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Having Children: The Anti‐Natal View

David Benatar

in Better Never to Have Been: The Harm of Coming into Existence

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199296422
eISBN:
9780191712005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296422.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that it is always wrong to have children. To this end, it discusses the purported right to reproductive freedom. It is argued that this is best understood as a legal rather than a ... More


The Beginning of Life

Abdulaziz Sachedina

in Islamic Biomedical Ethics Principles and Application

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195378504
eISBN:
9780199869688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378504.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The chapter deals with the beginning of life by probing in greater detail the ethics of sexual and asexual procreation in the light of certain reproductive technologies that transgress the boundaries ... More


The New Arab Man: Emergent Masculinities, Technologies, and Islam in the Middle East

Marcia C. Inhorn

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148885
eISBN:
9781400842629
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148885.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

Middle Eastern Muslim men have been widely vilified as terrorists, religious zealots, and brutal oppressors of women. This book challenges these stereotypes with the stories of ordinary Middle ... More


Assisted Reproductive Technology

Bonnie Steinbock

in Life Before Birth: The Moral and Legal Status of Embryos and Fetuses

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195341621
eISBN:
9780199897131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341621.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The chapter explores the ethical challenges of assisted reproduction. It begins with the science and the potential for health risks. The chapter goes on to present the “procreative liberty” approach ... More


The proportionality problem in cross-border reproductive care

Richard F. Storrow

in The Globalization of Health Care: Legal and Ethical Issues

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199917907
eISBN:
9780199332878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917907.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter analyzes the restrictive reproductive laws in some parts of Europe driving travel to other countries to access services. The law and cross-border reproductive care (CBRC) affect each ... More


Life Before Birth: The Moral and Legal Status of Embryos and Fetuses

Bonnie Steinbock

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195341621
eISBN:
9780199897131
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341621.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book provides a coherent framework for addressing bioethical issues in which the moral status of embryos and fetuses is relevant. It is based on the “interest view,” which ascribes moral ... More


The Limits of Reproductive Freedom

David Benatar

in Procreation and Parenthood: The Ethics of Bearing and Rearing Children

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199590704
eISBN:
9780191595547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590704.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

It is argued that the strength or scope of the right to reproductive freedom currently recognized in liberal democracies needs to be reconsidered, such that it does not include a right to engage in ... More


Jewish Biomedical Law: Legal and Extra-Legal Dimensions

Daniel B. Sinclair

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198268277
eISBN:
9780191683480
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268277.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This book deals with the following controversial issues in Jewish Law: abortion, assisted reproduction, genetics, the obligation to heal, patient autonomy, treatment of the terminally ill, the ... More


Fecundity and Fertility

Germaine M. Buck Louis

in Reproductive and Perinatal Epidemiology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195387902
eISBN:
9780199895328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387902.003.0019
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

Human fecundity and fertility comprise the research domains of reproductive epidemiology and each has a spectrum of outcomes suitable for epidemiologic study. Fecundity outcomes in either or both ... More


Introduction

Daisy Deomampo

in Transnational Reproduction: Race, Kinship, and Commercial Surrogacy in India

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781479804214
eISBN:
9781479849574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479804214.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

The introductory chapter begins by grounding the reader in Mumbai through a description of various fieldwork encounters that reveal the ways in which surrogate mothers, parents, egg donors, and ... More


The Families of Assisted Reproduction and Adoption

Lucy Blake, Martin Richards, and Susan Golombok

in Family-Making: Contemporary Ethical Challenges

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199656066
eISBN:
9780191757099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656066.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the empirical evidence regarding the consequences of assisted reproduction and adoption for maternal health, family functioning, and child well-being. The social and regulatory ... More


Bodies for Rent?: The Case of Commercial Surrogacy

Anne Phillips

in Our Bodies, Whose Property?

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150864
eISBN:
9781400846368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150864.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter addresses the markets in bodily services, focusing on commercial surrogacy rather than prostitution. The reason for this is that with surrogacy it is easier to separate out concerns ... More


Consent and Intent: The Legal Differences in Assisted Reproductive Treatments

F. Shenfield

in Law and Medicine: Current Legal Issues Volume 3

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198299189
eISBN:
9780191685644
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299189.003.0019
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Medical Law

In assisted reproduction treatments, consent in writing concerning licensed treatments, i.e. the techniques covered by the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 1990, is mandatory. This involves ... More


Family-Making: Contemporary Ethical Challenges

Françoise Baylis and Carolyn McLeod (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199656066
eISBN:
9780191757099
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656066.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book concerns the ethics of making or expanding families through adoption or technologically assisted reproduction. For many people, these methods are separate and distinct; they can choose ... More


Parentage

Stephen Cretney

in Family Law in the Twentieth Century: A History

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199280919
eISBN:
9780191713170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280919.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Family Law, Legal History

This chapter deals with the problems of deciding who should be treated as a child’s ‘parent’. At first, there was no alternative to using ‘presumptions’ — for example, that a husband was the father ... More


The New Eugenics: Selective Breeding in an Era of Reproductive Technologies

Judith Daar

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300137156
eISBN:
9780300229035
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300137156.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

A provocative examination of how unequal access to reproductive technology replays the sins of the eugenics movement. Eugenics, the effort to improve the human species by inhibiting reproduction of ... More


Analogies to Adoption in Arguments Against Anonymous Gamete Donation: Geneticizing the Desire to Know

Kimberly Leighton

in Family-Making: Contemporary Ethical Challenges

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199656066
eISBN:
9780191757099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656066.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In discussions of donor-assisted conception, a right to know one’s genetic ancestry has been invoked to capture the harm of anonymous gamete donation. Defenders of the view that someone who was ... More


Social Problems Ritual Female Excision and Medically Assisted Reproduction

Claude Lévi-Strauss

in We Are All Cannibals: And Other Essays

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780231170680
eISBN:
9780231541268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170680.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

ritual female excision and medically assisted reproduction


State Regulation and Assisted Reproduction: Balancing the Interests of Parents and Children

Jurgen De Wispelaere and Daniel Weinstock

in Family-Making: Contemporary Ethical Challenges

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199656066
eISBN:
9780191757099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656066.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

An implication of the negative right to reproductive freedom is that the state cannot deny people access to Assisted Reproduction Technologies (ARTs). This right, however, does not imply that the ... More


Aged Parenting through ART and Other Means

Jennifer A. Parks

in Family-Making: Contemporary Ethical Challenges

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199656066
eISBN:
9780191757099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656066.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Lately, the number of advanced age women seeking reproductive assistance has risen. While still not a mainstream activity, postmenopausal IVF has garnered attention because of sensationalized cases ... More


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