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Measuring the Intelligence of Everything

José Hernández-Orallo and Adolfo Plasencia

in Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.003.0031
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

In this dialogue comprising seven widely diverse sections, José Hernández-Orallo, specialist in AI, reflects on a variety of topics surrounding Natural Intelligence and Artificial Intelligence (AI): ... More


Computer-generated Works under the CDPA 1988

Jyh-An Lee

in Artificial Intelligence and Intellectual Property

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198870944
eISBN:
9780191913532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198870944.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

Copyright protection in some commonwealth jurisdictions extends to computer-generated works. Although many scholars deem the right over computer-generated works to be a neighbouring right, it is ... More


Patentability and PHOSITA in the AI Era—A Japanese Perspective

Ichiro Nakayama

in Artificial Intelligence and Intellectual Property

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198870944
eISBN:
9780191913532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198870944.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

Although it may not be clear whether AI may generate the invention autonomously without human intervention, recent development of AI produces inventions of AI technologies such as machine learning ... More


Foundational Patents in Artificial Intelligence

Raphael Zingg

in Artificial Intelligence and Intellectual Property

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198870944
eISBN:
9780191913532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198870944.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

Despite advocating openness, technology leaders have been patenting artificial intelligence (AI) inventions at an exponentially increasing rate. Patents on foundational techniques with broad ... More


AI as a Legal Person?

Eliza Mik

in Artificial Intelligence and Intellectual Property

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198870944
eISBN:
9780191913532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198870944.003.0020
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

Cyclical advancements in artificial intelligence (AI) are usually accompanied by theories advocating the granting of legal personhood to sophisticated, autonomous computers. This chapter criticizes ... More


Patent Examination of Artificial Intelligence-related Inventions: An Overview of China

Jianchen Liu and Ming Liu

in Artificial Intelligence and Intellectual Property

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198870944
eISBN:
9780191913532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198870944.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

To date, artificial intelligence (AI) has caused fundamental changes in inventing processes, and many issues are arising therefrom, especially whether and in what way inventions implemented by AI are ... More


Do Androids Dream of Electric Copyright?: Comparative Analysis of Originality in Artificial Intelligence Generated Works

Andres Guadamuz

in Artificial Intelligence and Intellectual Property

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198870944
eISBN:
9780191913532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198870944.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

The advent of sophisticated artificial neural networks has opened new artistic opportunities, but also a variety of new legal challenges. Computer programs such as Google’s Deep Dream can take an ... More


Competition and IP Policy for AI— Socio-economic Aspects of Innovation

Anselm Kamperman Sanders

in Artificial Intelligence and Intellectual Property

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198870944
eISBN:
9780191913532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198870944.003.0019
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

With the publication of its White Paper on Artificial Intelligence—A European Approach to Excellence and Trust, the European Commission has set the stage for regulatory measures to ensure that the ... More


Rethinking Software Protection

Peter R Slowinski

in Artificial Intelligence and Intellectual Property

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198870944
eISBN:
9780191913532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198870944.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

The core of artificial intelligence (AI) applications is software of one sort or another. But while available data and computing power are important for the recent quantum leap in AI, there would not ... More


What Cares?

Nancy S. Jecker

in Ending Midlife Bias: New Values for Old Age

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190949075
eISBN:
9780190949105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190949075.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 8 imagines future challenges of designing and deploying carebots for eldercare and related artificial intelligence (AI) applications. We examine the objection that sociable robots cannot ... More


Artificial intelligence, the brain, and our society

Thomas P. Trappenberg

in Fundamentals of Machine Learning

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198828044
eISBN:
9780191883873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828044.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

The concluding chapter is a brief venture into a more general discussion of machine learning, how it relates to artificial intelligence (AI), and the recent impact of this on society. It starts by ... More


We Want Robots to See and Understand the World

Antonio Torralba and Adolfo Plasencia

in Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.003.0027
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Antonio Torralba, member of MIT CSAIL, opens the dialogue by describing the research he performs in the field of computer vision and related artificial intelligence (AI). He also compares the ... More


Conclusion

Gary Smith

in The AI Delusion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198824305
eISBN:
9780191917295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824305.003.0015
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning

We live in an incredible period in history. The Computer Revolution may be even more life-changing than the Industrial Revolution. We can do things with computers that could never be done before, ... More


Patterns in Randomness

Gary Smith

in The AI Delusion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198824305
eISBN:
9780191917295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824305.003.0007
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning

I do an extra-sensory perception (ESP) experiment on the first day of my statistics classes. I show the students an ordinary coin— sometimes borrowed from a student—and flip the coin ten times. ... More


Symbols Without Context

Gary Smith

in The AI Delusion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198824305
eISBN:
9780191917295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824305.003.0005
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning

Humans have invaluable real-world knowledge because we have accumulated a lifetime of experiences that help us recognize, understand, and anticipate. Computers do not have real-world experiences to ... More


Take Two Aspirin

Gary Smith

in The AI Delusion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198824305
eISBN:
9780191917295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824305.003.0011
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning

IBM’s Watson got an avalanche of publicity when it won Jeopardy, but Watson is potentially far more valuable as a massive digital database for doctors, lawyers, and other professionals who can ... More


Advances in Technology

Richard Susskind

in Online Courts and the Future of Justice

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780198838364
eISBN:
9780191932397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198838364.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Legal Profession and Ethics

Many lawyers and judges are uneasy when speaking about technology. They bemoan the jargon of technologists, oblivious to the irony that legal experts are greatly superior purveyors of jargon. One ... More


Detecting and Prosecuting IP Infringement with AICan the AI Genie Repulse the Forty Counterfeit Thieves of Alibaba?

Daniel Seng

in Artificial Intelligence and Intellectual Property

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198870944
eISBN:
9780191913532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198870944.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

Drawing from available quantitative and qualitative data, this chapter briefly identifies and describes the automated as well as the more sophisticated AI-driven systems deployed to detect and ... More


Article 13 Information to be provided where personal data are collected from the data subject

Gabriela Zanfir-Fortuna

in The EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR): A Commentary

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780198826491
eISBN:
9780191932267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198826491.003.0044
Subject:
Law, EU Law

Article 5(1) (Principle of fairness, lawfulness and transparency); Article 12 (Transparent information, communication and modalities for the exercise of the rights of the data subject); Article 14 ... More


Article 4(1). Personal data

Lee A. Bygrave and Luca Tosoni

in The EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR): A Commentary

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780198826491
eISBN:
9780191932267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198826491.003.0007
Subject:
Law, EU Law

The principles of data protection should apply to any information concerning an identified or identifiable natural person. Personal data which have undergone pseudonymisation, which could be ... More


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