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“Polluted with Counterfeit Colours”: Cosmetic Theater

Tanya Pollard

in Drugs and Theater in Early Modern England

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199270835
eISBN:
9780191710322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199270835.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter examines how depictions of poisonous cosmetics express early modern anxieties about the dangerous powers of seductive spectacles, with an emphasis on the theater. Understood in the early ... More


Interaction of tobacco with other risk factors

Albert B. Lowenfels and Patrick Maisonneuve

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0034
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Tobacco exposure causes both malignant and non-malignant disease and has been estimated to be the aetiology of approximately 4% of the global burden of disease. Because of the frequency of smoking, ... More


Water Contaminants

KENNETH P. CANTOR, MARY H. WARD, LEE E. MOORE, and JAY H LUBIN

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0020
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses water contaminants that may contribute to the human cancer burden. Specifically, it addresses the epidemiologic evidence for several contaminants and includes information on ... More


Cancer of the Liver and Biliary Tract

Sherri Stuver and Dimitrios Trichopoulos

in Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195311174
eISBN:
9780199865093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311174.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Primary liver cancer encompasses hepatocellular carcinoma (>90%), cholangiocarcinoma (<10%), and some other rare histologic types. Hepatocellular carcinoma is one of the most common cancers in ... More


Toroku: Mountain Dreams, Chemical Nightmares

Timothy S. George

in Japan at Nature's Edge: The Environmental Context of a Global Power

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824836924
eISBN:
9780824871109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824836924.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the adverse effects of environmental pollution on human bodies by focusing on the case of arsenic poisoning in Toroku, a tiny mountain hamlet in Japan, attributed to Sumitomo ... More


The Possibility of Toxicity from Arsenic, and from Other Medicines

Ralph Colp Jr. M.D.

in Darwin's Illness

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032313
eISBN:
9780813039237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032313.003.0022
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In October 1971, John H. Winslow wrote a brochure entitled Darwin's Victorian Malady: Evidence for Its Medically Induced Origin. In it, Dr. Winslow rejected all previous explanations for Charles ... More


Arsenic

William M. Alley and Rosemarie Alley

in High and Dry: Meeting the Challenges of the World's Growing Dependence on Groundwater

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300220384
eISBN:
9780300227550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300220384.003.0013
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter begins with what has been called “the largest poisoning of a population in history,” as a result of arsenic poisoning from wells in Bangladesh and West Bengal, India. The chapter then ... More


Liver Disorders

Barry S. Levy

in Occupational and Environmental Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190662677
eISBN:
9780190662707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662677.003.0030
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter describes occupational and environmental liver disorders. It describes the types of liver function and types of liver damage, and how these functions and this damage can be assessed. ... More


Kidney Disorders

Virginia M. Weaver, Bernard G. Jaar, and Jeffrey J. Fadrowski

in Occupational and Environmental Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190662677
eISBN:
9780190662707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662677.003.0031
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter describes kidney disorders related to occupational and environmental exposures and addresses prevention and control. Sections address assessment of kidney function, acute kidney injury, ... More


Substituted Milk

Philippe Grandjean

in Only One Chance: How Environmental Pollution Impairs Brain Development -- and How to Protect the Brains of the Next Generation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199985388
eISBN:
9780199346233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199985388.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In the 1950s, thousands of infants in Japan were poisoned with arsenic and dramatically showed how vulnerable the infant brain is to toxic substances. Powdered milk had been inadvertently ... More


The poet and the poison

John Emsley

in The Elements of Murder: A History of Poison

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780192805997
eISBN:
9780191916410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192805997.003.0008
Subject:
Chemistry, History of Chemistry

Mercury is not a particularly promising homicidal poison, but it is possible to dispose of someone by feeding them mercury(II) chloride provided you disguise its metallic taste. In the 1800s ... More


Malevolent arsenic

John Emsley

in The Elements of Murder: A History of Poison

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780192805997
eISBN:
9780191916410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192805997.003.0012
Subject:
Chemistry, History of Chemistry

We can never know who committed the first murder with arsenic or even who discovered the deadly nature of arsenical compounds. Although the natural arsenic minerals orpiment and realgar are ... More


Driving you hairless

John Emsley

in The Elements of Murder: A History of Poison

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780192805997
eISBN:
9780191916410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192805997.003.0023
Subject:
Chemistry, History of Chemistry

William Crookes named thallium after the bright green colour it produced when its salts were put into a Bunsen burner flame. He compared the colour to that of a fresh green shoot, so he based its ... More


Surra and the Emergence of Tropical Veterinary Medicine in Colonial India

James L. Hevia

in Animal Labor and Colonial Warfare

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226562148
eISBN:
9780226562315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226562315.003.0009
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

One of these infectious diseases, Trypanosomiasis, known to Punjabi sarwans as surra, was transmitted by biting flies. The canals created new breeding grounds for these flies and by 1907 surra was ... More


Water Contaminants

Kenneth P. Cantor, Craig M. Steinmaus, Mary H. Ward, and Laura E. Beane Freeman

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190238667
eISBN:
9780190238698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190238667.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Humans have long recognized the hazards of microbial contamination of drinking water. Only since the 1960s, however, have epidemiologic studies systematically examined whether naturally occurring ... More


Living Downstream

Andrew Ross

in Bird on Fire: Lessons from the World's Least Sustainable City

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199828265
eISBN:
9780197563205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199828265.003.0010
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Sustainability

In neighborhoods well to the north of the Salt River channel, Phoenix’s artist communities and downtown advocates fought for mixed-use zoning that would allow places of residence to coexist with ... More


Voyage into Fog

Steven C. Smith

in Music by Max Steiner: The Epic Life of Hollywood's Most Influential Composer

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190623272
eISBN:
9780190623302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190623272.003.0018
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter juxtaposes Steiner’s intense correspondence with his estranged wife—then living in New York, and hoping to begin a singing career at age 35—with the emotional power of his scores of the ... More


Red Wells or Green Wells and Does It Matter? Examining Household Use of Arsenic-contaminated Water in Bangladesh

A. K. Enamul Haque, Zakir H. Khan, Mani Nepal, and Priya Shyamsundar

in Environment and Development Economics: Essays in Honour of Sir Partha Dasgupta

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199677856
eISBN:
9780191757266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677856.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Naturally occurring arsenic in groundwater is a major public health problem in Bangladesh. It is a difficult problem to address, partly because the effects of arsenic poisoning are not readily ... More


Chapter 17

Mark Glancy

in Cary Grant, the Making of a Hollywood Legend

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780190053130
eISBN:
9780190053161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190053130.003.0018
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

By 1941, Cary Grant had his pick of films. Almost everything was offered to him and everyone wanted to work with him. Wary of being typecast, he resisted making more screwball comedies. Instead, he ... More


Of Pea-Soup, Dangers of Coffee in the Morning, and the Test of Mr Marsh

Lars Öhrström

in The Last Alchemist in Paris: And other curious tales from chemistry

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199661091
eISBN:
9780191916885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199661091.003.0024
Subject:
Chemistry, History of Chemistry

Friday the thirteenth is supposed to be the unlucky day, but for ex-King Eric XIV of Sweden it must have been a Thursday, because Thursdays are pea-soup days, at least in Sweden and Finland. It may ... More


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