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What Is Attention? Navigating Its Complex History and Facing the Challenges Ahead

Kim Cornish and John Wilding

in Attention, Genes, and Developmental Disorders

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195179941
eISBN:
9780199864652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179941.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Chapter 2 introduces the notion of attention and examines the various taxonomies of attention that have been proposed. Selective processes are the core of attention; some are automatic but most ... More


Infant Attention, Arousal, and the Brain

John E. Richards

in Infant Perception and Cognition: Recent Advances, Emerging Theories, and Future Directions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195366709
eISBN:
9780199863969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366709.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Vision

This chapter reviews work being done on infant attention that was inspired by the early work of Cohen (e.g., Cohen, 1972). It looks at behavioral and psychophysiological studies showing that infant ... More


Drugs acting on arousal and sleep systems

Heather Ashton

in Brain Function and Psychotropic Drugs

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192622426
eISBN:
9780191724749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622426.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Nearly all psychotropic drugs act at some point on arousal and sleep systems in the brain. Central nervous system stimulants and depressants are classified according to whether they increase or ... More


Reward and punishment systems

Heather Ashton

in Brain Function and Psychotropic Drugs

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192622426
eISBN:
9780191724749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622426.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

The idea of a goal-directed arousal system in the brain implies the existence of some mechanism for selecting appropriate goals, for initiating the behaviours required to achieve them, and for ... More


Circuit Mechanisms Underlying Behavioral Variability during Recovery of Consciousness following Severe Brain Injury

Nicholas D. Schiff

in The Dynamic Brain: An Exploration of Neuronal Variability and Its Functional Significance

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195393798
eISBN:
9780199897049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393798.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Recovery of consciousness following severe brain injuries typically evolves through several stages marked by considerable behavioral variability. This chapter considers the role of ‘circuit-level’ ... More


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