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The School of Maqâsid: The Higher Objectives of Law

Tariq Ramadan

in Radical Reform: Islamic Ethics and Liberation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195331714
eISBN:
9780191720987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331714.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter focuses on the school of higher objectives of law (madrasat al-maqâsid) established by Abû Ishâq ash-Shâtibî. It is shown that ash-Shâtibî's methodology reconciles scholars with the ... More


Anthropomorphism in Islam: The Challenge of Traditionalism (700-1350)

Livnat Holtzman

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780748689569
eISBN:
9781474444828
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748689569.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

More than any other issue in early and medieval Islamic theology, anthropomorphism (tashbīh) stood at the heart of many theological debates. These debates were not purely intellectual; they were ... More


In Search of Principles of Healthcare Ethics in Islam

Abdulaziz Sachedina

in Islamic Biomedical Ethics Principles and Application

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195378504
eISBN:
9780199869688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378504.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter explores the role culture plays in providing the moral presuppositions and the way ethics builds upon the formal normative framework, for the moral choices that Muslims make in the ... More


Cosmology in Early Islam: Developments That Led to al-Ghazālī’s Incoherence of the Philosophers

Frank Griffel

in Al-Ghazali's Philosophical Theology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331622
eISBN:
9780199867998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331622.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Islam

This chapter presents the two most important views about cosmology held by Muslims in the era of al-Ghazali. The first is the cosmology of the Ash’arite school of Muslim theology, which developed ... More


Lent

Nicholas Lossky

in Lancelot Andrewes, the Preacher (1555-1626): The Origins of the Mystical Theology of the Church of England

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780198261858
eISBN:
9780191682223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198261858.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter discusses the Lent sermons of Andrewes. Andrewes's Lent sermons were divided into two distinct series, eight of them were preached on Ash Wednesday (Sermons of Repentance and Fasting ... More


The Rise of Health Activism in the 1970s: The Health Pressure Group

Virginia Berridge

in Marketing Health: Smoking and the Discourse of Public Health in Britain, 1945-2000

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199260300
eISBN:
9780191717376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260300.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The emergence of media conscious public health activist groups in the 1960s and 1970s dealing with single issues such as smoking, diet, and heart disease or alcohol was a new development in this era ... More


Ash Can Realism

David E. Shi

in Facing Facts: Realism in American Thought and Culture, 1850–1920

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195106534
eISBN:
9780199854097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195106534.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

In The Genius, Theodore Dreiser told the story of a lustful young painter named Eugene Witla who, like himself, migrated from a small midwestern village to Chicago and then to New York City. Dreiser ... More


Nature's Embrace: Japan's Aging Urbanites and New Death Rites

Satsuki Kawano

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833725
eISBN:
9780824870850
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833725.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

Based on extensive fieldwork, this book reveals the emerging pluralization of death rites in postindustrial Japan. Low birth rates and high numbers of people remaining permanently single have led to ... More


Ash'arism and Black Theodicy

Sherman A. Jackson

in Islam and the Problem of Black Suffering

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195382068
eISBN:
9780199852437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382068.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter examines the early development and basic features of Ash’arite theology and its possible influence on black theodicy in the U.S. It relates a story that underscores the depth and ... More


Conclusion

Sherman A. Jackson

in Islam and the Problem of Black Suffering

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195382068
eISBN:
9780199852437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382068.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter sums up the key findings of this study on the influence of classical Sunni theological tradition on black theodicy in the U.S. It concludes that despite their emphatic and explicit ... More


Crescent Dawn in the Great White North: Muslim Participation in the Canadian Public Sphere

Karim H. Karim

in Muslims in the West: From Sojourners to Citizens

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195148053
eISBN:
9780199849277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148053.003.0018
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Whereas the majority of Muslims in Canada are Sunnis, there are substantial Shi'i communities of Isma'ilis and Ithna Ash'aris in almost all major centers. Although the current Canadian Muslim ... More


Peat and organic soil

Håkan Rydin and John K. Jeglum

in The Biology of Peatlands

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198528722
eISBN:
9780191728211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528722.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter defines and characterizes peat: its composition, physical, and chemical properties. Peats are organic-rich materials that have accumulated on wet, oxygen-poor substrates by sedentary ... More


Gradience at the Lexicon–Syntax Interface: Evidence from Auxiliary Selection and Implications for Unaccusativity

Antonella Sorace

in The Unaccusativity Puzzle: Explorations of the Syntax-Lexicon Interface

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199257652
eISBN:
9780191717772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199257652.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter shows that the Auxiliary Selection Hierarchy provides a generalization that captures the systematic variation exhibited by intransitive verbs in their choice of auxiliary across a number ... More


Venerable Tree Species

Tom Kimmerer

in Venerable Trees: History, Biology, and Conservation in the Bluegrass

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780813165660
eISBN:
9780813166681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813165660.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

There are five tree species that are long-lived and characteristic of the woodland pasture habitat of the Bluegrass. The same individual trees present in 1779 are still here today. These are bur oak, ... More


Regional Setting of the Jornada Basin

Greg H. Mack and Barbara A. Nolen

in Structure and Function of a Chihuahuan Desert Ecosystem: The Jornada Basin Long-Term Ecological Research Site

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195117769
eISBN:
9780197561201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195117769.003.0006
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

Within the area around Las Cruces, New Mexico, is a network of studies both at the Jornada Experimental Range (JER) and the Chihuahuan Desert Rangeland Research Center ... More


Damnation as the Exception: The Case of Ghazālī

Mohammad Hassan Khalil

in Islam and the Fate of Others: The Salvation Question

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199796663
eISBN:
9780199933082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796663.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Abu Hamid al-Ghazali (d. 1111) is arguably the most widely recognized scholar in Islamic intellectual history. In his discussions of the fate of non-Muslims, he argues that God, out of His mercy, ... More


Stewardship, Health, and Well-Being

Marianne E. Krasny and Keith G. Tidball

in Civic Ecology: Adaptation and Transformation from the Ground Up

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028653
eISBN:
9780262327169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028653.003.0007
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Hundreds of studies have documented the benefits of being able to see nature, and to take or walk or otherwise be in nature, on human health and well-being. These benefits may be physical, like ... More


Gestures and Aḥādīth al-Ṣifāt

Livnat Holtzman

in Anthropomorphism in Islam: The Challenge of Traditionalism (700-1350)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780748689569
eISBN:
9781474444828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748689569.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter spotlights the gestures (ishāra pl. ishārāt) which the teachers of Hadith (muḥaddithūn) performed while transmitting aḥādīth al-ṣifāt. The use of gestures in the context of aḥādīth ... More


The Diversified Solution to the Challenge of Islamic Traditionalism: Aḥādīth al-Ṣifāt and Bi-Lā Kayfa

Livnat Holtzman

in Anthropomorphism in Islam: The Challenge of Traditionalism (700-1350)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780748689569
eISBN:
9781474444828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748689569.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter examines the challenges that aḥādīth al-ṣifāt posed to the traditionalists, and the way the traditionalists met these challenges through the implementation of the bi-lā kayfa formula. ... More


Iconic Books and Gestures: Aḥādīth al-Ṣifāt in the Public Sphere

Livnat Holtzman

in Anthropomorphism in Islam: The Challenge of Traditionalism (700-1350)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780748689569
eISBN:
9781474444828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748689569.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter examines the ubiquitous presence of aḥādīth al-ṣifāt in the public sphere by focusing on four iconic texts: the caliphal Qadiri Creed, Ibn Khuzayma’s (d. 924) Kitāb al-Tawḥid, Fakhr ... More


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