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Cardiorespiratory Integration

Patrice G. Guyenet

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter describes how the central nervous system (CNS) coordinates respiration and the circulation to achieve pO2 and pCO2 homeostasis and optimal tissue oxygenation. The process occurs at ... More


The Epidemiology of Heart Failure

John G.F. Cleland

in Supportive Care in Heart Failure

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198570288
eISBN:
9780191730030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570288.003.0002
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter concentrates on the state of knowledge in the epidemiology of heart failure (HF). It starts by addressing the definition, diagnosis, and cause of HF in order to understand the ... More


Heart Failure: Pathophysiology

Yasuhiro Ikeda, Takeshi Yamamoto, Masafumi Yano, and Masunori Matsuzaki

in Supportive Care in Heart Failure

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198570288
eISBN:
9780191730030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570288.003.0003
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter considers the state of knowledge in the pathophysiology of heart failure (HF). In particular, it reviews the pathophysiological characteristics of HF, and describes the link between ... More


Interventions on an unprecedented scale

William A. Silverman

in Where's the Evidence?: Debates in Modern Medicine

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630889
eISBN:
9780191723568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630889.003.0043
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a 1997 commentary on the views of moral philosopher Hans Jonas in relation to drug trials to treat cardiac arrhythmias. Joans claimed that modern technology has introduced ... More


Mechanisms, Mediators, and Adaptive Consequences of Caregiving

Stephen W. Porges and C. Sue Carter

in Moving Beyond Self-Interest: Perspectives from Evolutionary Biology, Neuroscience, and the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195388107
eISBN:
9780199918386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388107.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This essay describes neurobiological and neuroendocrine mechanisms that are implicated in human caregiving. Anatomical and biochemical systems that first appeared in the evolutionary transition from ... More


The Basis of ECG Diagnosis

Jaakko Malmivuo

in Bioelectromagnetism: Principles and Applications of Bioelectric and Biomagnetic Fields

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195058239
eISBN:
9780199847839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195058239.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter discusses the forward problem of ECG diagnosis. This leads to the solution of the inverse problem through the empirical approach. The empirical approach is acceptable in this case, ... More


Cardiac Defibrillation

Jaakko Malmivuo

in Bioelectromagnetism: Principles and Applications of Bioelectric and Biomagnetic Fields

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195058239
eISBN:
9780199847839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195058239.003.0024
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter explores the use of cardiac stimulation to terminate arrhythmias. Its focus is mainly on defibrillation, in which very high energy shocks are applied for the purpose of ending the ... More


Electroconvulsive Therapy

John R. Lipsey

in Psychiatric Aspects of Neurologic Diseases: Practical approaches to patient care

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195309430
eISBN:
9780197562451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195309430.003.0029
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a highly effective intervention for severe major depression (American Psychiatric Association Committee on ... More


Cardiac disease

William H. Frishman

in Alcohol: Science, Policy and Public Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199655786
eISBN:
9780191757082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655786.003.0030
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the link between alcohol consumption and cardiovascular disease. Over the past twenty years, alcohol has increasingly been viewed as a potential ally in the war against ... More


My Personalized Disease Cells

Sheldon Krimsky

in Stem Cell Dialogues: A Philosophical and Scientific Inquiry Into Medical Frontiers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231167482
eISBN:
9780231539401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231167482.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

In this dialogue, Dr. Rebecca Franklin is having a conversation with Dr. Leonard Phillips, a pediatric cardiologist, and Dan Henderson, a cell biologist, regarding the promise of the “disease in the ... More


Cardiovascular Disorders

Kenneth D. Rosenman

in Occupational and Environmental Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190662677
eISBN:
9780190662707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662677.003.0029
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter describes cardiovascular disorders related to occupational and environmental exposures. Sections of the chapter address cardiovascular disease due to carbon monoxide, nitrates, ... More


Autonomic Regulation, Polyvagal Theory, and Children’s Prosocial Development

Paul D. Hastings and Jonas G. Miller

in Prosocial Development: A Multidimensional Approach

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199964772
eISBN:
9780199368693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199964772.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Social Psychology

Early studies examining the relations between respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), an index of parasympathetic regulation, and children’s prosocial development provided little evidence of consistent ... More


Psychophysiology Indicators of Relational Aggression

Dianna Murray-Close, Nicole L. Breslend, and Leigh Ann Holterman

in The Development of Relational Aggression

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190491826
eISBN:
9780190491840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190491826.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Mounting evidence implicates psychophysiological processes in the development of relational aggression. This review discusses the state of the field regarding associations between physiological ... More


Monitoring Depth of Anaesthesia

Patrick Magee and Mark Tooley

in The Physics, Clinical Measurement and Equipment of Anaesthetic Practice for the FRCA

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199595150
eISBN:
9780191918032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199595150.003.0023
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Anesthesiology

There are, and have been, many monitors designed to monitor depth of anaesthesia and to give an indication of awareness during surgery, which use electrical signals obtained from the human body. ... More


Cardiovascular system

Michelle Green and Kirsten Huby

in Clinical Skills in Children's Nursing

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199559039
eISBN:
9780191917837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199559039.003.0018
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Nursing Skills

This chapter will outline the anatomy and physiology of the cardiovascular system and the changes that occur during childhood as this body system matures. Signs and symptoms of cardiovascular ... More


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