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Image to Interpretation: An Intelligent System to Aid Historians in Reading the Vindolanda Texts

Melissa Terras

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199204557
eISBN:
9780191708121
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204557.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, British and Irish History: BCE to 500CE

The ink and stylus tablets discovered at the Roman fort of Vindolanda are a unique resource for scholars of ancient history. However, the stylus tablets in particular are extremely difficult to read. ... More


Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

B. Jack Copeland (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

The mathematical genius Alan Turing (1912-1954) was one of the greatest scientists and thinkers of the 20th century. Now well known for his crucial wartime role in breaking the ENIGMA code, he was ... More


An Archaeology Of Artificial Life, Underwater

Stefan Helmreich, Sophia Roosth, and Michele Friedner

in Sounding the Limits of Life: Essays in the Anthropology of Biology and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164809
eISBN:
9781400873869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164809.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines how scientists working on Artificial Life have understood their practices as situated historically. It first considers the practice of finding genealogies for Artificial Life, ... More


Turing and the computer

B. Jack Copeland and Diane Proudfoot

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter discusses Turing's contributions to the field of computing. Topics covered include the Turing machine, cryptanalytic machines, the ACE and the EDVAC, the Manchester computer, artificial ... More


Apocalyptic AI: Visions of Heaven in Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, and Virtual Reality

Robert Geraci

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393026
eISBN:
9780199777136
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393026.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The hope that we might one day upload our minds into robots and, eventually, cyberspace has become commonplace and now affects life across a broad spectrum of western culture. Popular science books ... More


Laboratory Apocalypse

Robert M. Geraci

in Apocalyptic AI: Visions of Heaven in Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, and Virtual Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393026
eISBN:
9780199777136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393026.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Apocalyptic AI is transmitted to roboticists and AI researchers through science fiction and is expressed in pop science as a means of raising the cultural prestige of research and researchers and ... More


Passionate Engines: What Emotions Reveal about the Mind and Artificial Intelligence

Craig DeLancey

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195142716
eISBN:
9780199833153
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195142713.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Passionate Engines shows that our best understanding of emotion has important implications for understanding intentionality, rationality, phenomenal consciousness, artificial ... More


Apocalyptic AI

Robert M. Geraci

in Apocalyptic AI: Visions of Heaven in Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, and Virtual Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393026
eISBN:
9780199777136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393026.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Apocalyptic AI is a movement that exemplifies the longstanding connection between religion and science in the western world. The movement, based on popular science books by Hans Moravec and Ray ... More


“Immaterial” Impact of the Apocalypse

Robert M. Geraci

in Apocalyptic AI: Visions of Heaven in Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, and Virtual Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393026
eISBN:
9780199777136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393026.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Apocalyptic AI predictions have garnered so much attention that—in combination with rapidly progressing robotic technology—widespread public attention has focused upon how human beings and robots ... More


Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The human‐built environment is increasingly being populated by artificial agents that, through artificial intelligence (AI), are capable of acting autonomously. The software controlling these ... More


Accelerating AI

John O. McGinnis

in Accelerating Democracy: Transforming Governance Through Technology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151021
eISBN:
9781400845453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151021.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter focuses on artificial intelligence (AI). The development of machine intelligence can directly improve governance, because progress in AI can help in assessing policy consequences. More ... More


Principles of Synthetic Intelligence PSI: An Architecture of Motivated Cognition

Joscha Bach

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195370676
eISBN:
9780199870721
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370676.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

Although computational models of cognition have become very popular, these models are relatively limited in their coverage of cognition—they usually only emphasize problem solving and reasoning, or ... More


DANGERS, RIGHTS, AND RESPONSIBILITIES

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The desirability of computers making moral decisions poses an array of future dangers that are difficult to anticipate but will, nevertheless, need to be monitored and managed. Public policy and ... More


Law in an Era of “Smart” Technology

Susan W. Brenner

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195333480
eISBN:
9780199855353
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333480.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

In this book, Susan Brenner analyzes the complex and evolving interactions between law and technology and provides a thorough and detailed account of the law in technology at the beginning of the ... More


Theoretical Neuroscience: The Brain as a Computer and the Computer as a Brain

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Creating Modern Neuroscience: The Revolutionary 1950s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391503
eISBN:
9780199863464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391503.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on the development of theoretical neuroscience. The mid-20th century marked the emergence of several new fields that laid the foundations for general theories of brain function. ... More


Rationality and Intelligence

Stuart Russell

in Common Sense, Reasoning, and Rationality

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147667
eISBN:
9780199785865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147669.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers how to formalize intelligence or rationality in a way that has value for the development of agents built for a specific application and of general theories of intelligence. It ... More


Implications

Susan W. Brenner

in Law in an Era of “Smart” Technology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195333480
eISBN:
9780199855353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333480.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter summarizes the analysis presented in the earlier chapters and addresses its implications. It notes the difficulties involved in forecasting the ways in which misuse will manifest itself ... More


When Your BFF Is an AI: Artificial Intelligence as Folk

Tok Thompson

in Posthuman Folklore

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781496825087
eISBN:
9781496825131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496825087.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

Artificial intelligence programs have increasingly entered public discourse in many diverse and overlapping ways. The various artificial intelligences are connected to our biologically based ones ... More


The Economics of Artificial Intelligence: An Agenda

Ajay Agrawal, Joshua Gans, and Avi Goldfarb (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226613338
eISBN:
9780226613475
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226613475.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Recent advances in artificial intelligence (AI) highlight its potential to affect productivity, growth, inequality, market power, innovation, and employment. In September 2017, the National Bureau of ... More


Fool’s intelligence

Guy Robinson

in Philosophy and Mystification

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823222919
eISBN:
9780823235513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823222919.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Artificial intelligence (AI), the attempt to produce or imitate intelligence, is different from mechanical intelligence and the machine intelligence discussed in Chapter 5. It is not always to be ... More


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