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Carrying Tens: Pascal, Morland, and the Challenge of Machine Calculation

Matthew L. Jones

in Reckoning with Matter: Calculating Machines, Innovation, and Thinking About Thinking from Pascal to Babbage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226411460
eISBN:
9780226411637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226411637.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Focusing upon the calculating machines of Blaise Pascal and Sir Samuel Morland from the seventeenth century, this chapter studies the skills necessary in calculation and those necessary for designing ... More


Chymists in the Mining Business

Hjalmar Fors

in The Limits of Matter: Chemistry, Mining, and Enlightenment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226194998
eISBN:
9780226195049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226195049.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter begins with an introduction of late seventeenth century chymistry, and shows how actors in the Holy Roman Empire and the European North perceived it as economically oriented and useful ... More


Teething Problems: Charles Stanhope and the Coordination of Technical Knowledge from Geneva to Kent

Matthew L. Jones

in Reckoning with Matter: Calculating Machines, Innovation, and Thinking About Thinking from Pascal to Babbage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226411460
eISBN:
9780226411637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226411637.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Using a rich store of documents, this chapter tracks the creation of a series of calculating machines by the English nobleman Charles Stanhope. Stanhope’s materialized design practice emerged from ... More


Artificer and Connoisseur

Lucia Dacome

in Malleable Anatomies: Models, Makers, and Material Culture in Eighteenth-Century Italy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198736189
eISBN:
9780191799914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198736189.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 2 follows the making and early viewing of the anatomy room at the Institute of the Sciences. The chapter focuses on the impressive career of Ercole Lelli (1702–1766), the Bolognese artificer ... More


Capturing the Laughing Gnome

Hjalmar Fors

in The Limits of Matter: Chemistry, Mining, and Enlightenment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226194998
eISBN:
9780226195049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226195049.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter studies how the new chemists dealt with those objects of knowledge that were now out of bounds. Through active boundary-work, belief in e. g., trolls and the efficacy of magic and ... More


Reckoning with Matter: Calculating Machines, Innovation, and Thinking About Thinking from Pascal to Babbage

Matthew L. Jones

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226411460
eISBN:
9780226411637
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226411637.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book studies mechanical calculating machines in the period before they became everyday commodities, from the attempts of Pascal in the 1640s through Babbage’s efforts in the 1820s-1840s. Through ... More


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