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Associative theory and the phenomena of perceptual learning

Geoffrey Hall

in Perceptual and Associative Learning

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521822
eISBN:
9780191706677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521822.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter outlines what is referred to as the standard associative model, which is a summary of the basic principles common to various current theories of associative learning. This model concerns ... More


Associative Learning Mechanisms in Vision

Marvin M. Chun and Nicholas B. Turk-Browne

in Visual Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195305487
eISBN:
9780199894260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305487.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins with a review of behavioral evidence of associative learning in vision. It considers which types of associations can be learned, and then explores the properties and constraints ... More


 Selection between Competing Responses Based on Conditional Rules

Michael Petrides

in Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195314274
eISBN:
9780199786695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

An important aspect of the control of behavior is the selection of appropriate action guided by learned conditional rules. This chapter reviews research showing that patients with unilateral frontal ... More


Learning and the modification of stimulus representations

Geoffrey Hall

in Perceptual and Associative Learning

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521822
eISBN:
9780191706677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521822.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter summarizes the way in which the evidence described in previous chapters has necessitated modifications and extensions to the standard associative model described in Chapter 2. It ... More


Three psychologies: rationalist, empiricist, and pragmatist

James Russell

in What is Language Development?: Rationalist, empiricist, and pragmatist approaches to the acquisition of syntax

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198530862
eISBN:
9780191728136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530862.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This section describes the philosophies of Rationalism, Empiricism, and Pragmatism. With regard to Rationalism, it focuses upon Chomsky's explicit support for this position and how he presents its ... More


 Learning, Memory, and the Monkey Hippocampus

Wendy A. Suzuki

in Hippocampal Place Fields: Relevance to Learning and Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195323245
eISBN:
9780199869268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323245.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter reviews over thirty years of findings from behavioral neurophysiological recordings in the monkey hippocampus. It shows that consistent with the memory space hypothesis, hippocampal ... More


Empiricist connectionism as a theory of language development

James Russell

in What is Language Development?: Rationalist, empiricist, and pragmatist approaches to the acquisition of syntax

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198530862
eISBN:
9780191728136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530862.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This section describes attempts to model the acquisition of syntax on ‘neural networks’ or ‘connectionist’ models; non-symbolic, multiply-associative models. It first discusses whether connectionist ... More


The Role of the Body in Infant Language Learning

Chen Yu and Dana H. Ballard

in The Spatial Foundations of Language and Cognition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199553242
eISBN:
9780191720444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553242.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

We show in a series of three related studies that intentional cues encoded in body movements can provide very specific gains to language learning. A computational model is developed on the basis of ... More


The Evolution of Learning and Memory Systems

Frederick L. Coolidge

in Evolutionary Neuropsychology: An Introduction to the Evolution of the Structures and Functions of the Human Brain

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780190940942
eISBN:
9780190940973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940942.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter covers many hypotheses: 1. Modern human memory systems are based on non-associative (habituation and sensitization) and associative (classical and operant conditioning) learning ... More


Associative learning and frequency judgements: The PASS model

Peter Sedlmeier

in Etc. Frequency Processing and Cognition

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508632
eISBN:
9780191687365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508632.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter argues that associative learning is the obvious mechanism to simulate judgements of relative frequency. PASS (Probability ASSociator), the specific associationist model proposed, ... More


Visual Memory

Steven J. Luck and Andrew Hollingworth (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195305487
eISBN:
9780199894260
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305487.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Vision and memory are two of the most intensively studied topics in psychology and neuroscience, and the intersection between them — visual memory — is emerging as a fertile ground for research. ... More


Concepts in human adults

James A. Hampton

in The Making of Human Concepts

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199549221
eISBN:
9780191724152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549221.003.014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter looks at the end result of the long and complex process of the making of human concepts. It suggests that our evolutionary past is still very much a part of our conceptual system. There ... More


Learning

Gennaro Auletta

in Cognitive Biology: Dealing with Information from Bacteria to Minds

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608485
eISBN:
9780191729539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608485.003.0017
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

After some introductory remarks and an exposition of the general features of learning, associative and conditioned learning are introduced. Next, the difficult issue of learning casual relations is ... More


Mirroring, association, and the correspondence problem

Cecilia Heyes and Geoffrey Bird

in Sensorimotor Foundations of Higher Cognition

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199231447
eISBN:
9780191696510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231447.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the extent to which action-mirroring phenomena can be explained in terms of very simple associative processes. It locates the associative accounts of motoric mirror phenomena ... More


Free word associations and the frequency of co-occurrence in language use

Manfred Wettler

in Etc. Frequency Processing and Cognition

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508632
eISBN:
9780191687365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508632.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter shows which predictions about the relation between the strength of free word associations and the frequency of co-occurrence of the stimulus and the response word in language use can be ... More


Internal Stimuli Generated by Abused Substances: Role of Pavlovian Conditioning and Its Implications for Drug Addiction

Rick A. Bevins and Jennifer E. Murray

in Associative Learning and Conditioning Theory: Human and Non-Human Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199735969
eISBN:
9780199894529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735969.003.0084
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Consideration of the importance of Pavlovian conditioning involving interoceptive stimuli to health-related issues dates back to Pavlov. Despite this long history and its likely importance, the ... More


Evaluative Conditioning: A Review of Functional Knowledge and Mental Process Theories

Jan De Houwer

in Associative Learning and Conditioning Theory: Human and Non-Human Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199735969
eISBN:
9780199894529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735969.003.0130
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Pavlovian conditioning can be defined as a change in behavior that is due to the pairing of stimuli. Evaluative conditioning is a subclass of Pavlovian conditioning effects in that it refers to the ... More


Learning

Joseph D. Robinson

in Mechanisms of Synaptic Transmission: Bridging the Gaps (1890-1990)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195137613
eISBN:
9780199848164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137613.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter focuses on the cellular changes required to produce experience-dependent alterations in neural function. This account is grounded on issues raised by Santiago Ramón y Cajal. His treatise ... More


The Essential Child: Origins of Essentialism in Everyday Thought

Susan A. Gelman

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195154061
eISBN:
9780199786718
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154061.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Essentialism is the idea that certain categories, such as “dog,” “man,” or “intelligence,” have an underlying reality or true nature that gives objects their identity. This book argues that ... More


The conditioning connection

I. P. L. McLAREN and A. Dickinson

in Behavioural and Neural Aspects of Learning and Memory

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198521983
eISBN:
9780191688492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521983.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The Konorskian process represents one way of implementing an error-correcting learning rule and thus anticipates selective conditioning. However, the Konorskian process, in common with other ... More


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