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“A Borrowed Suit”: Peers Accept the Inevitable

Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

in Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151169
eISBN:
9780199833917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515116X.003.0022
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

On August 31, a “special committee,” consisting of 45 members of the House of Peers, began a series of secret meetings that would last until October 3. Attention focused again on the emperor's role ... More


“Sincere and Steady Efforts”: Denouement

Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

in Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151169
eISBN:
9780199833917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515116X.003.0020
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Recounts the climax in the House of Representatives over constitutional revision. (In Japan's new democratic dispensation, the popularly elected lower house had controlling power.) Ch. 18 tells how ... More


“Fervent Hopes”: Pacifism and Human Rights

Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

in Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151169
eISBN:
9780199833917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515116X.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Recounts the intense debate in the revision committee over Article 9, renouncing war and armed forces, and the contents of the bill of rights (Chapter III). The chapter reveals sharp quarrels between ... More


“Fresh Trouble”: The House Subcommittee Frames Amendments

Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

in Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151169
eISBN:
9780199833917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515116X.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The last week of July was a critical period for the framing of Japan's postwar Constitution. Ashida Hitoshi appointed 14 Diet members (including Kita Reikichi and Inukai Takeru) to a special ... More


“Last Service to the Fatherland”: The House of Peers Addresses Constitutional Revision

Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

in Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151169
eISBN:
9780199833917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515116X.003.0021
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Having passed the lower house, the proposed revision came next before the House of Peers. The aristocratic upper house would exist no longer under the new constitution, yet its approval was critical ... More


Conclusion

Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

in Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151169
eISBN:
9780199833917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515116X.003.0024
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The Conclusion notes that Japanese political leaders are currently considering whether to amend their Constitution, particularly article 9, renouncing war and armed forces. In this light, it is ... More


Freedom of Expression, Belief, and Assembly

Brice Dickson

in The European Convention on Human Rights and the Conflict in Northern Ireland

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199571383
eISBN:
9780191721854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571383.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The law relating to the freedoms protected by Articles 9 to 11 of the European Convention — freedom of speech, belief, assembly, and association — has in Northern Ireland always been similar to that ... More


Limitations on Manifestations of Religion or Belief

Carolyn Evans

in Freedom of Religion under the European Convention on Human Rights

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199243648
eISBN:
9780191697272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243648.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter examines State implementation of Article 9(2) to balance out competing interests between individual freedom to manifest a religion or belief and the legitimate interests of the State in ... More


Neutral and Generally Applicable Laws

Carolyn Evans

in Freedom of Religion under the European Convention on Human Rights

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199243648
eISBN:
9780191697272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243648.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter discusses the issue of breaching the compromise between legislation and certain religious groups through enforcing certain laws conflicting with certain religious cultures, which appears ... More


Religious Freedom and the Individual

Norman Doe

in Law and Religion in Europe: A Comparative Introduction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199604005
eISBN:
9780191729331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604005.003.0003
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Comparative Law

This chapter explores religious freedom, particularly from the perspective of individuals. It covers religious freedom in the constitutions of European States, as well as concessions and exemptions ... More


The Right to Manifest a Religion or Belief

Carolyn Evans

in Freedom of Religion under the European Convention on Human Rights

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199243648
eISBN:
9780191697272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243648.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter concentrates on the application of the right to manifest freedom of religion or belief — an essential protection for freedom of religion or belief stipulated in Article 9(1) under the ... More


Conclusion

Carolyn Evans

in Freedom of Religion under the European Convention on Human Rights

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199243648
eISBN:
9780191697272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243648.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter sums up the issues regarding the fundamental human right of freedom of religion or belief and the analysis regarding the drafting, implementation, interpretation, and other aspects of ... More


Historical Background

Carolyn Evans

in Freedom of Religion under the European Convention on Human Rights

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199243648
eISBN:
9780191697272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243648.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter explains the history and development of the Convention through the drafting of the history of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights to explain the intended interpretation of Article ... More


Control of Territory and Human Rights Obligations of Armed Groups

Katharine Fortin

in The Accountability of Armed Groups under Human Rights Law

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198808381
eISBN:
9780191846106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808381.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

Chapter 9 considers the relevance of control of territory to the acquisition of legal obligations by armed groups. Employing the principle of ‘effectiveness’ as its starting point, the chapter ... More


Freedom of Religion under the European Convention on Human Rights

Carolyn Evans

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199243648
eISBN:
9780191697272
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243648.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

Freedom of religion and belief is one of the central rights set out in international human rights treaties and yet it has also been one of the most controversial. While it is generally agreed that ... More


Towards a Theory of Freedom of Religion or Belief

Carolyn Evans

in Freedom of Religion under the European Convention on Human Rights

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199243648
eISBN:
9780191697272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243648.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter explores the theoretical rationale for religious freedom in modern European States, in various present cultures. As explained through Dworkin's concept, the conception of freedom of ... More


Armed Groups and Crimes against Humanity

Katharine Fortin

in The Accountability of Armed Groups under Human Rights Law

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198808381
eISBN:
9780191846106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808381.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

The chapter considers the relevance of the law on crimes against humanity to explanations of how armed groups are bound by international human rights law. Exploring the two-tiered nature of crimes ... More


Who is the Citizen of the Union?

Stephen Weatherill

in Law and Values in the European Union

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199557264
eISBN:
9780191828768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557264.003.0007
Subject:
Law, EU Law

This chapter illustrates that each national of a Member State shall be a Citizen of the Union (Articles 9 TEU and 20(1) TFEU). Citizenship of a modern European State comes with a range of ... More


The New Conservative Mainstream and New Security Policies Under Prime Minister Shinzō Abe, 2012 to 2016

Andrew L. Oros

in Japan's Security Renaissance: New Policies and Politics for the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231172615
eISBN:
9780231542593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172615.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter examines the return of Shinzo Abe to Prime Minister of Japan from 2012-2015, paying special attention to new security legislation and military capabilities developed in this period.


Postwar Refractions: The United Nations and the New Japan

Jessamyn R. Abel

in The International Minimum: Creativity and Contradiction in Japan's Global Engagement, 1933-1964

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824841072
eISBN:
9780824868086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824841072.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

The wartime persistence of internationalist thinking contributed to the quick acceptance in the immediate postwar years of the new United Nations, which in terms of its principles and ideals ... More


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