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Science and World Culture

Lawrence A. Scaff

in Max Weber in America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147796
eISBN:
9781400836710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147796.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Population and Demography

This chapter examines Max Weber's views on science and world culture by focusing on his lecture at the Congress of Arts and Science held in September 1904 in St. Louis, Missouri. The St. Louis ... More


The Art and Science of Marketing: Marketing for Marketing Managers

Grahame Dowling

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199269617
eISBN:
9780191699429
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269617.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Marketing

If an organization has customers, it needs to understand marketing. To achieve the best results from marketing requires a subtle blend of art and science. It can also benefit from recommendations for ... More


Public Money and the Public Good

Ruth Barton

in The X Club: Power and Authority in Victorian Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226551616
eISBN:
9780226551753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226551753.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The chapter examines changing modes of support for scientific research and science education. The X-men were deeply committed to the expansion of science education but, contrary to historiographical ... More


Joshua Reynolds’s “Nice Chymistry” in the 1770s

Matthew C. Hunter

in Painting with Fire: Sir Joshua Reynolds, Photography, and the Temporally Evolving Chemical Object

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226390253
eISBN:
9780226390390
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226390390.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores Joshua Reynolds’s experiments with unstable chemical materials both in his painting practice and in his theory of art. It places the painter in his native environs of Plymouth ... More


The Clinician's Experience: Power Versus Magic in Medicine

Eric J. Cassell

in The Nature of Suffering and the Goals of Medicine

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195156164
eISBN:
9780199999880
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156164.003.0012
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine and Older People

This chapter discusses the experience of the clinician, beginning with the science and art of the practice of medicine. It then moves on to the importance of the clinician's experience, the relation ... More


Natural Philosophy and the Mechanical Arts in the Early Modern Era

Eric Schatzberg

in Technology: Critical History of a Concept

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226583839
eISBN:
9780226584027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226584027.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The sharp medieval distinction between philosophy and the mechanical arts began to erode in the fifteenth century, in part because technical knowledge became increasingly important to political ... More


Introduction: Slow-Motion Mobiles

Matthew C. Hunter

in Painting with Fire: Sir Joshua Reynolds, Photography, and the Temporally Evolving Chemical Object

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226390253
eISBN:
9780226390390
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226390390.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Scottish-born banker James Coutts sat for a portrait with painter Joshua Reynolds in the early 1770s. Painted on a panel of unprimed mahogany, the resulting picture is now a wreck. Flakes tear ... More


Space, Time, and Chemistry: Making Enlightenment “Photography” in the 1860s

Matthew C. Hunter

in Painting with Fire: Sir Joshua Reynolds, Photography, and the Temporally Evolving Chemical Object

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226390253
eISBN:
9780226390390
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226390390.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter considers how late-eighteenth-century chemical replicas after chemically unstable academic paintings were rediscovered in the early 1860s. Seeking to acquire a prototype of James Watt’s ... More


The Art of Science: Nineteenth-Century Theory and the Logic of Practice

Philipp Erchinger

in Artful Experiments: Ways of Knowing in Victorian Literature and Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781474438957
eISBN:
9781474453790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474438957.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter examines how nineteenth-century philosophers from William Paley and Charles Darwin to John S. Mill and William Whewell described and debated the relations between art and science as well ... More


Racial Photography in Palestine

Amos Morris-Reich

in Race and Photography: Racial Photography as Scientific Evidence, 1876-1980

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226320748
eISBN:
9780226320915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226320915.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter Five documents the shift of racial photographic studies of Jews from Europe to Palestine. The chapter studies the two most prominent authors who wrote on race and employed photography in ... More


Racial Photographs from Icons to Schemes: The “Case” of Central and Eastern European Jews, 1880–1927

Amos Morris-Reich

in Race and Photography: Racial Photography as Scientific Evidence, 1876-1980

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226320748
eISBN:
9780226320915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226320915.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter Two shifts perspective from an investigation of various photographic methods and techniques to close analysis of the actual roles of photographs in scientific argumentation. Focusing on the ... More


Reconstruction and Resurgence, 1648–1705: the Reich Under Ferdinand III And Leopold I

Joachim Whaley

in Germany and the Holy Roman Empire: Volume II: The Peace of Westphalia to the Dissolution of the Reich, 1648-1806

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693078
eISBN:
9780191732256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693078.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

Against the traditional view that the Reich declined after the Peace of Westphalia, this section argues that Ferdinand III and Leopold I forged a viable synthesis of German monarchy and German ... More


“Rend’rd Imortal”: The Work of Art in an Age of Chemical Reproduction

Matthew C. Hunter

in Painting with Fire: Sir Joshua Reynolds, Photography, and the Temporally Evolving Chemical Object

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226390253
eISBN:
9780226390390
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226390390.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the work of entrepreneurs and industrialists from the mid-1770s through the 1790s who competed for supremacy in developing chemical techniques by which to replicate chemically ... More


Object Lessons

Sherry Turkle

in Educating the Whole Child for the Whole World: The Ross School Model and Education for the Global Era

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814741405
eISBN:
9780814786550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814741405.003.0009
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter discusses the importance of objects—artistic and mundane—in fuelling the passions of children who will eventually become some of the most important inventors and scientists. It engages ... More


Conclusion: Coral Scientists on the Brink

Irus Braverman

in Coral Whisperers: Scientists on the Brink

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780520298842
eISBN:
9780520970830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520298842.003.0013
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Conservation is the art of cultivating—here, that means cultivating both corals and hope for the future. The book’s conclusion begins with a description of two art-science collaborations and then ... More


“Pictures … in time petrify’d”

Matthew C. Hunter

in Painting with Fire: Sir Joshua Reynolds, Photography, and the Temporally Evolving Chemical Object

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226390253
eISBN:
9780226390390
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226390390.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter surveys research into artificial phosphorus conducted in the 1670s by leading figures in the early Royal Society of London. Mastered by itinerant chymists from German-speaking lands, ... More


Art or Craft?

Angelica Goodden

in Rousseau's Hand: The Crafting of a Writer

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199683833
eISBN:
9780191766190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683833.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature, European Literature

This chapter explores Rousseau's attitude towards various arts, especially as they are addressed in his Discours sur les sciences et les arts, and compares them with the artisan's practical activity. ... More


The Biochemistry of Life

Mark Jackson

in The Age of Stress: Science and the Search for Stability

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199588626
eISBN:
9780191750779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588626.003.0004
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The relationship between adaptation and disease was initially explained primarily in terms of the function or malfunction of the autonomic nervous system. However, during the middle decades of the ... More


Artful Experiments: Ways of Knowing in Victorian Literature and Science

Philipp Erchinger

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781474438957
eISBN:
9781474453790
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474438957.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

What is the connection between Victorian writing and experiment? Artful Experiments seeks to answer this question by approaching the field of literature and science in a way that is not so much ... More


Introduction: Changing the Angle of Vision

in The Lady Anatomist: The Life and Work of Anna Morandi Manzolini

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226520810
eISBN:
9780226520841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226520841.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This book modifies the monumental discrepancy between the Anna Morandi of a tenuous, 250-year succession of biographers and the woman revealed in her vibrant, three-dimensional atlas of the human ... More


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