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Armed Violence, Natural Resources, and the Environment

Liam Downey

in Inequality, Democracy, and the Environment

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781479850723
eISBN:
9781479885978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479850723.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter examines how natural resource extraction and armed violence cause social and environmental harm. It first considers armed violence as one of several overlapping and mutually reinforcing ... More


Challenges to Counting and Classifying Victims of Violence in Conflict, Post-Conflict, and Non-Conflict Settings

Keith Krause

in Counting Civilian Casualties: An Introduction to Recording and Estimating Nonmilitary Deaths in Conflict

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199977307
eISBN:
9780199346172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199977307.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Although improvements in the evidence base for analyzing armed violence are a positive development, critical exclusions and limitations to what and who is counted and how they are counted pose ... More


Group Formation, Identities, and Violent Mobilization: Evidence from Nigeria and Niger

Yvan Guichaoua

in A Micro-Level Perspective on the Dynamics of Conflict, Violence, and Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199664597
eISBN:
9780191749254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664597.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter reviews and discusses current theories of armed group formation and drivers of individual enlistment in armed political violence. Drawing on findings from MICROCON research in Nigeria ... More


Life at the Crossfire: An Introduction to Colombia’s Violence and Its Context

Clemencia Rodríguez

in Citizens' Media against Armed Conflict: Disrupting Violence in Colombia

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816665839
eISBN:
9781452946443
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816665839.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

This chapter first sets out the book’s purpose, namely to explore how Colombian communities cornered by armed groups use media and information and communication technologies to buffer, answer, and in ... More


Human Rights Obligations of Armed Non-State Actors

Gilles Giacca

in Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights in Armed Conflict

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780198717447
eISBN:
9780191787010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717447.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The final chapter is devoted to armed non-state actors (ANSAS). How, and to what extent, international law formally binds these actors is still debated. While it is largely uncontested that IHL ... More


Drugs, Violence, and the Media of the People in the Colombian Amazon

Clemencia Rodríguez

in Citizens' Media against Armed Conflict: Disrupting Violence in Colombia

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816665839
eISBN:
9781452946443
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816665839.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

This chapter focuses on southern Colombia and the municipality of Belén de los Andaquíes. It traces the history of this region and documents how, since colonial times, extractive economies and ... More


Nation Building, One Voice at A Time: Citizens’ Communication in Montes de María

Clemencia Rodríguez

in Citizens' Media against Armed Conflict: Disrupting Violence in Colombia

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816665839
eISBN:
9781452946443
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816665839.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

This chapter focuses on the northern Colombian Caribbean where, at the end of the 1990s, the region known as Montes de María had some of the worst levels of social and political violence in the ... More


Chismosas and Alcahuetas: Being the Mother of an Empistolado within the Everyday Armed Violence of a Caracas Barrio

Verónica Zubillaga, Manuel Llorens, and John Souto

in Violence at the Urban Margins

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780190221447
eISBN:
9780190221461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190221447.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter analyzes a unique experience in one of Caracas’s barrios where women formed peace commissions that effectively eradicated violent confrontation between two warring sectors. The ... More


Introduction

Gilles Giacca

in Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights in Armed Conflict

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780198717447
eISBN:
9780191787010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717447.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The introductory chapter is substantive in orientation. It sets out the background to the topic, provides an overview of the key legal issues, discusses the relevant and different legal challenges, ... More


Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights and International Humanitarian Law

Gilles Giacca

in Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights in Armed Conflict

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780198717447
eISBN:
9780191787010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717447.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter examines the general articulation between ESC rights and IHL rules. Despite the rich vein of subject matter and the scholarly attention paid separately to both ESC rights and IHL, we are ... More


Social Justice by Armed Rebellion

John D. Early

in Maya and Catholic Cultures in Crisis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813040134
eISBN:
9780813043838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813040134.003.0025
Subject:
Society and Culture, Social Groups

This chapter describes Liberation Catholics in arms, a turning to violence seen as the only alternative to combat governmental oppression and those allied with it. It describes case histories of ... More


Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights in Armed Conflict

Gilles Giacca

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780198717447
eISBN:
9780191787010
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717447.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This book addresses the international legal obligation to protect economic, social, and cultural human rights in times of armed conflict and other situations of armed violence. These rights provide ... More


The Humanitarian Market

Gilles Carbonnier

in Humanitarian Economics: War, Disaster, and the Global Aid Market

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190491543
eISBN:
9780190638467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190491543.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The second chapter examines the humanitarian marketplace. It explores how humanitarian demand, needs, supply and value chains have evolved since the end of the Cold War. The market has been booming ... More


Treaty Obligations of States for Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights: Theory and Assessment

Gilles Giacca

in Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights in Armed Conflict

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780198717447
eISBN:
9780191787010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717447.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The chapter starts with an examination of the nature of ESC rights and the relevant concepts and approaches developed by the ICESCR and legal doctrine. These include, in particular, the notion of a ... More


General Conclusion

Gilles Giacca

in Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights in Armed Conflict

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780198717447
eISBN:
9780191787010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717447.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

By avoiding the strict war/peace dichotomy, the overall book seeks to demonstrate how human rights law applies at all times. Despite theoretical and practical obstacles, ESC rights do apply in armed ... More


Territorial Scope of Application of Treaty-Based Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights

Gilles Giacca

in Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights in Armed Conflict

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780198717447
eISBN:
9780191787010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717447.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter examines the legal challenges pertaining to the territorial application of human rights treaties. It discusses the notion of state jurisdiction under human rights treaties and critically ... More


Limitations on Conventional Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights on Security Grounds

Gilles Giacca

in Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights in Armed Conflict

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780198717447
eISBN:
9780191787010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717447.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter assesses the conditions for lawful restrictions upon ESC rights under the rule of law, which endeavours to resolve some of the conceptual confusion surrounding the regime of limitations ... More


Conclusion

in Foreign Powers and Intervention in Armed Conflicts

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804782814
eISBN:
9780804782944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804782814.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter describes the conditions under which states intervene, militarily or nonmilitarily, in foreign conflicts within or between nations. It specifically suggested that using the liberal ... More


Environmental Degradation Reconsidered

Liam Downey

in Inequality, Democracy, and the Environment

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781479850723
eISBN:
9781479885978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479850723.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This book has highlighted the limitations of existing arguments in accounting for the structural causes of social and environmental harm, including macro-structural environmental sociology, with ... More


Civilian Protection in the Twenty-First Century: Governance and Responsibility in a Fragmented World

Cecilia Jacob and Alistair D.B. Cook (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780199467501
eISBN:
9780199087204
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199467501.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

There has been a significant consolidation of international norms to advance human protection objectives in current global politics. Yet, while civilian protection is at the heart of international ... More


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