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Peace and Justice: A Prologue

Stanley Hoffmann

in What is a Just Peace?

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199275359
eISBN:
9780191603686
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199275351.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Why has peace been often unjust, and why has justice been more belligerent than peaceful? Frequently, peace or armistice has served only to put a temporary end to violence, and has left some or all ... More


Introduction

Erik Goldstein

in Winning the Peace: British Diplomatic Strategy, Peace Planning, and the Paris Peace Conference 1916-1920

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198215844
eISBN:
9780191678226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198215844.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

This introductory chapter discusses the importance of studying the planning phase in order to understand better British actions at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919. It suggests that though a third ... More


The Advent of Eisenhower

Steven Casey

in Selling the Korean War: Propaganda, Politics, and Public Opinion in the United States, 1950-1953

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195306927
eISBN:
9780199867936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306927.003.0013
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Initially, Eisenhower's emergence as the Republican nominee for president also helped to sustain a basic consensus behind the war, for Ike was a moderate who was prepared to defend Truman's decision ... More


A Year of Climax

Asa Briggs

in The War of Words: The History of Broadcasting in the United Kingdom: Volume III

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192129567
eISBN:
9780191670022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192129567.003.0024
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter discusses the British Broadcasting Corporation's (BBC) programming after the defeat of Germany. It explains that the BBC had begun to consider as early as October 1943 what form its ... More


Britain and France

Asa Briggs

in The War of Words: The History of Broadcasting in the United Kingdom: Volume III

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192129567
eISBN:
9780191670022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192129567.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter focuses on British broadcasting in France during the months of June and July 1940. It explains that during this period, there was a need for urgent action in relation to France, which ... More


Palestinians in Arab Uniform

Yezid Sayigh

in Armed Struggle and the Search for State: The Palestinian National Movement, 1949-1993

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198296430
eISBN:
9780191685224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198296430.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Infiltration was a widespread phenomenon, as former mujahidin set up their own bands or operated on ‘contract’ for Arab military intelligence services, but neither they nor Husayni attempted to ... More


Negotiating the Armistice Agreement

Avi Shlaim

in The Politics of Partition: King Abdullah, the Zionists, and Palestine 1921-1951

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198294597
eISBN:
9780191685057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198294597.003.0035
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the armistices negotiations between Israel and the neighbouring Arab states. The negotiations got under way with the help of United Nations acting mediator Ralph Bunche in ... More


The Sterile Armistice

Avi Shlaim

in The Politics of Partition: King Abdullah, the Zionists, and Palestine 1921-1951

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198294597
eISBN:
9780191685057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198294597.003.0041
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the distinguishing characteristics of the armistice agreements signed by Israel with its neighbouring Arab states. The agreements signed at Rhodes were all temporary in ... More


The Shocking Defeat

Thomas J. Laub

in After the Fall: German Policy in Occupied France, 1940-1944

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199539321
eISBN:
9780191715808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539321.003.0002
Subject:
History, Military History, European Modern History

‘The shocking defeat’ begins with an overview of Allied and Axis military strategy during the phony war, surveys German plans for the invasion of France, and describes the Western Campaign between ... More


Introduction: Surrender in World War II

Gerhard L. Weinberg

in How Fighting Ends: A History of Surrender

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693627
eISBN:
9780191741258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693627.003.0032
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Both sides in World War II expected the other to accept unconditional surrender. If Hitler had been overthrown by internal opposition there might have been a compromise peace. France and Finland were ... More


War News, 1914–1918

Donald Read

in The Power of News: The History of Reuters

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207689
eISBN:
9780191677779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207689.003.0007
Subject:
History, Cultural History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter explores the experiences of Reuters during the war. Reuter correspondents had never forgotten that they were writing for the news agency of the British Empire. The call of patriotism was ... More


Incarnating American Civil Religion

Jonathan H. Ebel

in G.I. Messiahs: Soldiering, War, and American Civil Religion

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300176704
eISBN:
9780300216356
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300176704.003.0002
Subject:
History, Social History

Using materials and events from the years immediately following the Great War, this chapter examines the religious dimensions of the relationship between the United States and its military in the ... More


The Beginning of British Preparations for Peace

Erik Goldstein

in Winning the Peace: British Diplomatic Strategy, Peace Planning, and the Paris Peace Conference 1916-1920

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198215844
eISBN:
9780191678226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198215844.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

This chapter examines the beginnings of Great Britain's preparation for the post-war peace settlement. It explains that Britain had been planning for the peace conference even before the armistice ... More


Discovering Independence Day

M. B. B. Biskupski

in Independence Day: Myth, Symbol, and the Creation of Modern Poland

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199658817
eISBN:
9780191744235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658817.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Social History

This chapter discusses the circumstances in which November 11th emerged as one, if not the sole claimant for the designation of Poland's Independence Day. This includes an analysis of the crowded ... More


Anglo-French Relations and the War in West Africa, 1939–1942

John Kent

in The Internationalization of Colonialism: Britain, France, and Black Africa 1939-1956

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203025
eISBN:
9780191675669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203025.003.0003
Subject:
History, World Modern History

The three years from the outbreak of the war to the Allied invasion of North Africa were undoubtedly the most traumatic in 20th-century Anglo-French relations. A sense of having been let down and ... More


The Debacle

Julian Jackson

in France: The Dark Years, 1940–1944

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207061
eISBN:
9780191677465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207061.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter restores the notion of discontinuity by examining the impact of the defeat of May 1940. Without defeat there would have been no Vichy ... More


The Exiles' Triumph?

Zbyněk Zeman and Antonín Klimek

in The Life of Edvard Beneš 1884–1948: Czechoslovakia in Peace and War

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205838
eISBN:
9780191676802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205838.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter describes the sequence of misfortunes the Habsburg dynasty went through when Beneš was posted as the foreign minister. Beneš told the visitors that Czechoslovaks had nothing to fear ... More


Towards a Democratic Germany and a Conditional Armistice, October-November 1918

DOUGLAS NEWTON

in British Policy and the Weimar Republic, 1918–1919

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203148
eISBN:
9780191675744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203148.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, European Modern History

The chapter discusses the willing attitude of Germany towards democracy and the various factors at work in the eventual British decision for armistice. The armistice was a premature suspension of ... More


Revolution, Armistice, and ‘Surrender’, November 1918

DOUGLAS NEWTON

in British Policy and the Weimar Republic, 1918–1919

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203148
eISBN:
9780191675744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203148.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, European Modern History

The chapter discusses the close coincidence of the two key events that ended the First World War, the revolution in Germany and the armistice at Compiegne, and their enormous consequences for the ... More


‘Victory is Essential to Sound Peace’: The Armistice Negotiations, September–November 1918

David French

in The Strategy of the Lloyd George Coalition, 1916–1918

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205593
eISBN:
9780191676680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205593.003.0012
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

The armistice terms which Britain helped to negotiate in the autumn of 1918 represented a qualified success. At sea they safeguarded Britain's maritime supremacy, and on land they confirmed that if ... More


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