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Episodic Memory

Allan Paivio

in Mental Representations: A dual coding approach

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195066661
eISBN:
9780199894086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195066661.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents a case for the dual coding approach as well as for the constructive-empiricist philosophy of science that the approach represents. Dual coding theory and the convergent ... More


Associative Learning Mechanisms in Vision

Marvin M. Chun and Nicholas B. Turk-Browne

in Visual Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195305487
eISBN:
9780199894260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305487.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins with a review of behavioral evidence of associative learning in vision. It considers which types of associations can be learned, and then explores the properties and constraints ... More


Associative Memory in the Medial Temporal Lobe

Yuji Naya and Wendy A. Suzuki

in Primate Neuroethology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195326598
eISBN:
9780199864904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter reviews the role of the medial temporal lobe in associative memory. Part I presents the results from behavioral neurophysiological studies focused on recording in both the perirhinal ... More


Computational Models of the Spatial and Mnemonic Functions of the Hippocampus

Burgess Neil

in The Hippocampus Book

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195100273
eISBN:
9780199864133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195100273.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

The use of computational models has been invaluable for exploring the link between neurons and behavior, enabling hypothetical mechanisms to be defined precisely and examined quantitatively. This ... More


Machinery of Cognition

Charles R. Gallistel

in Evolution and the Mechanisms of Decision Making

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018081
eISBN:
9780262306027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018081.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

A Darwinian approach to decision-making mechanisms must focus on the representation of the options between which the animal decides. For example, in matching behavior, is the animal deciding between ... More


How Insight Emerges in a Distributed, Content-Addressable Memory

Liane Gabora and Apara Ranjan

in Neuroscience of Creativity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019583
eISBN:
9780262314695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019583.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Creativity paradoxically involves studying how someone pulls out of their brain something that was never put into it, something new and useful, or appropriate to the task at hand. Even if we ... More


The Pleasures of Memory, Part I: Curiosity as Didacticism in The Old Curiosity Shop

Sarah Winter

in The Pleasures of Memory: Learning to Read with Charles Dickens

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780823233526
eISBN:
9780823241132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823233526.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter examines one of Dickens's most popular serial novels alongside the religious tracts that were a hallmark of Evangelical propagandizing. Even as it shares with Evangelical tracts certain ... More


Associative Memory

Hidetoshi Nishimori

in Statistical Physics of Spin Glasses and Information Processing: An Introduction

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198509417
eISBN:
9780191709081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509417.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The scope of the theory of neural networks has been expanding rapidly. The statistical-mechanical techniques stemming from the theory of spin glasses have been playing important roles in the analysis ... More


Creativity of the Dream and Sleep State

Robert Stickgold

in Secrets of Creativity: What Neuroscience, the Arts, and Our Minds Reveal

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190462321
eISBN:
9780190462345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190462321.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep is a stage of sleep that evolved in part to provide a privileged time in each day when the brain is disconnected from sensory input and freed of intentional, directed ... More


Problems of learning and memory: one or multiple memory systems?

L. WEISKRANTZ

in Behavioural and Neural Aspects of Learning and Memory

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198521983
eISBN:
9780191688492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521983.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Learning, and hence memory, is ubiquitous not only throughout the animal kingdom, but apparently throughout many regions of the brain. Is all learning reducible to a single common form? ... More


Marr’s influence on the standard model of hippocampus, and the need for more theoretical advances

Michael E. Hasselmo and James R. Hinman

in Computational Theories and their Implementation in the Brain: The legacy of David Marr

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198749783
eISBN:
9780191831638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749783.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

David Marr’s classic 1971 paper laid the foundation for a standard model of the hippocampus combining pattern separation (Marr’s codon hypothesis) and pattern completion. His paper discusses ... More


Non-verbal representation: images, drawings, maps, and memory

Susanna Millar

in Understanding and Representing Space: Theory and Evidence from Studies with Blind and Sighted Children

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198521426
eISBN:
9780191688416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521426.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In this chapter, modality-specific imagery is considered in the context of emergent symbols for actual representation, by drawings and maps. It is argued that covert coding of movement output can ... More


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