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Mercenaries: The History of a Norm in International Relations

Sarah Percy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199214334
eISBN:
9780191706608
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214334.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The main aim of this book is to argue that the use of private force by states has been restricted by a norm against mercenary use. It traces the evolution of this norm, from mercenaries in medieval ... More


Image to Interpretation: An Intelligent System to Aid Historians in Reading the Vindolanda Texts

Melissa Terras

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199204557
eISBN:
9780191708121
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204557.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, British and Irish History: BCE to 500CE

The ink and stylus tablets discovered at the Roman fort of Vindolanda are a unique resource for scholars of ancient history. However, the stylus tablets in particular are extremely difficult to read. ... More


Spies in Uniform: British Military and Naval Intelligence on the Eve of the First World War

Matthew S. Seligmann

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199261505
eISBN:
9780191718618
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261505.001.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

Why did the British government declare war on Germany in August 1914? Was it because Germany posed a threat to British national security? Today many prominent historians would argue that this was not ... More


Steady The Buffs!: A Regiment, a Region, and the Great War

Mark Connelly

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199278602
eISBN:
9780191707056
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278602.001.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

This book fully revises standard regimental history by establishing the framework and background to the regiment's role in the Great War. It tests the current theories about the British Army in the ... More


Conclusions

Peter Flaschel and Alfred Greiner

in Flexicurity Capitalism: Foundations, Problems, and Perspectives

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199751587
eISBN:
9780199932825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751587.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The conclusions summarize the main results. In particular, neither the Marx' reserve army mechanism nor mass unemployment as a disciplining device, as in Kalecki's work, are necessary for the ... More


Occupying Armies and Civilian Populations in Nineteenth‐Century Europe

Karma Nabulsi

in Traditions of War: Occupation, Resistance and The Law

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294078
eISBN:
9780191599972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294077.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This is the second of three chapters that set out the differing contexts through which the dilemma in the laws of war over the distinction between lawful and unlawful combatants can be viewed: ... More


Troop Morale and Popular Culture in the British and Dominion Armies 1914–1918

J. G. Fuller

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201786
eISBN:
9780191675010
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201786.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Modern History, Military History

The front-line soldiers of the First World War endured appalling conditions in the trenches and suffered unprecedented slaughter in battle. Their morale, as much as the strategy of their commanders, ... More


Competing Explanations for the Nineteenth-Century Shift Away from Mercenary Use

Sarah Percy

in Mercenaries: The History of a Norm in International Relations

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199214334
eISBN:
9780191706608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214334.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter focuses on the three arguments that seek to explain why states stopped using mercenaries in the 19th century. The first argument is largely realist, making the case that material changes ... More


Humanitarian Intervention in the Balkans

Nicholas Morris*

in Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199267217
eISBN:
9780191601118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267219.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Assesses the success of the two humanitarian interventions in the Balkans – Bosnia in 1995 and Kosovo in 1999 – from the perspective of humanitarian organizations. It argues how, ironically, the ... More


Traditions of War: Occupation, Resistance and The Law

Karma Nabulsi

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294078
eISBN:
9780191599972
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294077.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This book examines wars and military occupation, and the ideas underlying them. The search for these ideas is conducted in the domain of the laws of war, a body of rules that sought to regulate the ... More


A Government of Force

Max. M Edling

in A Revolution in Favor of Government: Origins of the U.S. Constitution and the Making of the American State

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195148701
eISBN:
9780199835096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195148703.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Chapter 7 and the corresponding Ch. 12 in Part Three of the book present the Antifederalist objections to a stronger national government in the “fiscal‐military” sphere, with this chapter looking ... More


Government by Consent

Max. M Edling

in A Revolution in Favor of Government: Origins of the U.S. Constitution and the Making of the American State

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195148701
eISBN:
9780199835096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195148703.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Chapter 8 and the corresponding Ch. 13 in Part Three of the book show how the Federalists responded to the Antifederalist objections to a stronger national government in the “fiscal‐military” sphere, ... More


The Enigma of the Middle Way: Grotius and the Grotian Tradition on War

Karma Nabulsi

in Traditions of War: Occupation, Resistance and The Law

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294078
eISBN:
9780191599972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294077.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This is the second of three chapters on the three traditions of war, and introduces the Groatian tradition, which is viewed as the most dominant and powerful of the traditions presented, and had as ... More


Hitler's Army: Soldiers, Nazis, and War in the Third Reich

Omer Bartov

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195079036
eISBN:
9780199854455
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195079036.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This study shows that the Wehrmacht was systematically involved in atrocities against the civilian population on the Eastern Front. Including quotes from letters, diaries, and military reports, this ... More


Indicators and Measures

Leonardo Morlino

in Democracy Between Consolidation and Crisis: Parties, Groups, and Citizens in Southern Europe

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280828
eISBN:
9780191599965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280823.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The entire set of indicators and measures of consolidation and crisis is presented. The indicators and measures are systematically applied to the four Southern European cases (Portugal, Spain, Italy, ... More


‘A Great Shadow Over Our “Civil Rights” ’: Fighting for the Government

Desmond King

in Separate and Unequal: Black Americans and the US Federal Government

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292494
eISBN:
9780191599682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829249X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Explores segregation in the military and resistance to its abolition ever since the founding of the country and the War of Independence to President Truman's 1947 Committee on Civil Rights and well ... More


Introduction

S. P. Mackenzie

in Politics and Military Morale: Current Affairs and Citizenship Education in the British Army 1914-1950

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202448
eISBN:
9780191675362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202448.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

It was not until the 20th century, the era of total war, that ideological considerations became a real issue in Army education. Only with the appearance of mass conscript armies, at a time of general ... More


Capitalism Justified?

Philippe Van Parijs

in Real Freedom for All: What (if Anything) Can Justify Capitalism?

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293576
eISBN:
9780191600074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293577.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Is there any reason to expect some form of socialism to do better than any form of capitalism in terms of securing a high sustainable level of basic income? None of the familiar arguments against ... More


Building the Medical Machine: the Western Front, 1914–June 1916

Mark Harrison

in The Medical War: British Military Medicine in the First World War

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199575824
eISBN:
9780191595158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575824.003.0002
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter examines casualty disposal (the evacuation and treatment of casualties) from the beginning of the war through to mid-1916. Beginning with an analysis of planning for a continental ... More


Conclusions

Ronald Hutton

in The Restoration: A Political and Religious History of England and Wales, 1658–1667

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203926
eISBN:
9780191676048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203926.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, History of Religion

At the close of his pioneering study of the period 1658–60, Godfrey Davies suggested six main reasons for the Restoration: the constant unpopularity of the army and of godly reform, the divisions of ... More


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