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Self-Trust: A Study of Reason, Knowledge, and Autonomy

Keith Lehrer

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198236658
eISBN:
9780191679322
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198236658.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book offers an original philosophical view of principal aspects of the human condition, such as reason, knowledge, wisdom, autonomy, love, consensus, and consciousness. Three unifying ideas run ... More


The Mathematical Loop of Estavayer

Keith Lehrer

in Self-Trust: A Study of Reason, Knowledge, and Autonomy

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198236658
eISBN:
9780191679322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198236658.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the keystone loop at Estavayer can, with an increase of arches, connect and integrate without limit. From the perspective of a given arch, the other arches may seem ... More


Knowing the Trinity

Melchisedec TÖrÖnen

in Union and Distinction in the Thought of St Maximus the Confessor

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199296118
eISBN:
9780191712258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296118.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Discusses Maximian spirituality from a Trinitarian viewpoint. The question of movement in the Godhead is discussed, as well as the mystical ascent of the human person to the vision of God the Trinity ... More


Two False Dichotomies: Foundationalism/Coherentism and Internalism/Externalism

Ernest Sosa

in Pyrrhonian Skepticism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195169720
eISBN:
9780199786343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169727.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay lays out the rationale for two principles — ascent and closure — and shows how they imply further principles of exclusion and of the criterion. These principles lead to the “Pyrrhonian ... More


The Martyr’s Heaven

Candida R. Moss

in The Other Christs: Imitating Jesus in Ancient Christian Ideologies of Martyrdom

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199739875
eISBN:
9780199777259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739875.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Early Christian Studies

This chapter examines the martyrs’ rapid ascent to heaven following death and the roles that the martyrs play in the afterlife in heaven. In opposition to the ordinary dead, martyrs quickly ascend — ... More


The Limits of Thinking without Words

Jose Luis Bermudez

in Thinking without Words

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195159691
eISBN:
9780199849598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159691.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Forms of thinking that involve thinking about thought are only available to creatures participating in a public language. Thoughts can only be the objects of further thoughts if they have suitable ... More


Semantic Paradoxes

Graham Priest

in In Contradiction

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199263301
eISBN:
9780191718823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263301.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter defends the view that the semantic paradoxes are bona fide sound arguments. It states a set of conditions sufficient for contradiction and then defends the view that natural language ... More


Socrates' Speech: The Activity of Erōs

Frisbee C. C. Sheffield

in Plato's Symposium: The Ethics of Desire

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199286775
eISBN:
9780191713194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286775.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter explores Socrates argument for the proper activity of eros: philosophical activity. Since eudaimonia is the aim of all eros and its proper end (telos), our choice of good must be one ... More


Heaven: Egypt, Mesopotamia, Israel

John Casey

in After Lives: A Guide to Heaven, Hell, and Purgatory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195092950
eISBN:
9780199869732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195092950.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter explores the development of ideas of the afterlife amongt the ancient Egyptians, Mesopotamians, and Jews, including accounts of ascents to heaven. The Mesopotamian earthly paradise ... More


Hermes the Prophet

Kevin van Bladel

in The Arabic Hermes: From Pagan Sage to Prophet of Science

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195376135
eISBN:
9780199871636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376135.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

Over the course of many centuries, one Arabic author after another borrowed different materials from earlier works and synthesized them together to form new accounts of the ancient life and ... More


Ascent (and Descent)

Carol Harrison

in Rethinking Augustine's Early Theology: An Argument for Continuity

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199281664
eISBN:
9780191603402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281661.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

The ‘revolution’ in Augustine’s thought effected by his reading of the Platonists in 386 led to two seemingly antithetical emphases: a philosophical emphasis on the immutable, eternal, incorruptible ... More


Introduction. Autonomy: Specification of a Term, Recognition of a Problem

Katerina Deligiorgi

in The Scope of Autonomy: Kant and the Morality of Freedom

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199646159
eISBN:
9780191741142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646159.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Chapter 1 is introductory; it aims to locate the central concepts, ideas, and questions that arise in the context of current debates about autonomy. This chapter provides the basic Kantian ... More


Now You Know It, Now You Don't: Intellectualism, Contextualism, and Subject‐Sensitive Invariantism

Keith DeRose

in The Case for Contextualism: Knowledge, Skepticism, and Context, Vol. 1

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199564460
eISBN:
9780191721410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564460.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

Contextualism is shown to avoid certain problems, and to thereby gain an important advantage over subject-sensitive invariantism, by its ability to respect ‘intellectualism’, the thesis that ... More


Third Advent: Grace in this Life and Afterward Glory

Gordon Kipling

in Enter the King: Theatre, Liturgy, and Ritual in the Medieval Civic Triumph

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198117612
eISBN:
9780191671012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198117612.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

While abundant examples of striking single Third Advent pageants can be found in royal entries throughout Europe, only in England does one find a consistent preference for civic triumphs devoted in ... More


The Poem and Its Prose

Michel de Certeau, Luce Giard, and Michael B. Smith

in The Mystic Fable, Volume Two: The Sixteenth And Seventeenth Centuries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226209135
eISBN:
9780226209272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226209272.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter explores the relationship between poetry and prose (or discursivity) in the writings of John of the Cross. Other aspects of this relationship are beauty versus history and the gift of ... More


How the Gospels Became History: Jesus and Mediterranean Myths

M. D Litwa

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780300242638
eISBN:
9780300249484
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300242638.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

The purpose of this book is to show why and how (what later became) the four canonical gospels take on a historical cast, a history-like “feel” that remains vitally important for many Christians ... More


Motherhood and the Ascent of Man

Thomas Dixon

in The Invention of Altruism: Making Moral Meanings in Victorian Britain

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264263
eISBN:
9780191734816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264263.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter looks at three different ways that evolutionary science developed from the 1880s onwards to give rise to some quite different visions of altruism—including those which featured in two of ... More


Ficino and the Theory of Purging Same-Sex Sexuality

Todd W. Reeser

in Setting Plato Straight: Translating Ancient Sexuality in the Renaissance

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226307008
eISBN:
9780226307145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226307145.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

Although Ficino becomes the most important reader of Plato in early modern Europe, he never provides any kind of explicit reading strategy or methodology to follow for dealing with sexuality. But at ... More


Conflict and Autonomy

Keith Lehrer

in Self-Trust: A Study of Reason, Knowledge, and Autonomy

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198236658
eISBN:
9780191679322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198236658.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter turns to the existential thesis, the thesis of the priority of autonomy of choice in the keystone loop of acceptance and preference. Autonomous choice is the point at the centre of the ... More


Dionysius

J. P. Williams

in Denying Divinity: Apophasis in the Patristic Christian and Soto Zen Buddhist Traditions

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269991
eISBN:
9780191683855
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269991.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology, World Religions

Dionysius argues (in the conclusion to The Divine Names) that apophasis is an ascent towards the divine, involving not merely the intellect but the entire soul; and that the writers of scripture ... More


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