orme and Terri Combs-Orme

in Multiple Regression with Discrete Dependent Variables

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195329452
eISBN:
9780199864812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195329452.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter discusses ordinal logistic regression (also known as the ordinal logit, ordered polytomous logit, constrained cumulative logit, proportional odds, parallel regression, or grouped ... More


The Justice of Islam: Comparative Perspectives on Islamic Law and Society

Lawrence Rosen

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198298854
eISBN:
9780191707452
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298854.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

One out of five people in the world today lives subject to Islamic law, but stereotypes of rigid doctrine or harsh punishment obscure an understanding of the values and style of reasoning that ... More


Entr’acte: How the Development of International Society Differed from the Legislators’ Expectations

Geoffrey Blest

in War and Law since 1945

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206996
eISBN:
9780191677427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206996.003.0007
Subject:
History, Military History

This section offers some explanations of the arrangements for the legal restraint of warfare which have not worked well. It explains that the arrangements made between 1945 and 1950 have had to ... More


Population dynamics: modelling demographic Allee effects

Franck Courchamp, Luděk Berec, and Joanna Gascoigne

in Allee Effects in Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198570301
eISBN:
9780191717642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570301.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Much of what is known about Allee effects comes from mathematical models. This chapter deals with models of demographic Allee effects. It shows what types of model are available, what their ... More


Social Capital and Organizational Embeddedness

Mario Luis Small

in Unanticipated Gains: Origins of Network Inequality in Everyday Life

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195384352
eISBN:
9780199869893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384352.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Standard models of social capital have said little about how actors form the ties that generate social capital. This chapter proposes a model based on three assumptions: Actors may form ties either ... More


Shattering Myths, Toward Dialogue

Elaine Howard Ecklund

in Science vs Religion: What Do Scientists Really Believe?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195392982
eISBN:
9780199777105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392982.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

In the last chapter of Science Vs. Religion, Ecklund trades her scholar’s hood for the robe of an arbitrator. She directly points out how some of the assumptions of the present religion-science ... More


Hosea 1–3

Sharon Moughtin‐Mumby

in Sexual and Marital metaphors in Hosea, Jeremiah, Isaiah, and Ezekiel

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199239085
eISBN:
9780191716560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239085.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter explores sexual and martial metaphorical language in Hosea 1-3. It argues that the controversy over these three chapters stems from the adoption of four broad assumptions, which have ... More


Getting It Right

Roberta Green Ahmanson

in Blind Spot: When Journalists Don't Get Religion

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374360
eISBN:
9780199871902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374360.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter explores some of the conceptual barriers that journalists face in covering religion, particularly the common modern assumption, shared by many journalists, that religions cannot be ... More


Cognitivist Expressivism

Terry Horgan and Mark Timmons

in Metaethics after Moore

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199269914
eISBN:
9780191710032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269914.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter challenges the so-called semantic assumption — according to which beliefs are necessarily descriptive in that they purport to represent or describe some state of affairs — by arguing ... More


Public Policy as Social Construct: Multiple Meanings in Sustainable Development

Frank Fischer

in Democracy and Expertise: Reorienting Policy Inquiry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199282838
eISBN:
9780191712487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282838.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter demonstrates the ways in which policy is more fundamentally a sociopolitical construct than technical/instrumental tool, as it is approached in much of policy science. Employing a ... More


THE CHARACTERISTIC IBVP

Sylvie Benzoni-Gavage and Denis Serre

in Multi-dimensional hyperbolic partial differential equations: First-order systems and applications

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211234
eISBN:
9780191705700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211234.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

When the boundary is characteristic, maximal estimates must be understood in a restricted sense. The regularity theory is thus difficult, as is the construction of a dissipative symmetrizer. This is ... More


Regression with a Polytomous Dependent Variable Regression with a Polytomous Dependent Variable

John G. Orme and Terri Combs-Orme

in Multiple Regression with Discrete Dependent Variables

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195329452
eISBN:
9780199864812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195329452.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter describes the use of multinomial logistic regression (also known as polytomous or nominal logistic or logit regression or the discrete choice model), a method for modeling relationships ... More


Contracts and Global Sourcing

Pol Antràs

in Global Production: Firms, Contracts, and Trade Structure

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691168272
eISBN:
9781400873746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691168272.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter analyzes the implications of weak contract enforcement for the international organization of production. With that goal in mind, the chapter starts by going back to the benchmark ... More


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